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1.3 “Superstar” Concentrations of Scientific Output and Recognition

Robert Ackland

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

In large-scale networks such as the World Wide Web, the distribution of hyperlinks appears to follow a “power law,” with a large number of hyperlinks directed toward a small number of websites (known ... More


Archives and the Cyberinfrastructure

Francis X. Blouin Jr. and William G. Rosenberg

in Processing the Past: Contesting Authorities in History and the Archives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740543
eISBN:
9780199894673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740543.003.0011
Subject:
History, Historiography, History of Ideas

This chapter takes up the discussion begun in Chapter 3 about digitization and explores in a comprehensive way the changes information technology are bringing to the various issues and processes ... More


Using Bioinformatics in Citizen Science

Steve Kelling

in Citizen Science: Public Participation in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449116
eISBN:
9780801463952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449116.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter examines how bioinformatics can be used to advance citizen science engagement opportunities that provide the framework for research, education, and dissemination of information at global ... More


Platform and Stack, Model and Machine

Benjamin H. Bratton

in The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter introduces The Stack model in detail. The Stack is a platform, and despite our familiarity with that word, we do not have sufficient understanding of platforms as technical and ... More


Cloud Layer

Benjamin H. Bratton

in The Stack: On Software and Sovereignty

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029575
eISBN:
9780262330183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029575.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the second of six layers in The Stack, the Cloud layer. The “Cloud” refers to Cloud computing generally and includes global networks of datacenters, information channels and ... More


Scientific Collaboration on the Internet

Gary M. Olson, Ann Zimmerman, and Nathan Bos (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151207
eISBN:
9780262281041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151207.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Modern science is increasingly collaborative, as signaled by rising numbers of coauthored papers, papers with international coauthors, and multi-investigator grants. Historically, scientific ... More


E-Science, Cyberinfrastructure, and Scholarly Communication

Tony Hey and Anne Trefethen

in Scientific Collaboration on the Internet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151207
eISBN:
9780262281041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151207.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter finds that computational science has evolved into a more scientific methodology. Computer science professionals are developing software tools and applications to develop a ... More


The National Virtual Observatory

Mark S. Ackerman, Erik C. Hofer, and Robert J. Hanisch

in Scientific Collaboration on the Internet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151207
eISBN:
9780262281041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151207.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter describes how the National Virtual Observatory (NVO) project promotes collaborative scientific research studies. The NVO has been funded by the National Science Foundation to establish ... More


Organizing for Multidisciplinary Collaboration: The Case of the Geosciences Network

David Ribes and Geoffrey C. Bowker

in Scientific Collaboration on the Internet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151207
eISBN:
9780262281041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151207.003.0018
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter discusses how multidisciplinary participants have contributed to planning and building the Geosciences Network (GEON). GEON is a cyberinfrastructure project that aims to produce a range ... More


NEESgrid: Lessons Learned for Future Cyberinfrastructure Development

B. F. Spencer Jr., Randal Butler, Kathleen Ricker, Doru Marcusiu, Thomas A. Finholt, Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman, and Jeremy P. Birnholtz

in Scientific Collaboration on the Internet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151207
eISBN:
9780262281041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151207.003.0019
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter shows how the experiences and lessons learned from the NEESgrid project have influenced the development of future cyberinfrastructure. The NEESgrid project engages experts from different ... More


Reconfiguring Access in Research: Information, Expertise, and Experience

William H. Dutton

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter examines how choices about the design and use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), including the telegraph and the Internet, have reconfigured access to information, ... More


The Developing Conception of e-Research

Paul W. Jeffreys

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter explores the history and future of e-Research and the technologies it encompasses, including information and communication technologies (ICTs) and Grid computing. It also looks at ... More


A Bridge Too Far?: Critical Remarks on the Concept of “Infrastructure” in Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Information Systems

Charlotte P. Lee and Kjeld Schmidt

in Socio-Informatics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198733249
eISBN:
9780191797736
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198733249.003.0006
Subject:
Mathematics, Computational Mathematics / Optimization

The study of computing infrastructures has grown significantly due to the rapid proliferation and ubiquity of large-scale IT-based installations. At the same time, recognition has also grown of the ... More


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