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Cytokine Production

Francesca Aloisi

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses recent research on cytokines that are produced by and/or act on glial cells, focusing on those involved in the regulation of inflammatory, immune, and tissue repair processes. ... More


Mechanisms controlling the development of cortical connections at the target

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The preceding chapters have described how the embryonic anatomy of the early forebrain is established under the control of regulatory genes and extracellular signalling molecules. This chapter ... More


Stress, Natural Killer Cells, and Cancer

RONALD B. HERBERMAN

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

It is now fairly well established that the way individuals cope with stress may affect the development and progression of infections and diseases, including cancer. Of particular interest to ... More


Metabolic and Hormonal Predictors of Obesity

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews epidemiologic studies on metabolic and hormonal predictors of obesity. It focuses primarily on prospective cohort studies, first discussing metabolic predictors, including ... More


Conditioned Immunomodulation

Jennifer L. Szczytkowski and Donald T. Lysle

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0067
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It was originally believed that the immune system functioned independently from other regulatory systems of the body; however, recent research has shown that the cells and processes of the immune ... More


Cytokines and neurodegeneration

Sarah Loddick and Nancy Rothwell

in Immune and Inflammatory Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198509806
eISBN:
9780191724596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509806.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter examines the role of cytokines in neurodegeneration, considering the methodological approaches and evidence for their contribution, likely mechanisms of expression and action, and ... More


The blood–brain barrier and perivascular cells

Barbro B. Johansson

in Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the blood-brain (BBB) barrier and perivascular cells. The BBB is a dynamic and complex interface between blood and brain enabling an optimal internal environment for neurons ... More


The role of glial cells in immune responses in the brain

Jochen Gehrmann and Richard B. Banati

in Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Immune reactions in the brain are largely controlled by the interaction between extrinsic immuneffector cells such as T and B cells, and resident glial cell populations. T and B lymphocytes recruited ... More


Cytokines and neurodegeneration

Nancy Rothwell, Sarah Loddick, and Catherine Lawrence

in Immune Responses in the Nervous System

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781872748795
eISBN:
9780191724381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9781872748795.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

Cytokine is the term used to describe a large and expanding group or family of polypeptides which can be synthesized by most cell types, and influence numerous biological processes. Recent research ... More


Regulation of vascular smooth muscle tone in sepsis

Richard G. Bogle and Patrick Vallance

in The Pharmacology of Vascular Smooth Muscle

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192623874
eISBN:
9780191724671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192623874.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Clinical features of septic shock include a gradual fall in mean arterial blood pressure with peripheral arteriolar vasodilatation. There is a hyperdynamic state with low systemic vascular ... More


Inducible Aromatase in Astroglia: Protection and Recovery from Neural Perturbation in Birds

Kelli A. Duncan and Colin J. Saldanha

in Brain Aromatase, Estrogens, and Behavior

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199841196
eISBN:
9780199979837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199841196.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

In the avian brain, aromatase is constitutive and inducible in neurons and glia respectively. Glial aromatase is rapidly and dramatically upregulated in astroglia (astrocytes and radial glia) ... More


Tingles, Shocks, Wires, and Neurologic Complaints

Daniel J. Wallace and Janice Brock Wallace

in All About Fibromyalgia: A Guide for Patients and their Families

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195147537
eISBN:
9780197561843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195147537.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Rheumatology

Even though headaches, sleep disorders, cognitive impairment, burning, numbness, and tingling are potentially debilitating features of fibromyalgia, very ... More


What are the Regional and Localized Forms of Fibromyalgia?

Daniel J. Wallace and Janice Brock Wallace

in All About Fibromyalgia: A Guide for Patients and their Families

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195147537
eISBN:
9780197561843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195147537.003.0020
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Rheumatology

The definition of fibromyalgia includes widespread pain in all four quadrants (areas) of the body. What happens when you have fibromyalgia-like pain ... More


Stress in Mind: A Stress Response Hypothesis of Cognitive Evolution

Pamela Lyon

in Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019552
eISBN:
9780262314787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019552.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The chapter argues that, just as the evolution and development of bone and muscle scaffolded one another, the vital response to existential challenge supported the evolution and development of ... More


The biology of postpartum psychosis: A hypothetical model

Paola Dazzan

in Perinatal Psychiatry: The legacy of Channi Kumar

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199676859
eISBN:
9780191918346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199676859.003.0026
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Psychiatry

I had the pleasure of meeting Channi Kumar as a junior psychiatry trainee at the Maudsley Hospital, when I elected to work in his clinical service as part of my rotation. It is therefore for me an ... More


Immunotherapy

Jonathan Lambourne and Ruaridh Buchanan

in Tutorial Topics in Infection for the Combined Infection Training Programme

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198801740
eISBN:
9780191917158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801740.003.0057
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

Immunotherapy implies the use of an immune-based therapy to treat infection. Broadly speaking, these therapies can be divided into antibody-based therapies (both pathogen specific and pathogen ... More


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