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Prologue

Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga

in Transient Workspaces: Technologies of Everyday Innovation in Zimbabwe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027243
eISBN:
9780262326155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027243.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

In this prologue, the poaching of elephants in Zimbabwe is discussed. In September 2013, “poachers” had massacred more than ninety elephants in one stroke in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe's largest ... More


SINGLE-MOLECULE MAGNETS

Dante Gatteschi, Roberta Sessoli, and Jacques Villain

in Molecular Nanomagnets

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567530
eISBN:
9780191718298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567530.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the reader into the field of single molecule magnets (SMM). The first part is an essentially chemical one, aiming to familiarize the reader with the basic aspects of the art, ... More


Chemical weapons

Herman Spanjaard and Oxana Khabib

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes chemical weapons, including the history of their development and use in World War I and beyond, classification of chemical weapons, and international control of chemical ... More


The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Scott Christianson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book takes us to the dark side of human history in the first full chronicle of the gas chamber in the United States. First constructed in Nevada in 1924, the gas chamber, a method of killing ... More


Cyanide and Silver

Edward Beatty

in Technology and the Search for Progress in Modern Mexico

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780520284890
eISBN:
9780520960558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520284890.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

The use of cyanide to refine gold and silver provides our third detailed case study. Beginning in the 1890s, miners and metallurgists working in Mexico introduced the use of cyanide to separate gold ... More


Devising “Constructive Peacetime Uses”

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

When World War I ended, the United States shut down its poison gas plants for a time. But General Amos Fries and the chemical industry vowed to fight the dismantling of the precious apparatus they ... More


“Like Watering Flowers”

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In 1929, Nevada prison officials tore down the original death house and built a more elaborate structure using convict labor. In response to the safety concerns posed by the first lethal gassing, the ... More


Pillar of Respectability

Scott Christianson

in The Last Gasp: The Rise and Fall of the American Gas Chamber

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520255623
eISBN:
9780520945616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520255623.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

An indication of how powerful and respectable the German-dominated cyanide cartel had become in the 1930s can be found by examining the career of John J. McCloy, a pillar of the East Coast ... More


Introduction

Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga

in Transient Workspaces: Technologies of Everyday Innovation in Zimbabwe

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027243
eISBN:
9780262326155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027243.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This book examines poaching as a historical example of the means and ways with which Africa's ordinary people engage in creative activities aimed at solving their problems and generating values ... More


The Triumph of Industrial Chemistry: The Industrial Response to Sir William Crookes

G. J. Leigh

in The World's Greatest Fix: A History of Nitrogen and Agriculture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195165821
eISBN:
9780197562130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195165821.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

In 1905, Sir William Crookes published a book entitled The Wheat Problem in which he reiterated what he had said in his British Association address of 1898. The ... More


El Salvador Gold: Toward a Mining Ban

Robin Broad and John Cavanagh

in Ending the Fossil Fuel Era

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262028806
eISBN:
9780262327077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028806.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Robin Broad and John Cavanagh demonstrate how one small country, El Salvador, long at the mercy of foreign powers and transnational corporations, has achieved near consensus that gold mining, and the ... More


Major Trauma

Pawan Gupta

in Oxford Assess and Progress: Emergency Medicine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199599530
eISBN:
9780191918049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199599530.003.0017
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

In the UK, trauma is currently the commonest cause of death in people <40 years and its incidence is predicted to rise over the next 20 years. So you have an important role in the assessment and ... More


The Nitrogen Group

George K. Schweitzer and Lester L. Pesterfield

in The Aqueous Chemistry of the Elements

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195393354
eISBN:
9780197562772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195393354.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry

The Nitrogen Group of the Periodic Table contains the elements nitrogen N, phosphorus P, arsenic As, antimony Sb, and bismuth Bi. The outer electron structure ns2np3 characterizes all five of the ... More


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