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Preferential trade arrangements production, and trade with differentiated intermediates †

Olivier Cadot, Antoni Estevadeordal, Akiko Suwa-Eisenmann, and Thierry Verdier

in The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290482
eISBN:
9780191603471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290482.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter focuses on the difference between free trade agreements with rules of origin and customs unions. The first part develops a model to assess the trade and production in intermediate and ... More


The Mainstream from Viner to the JCM Proposition

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deals with mainstream customs union theory, starting with the Vinerian concepts of trade creation and trade diversion (Sects. 1–3). Section 4 analyses differences between customs unions and free ... More


Western European Integration

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deals with the process of economic integration in Western Europe since the early 1950s. Section 1 analyses the origins of the EU, focusing on the customs union among the six signatories of the Treaty ... More


Some Problems of the Customs Union and the Internal Market

Laurence W Gormley

in From Single Market to Economic Union: Essays in Memory of John A. Usher

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199695706
eISBN:
9780191741302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695706.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The customs union is one of the important elements of the common market that was established by the European Economic Community (EEC) Treaty. However, the concept of the common market has now ... More


Mandatory Abolition of Anti-dumping, Countervailing Duties and Safeguards in Customs Unions and Free Trade Areas Constituted between WTO Members: Revisiting a Long-standing Discussion in Light of the Appellate Body’s Turkey—Textiles Ruling

Angela T. Gobbi Estrella and Gary N. Horlick

in Regional Trade Agreements and the WTO Legal System

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199206995
eISBN:
9780191695674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206995.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the ruling of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Appellate Body on the Turkey-Textiles case concerning import restrictions on imports textile and clothing products. It suggests ... More


Three Uses of Political Economy in Analyzing European Integration

Albert O. Hirschman

in The Essential Hirschman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159904
eISBN:
9781400848409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159904.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter considers the interrelated processes of economic and political integration in Europe. It first notes a case—the economic theory of customs unions—in which the very distinctions made and ... More


Non‐Discrimination in the GATT

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Examines the treatment of discriminatory trade policies in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Despite a strong commitment to unconditional MFN treatment, the GATT allowed some ... More


Extending the Model

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Surveys extensions to the mainstream models that were introduced in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s: higher dimensionality (Sect. 1), tariffs in the rest of the world (Sect. 2), the terms of trade (Sect. ... More


Other Free Trade Areas and Customs Unions

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Other free trade areas and customs unions have been less intensively studied than the EU or NAFTA. RTAs among developing countries have not had a great impact, often because paper agreements were not ... More


The Economics of Customs Unions

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter describes the perfect customs unions between pairs of countries and its administrative advantages and disadvantages. To analyze the problem whether customs unions would result in a ... More


The New Regionalism

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Analyses the new regionalism that emerged in the mid‐1980s. By downplaying the significance of trade diversion and emphasizing scale‐based and pro‐competitive benefits of integration, the new ... More


Political Aspects of Customs Union

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter focuses on the location of administrative authority in customs unions. When the tariff wall is removed between two different territories, each territory acquires a live concern in the ... More


Economic Regionalism: The EAEU

Anastassia V. Obydenkova and Alexander Libman

in Authoritarian Regionalism in the World of International Organizations: Global Perspective and the Eurasian Enigma

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198839040
eISBN:
9780191874918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839040.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

Unlike the CIS, the Eurasian Economic Union, which was set up in 2015, but follows a long line of regional organizations which existed since 1995, focuses exclusively on economic affairs. The chapter ... More


Prospects for Customs Unions

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter describes the obstacles to the formation of customs unions. The program under the International Trade Organization weakens the incentive to multilateral preferential arrangements on a ... More


Proliferating Preferential Trade Agreements

Jagdish Bhagwati

in Termites in the Trading System: How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331653
eISBN:
9780199851850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331653.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Most preferential trade agreements (PTAs) are in the form of free trade agreements (FTAs), which is a rare few contain an added common external tariff that converts them into customs unions (CUs). ... More


The North American Integration Regime and its Implications for the World Trading System

FREDERICK M. ABBOTT

in The EU, the WTO, and the NAFTA: Towards a Common Law of International Trade?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199248124
eISBN:
9780191714863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248124.003.0006
Subject:
Law, EU Law

Although the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and European Union (EU) regional integration processes have shortcomings, there is also reason to conclude that these enterprises are ... More


The Compatibility of Customs Union with the Most-Favored-Nation Principle

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter focuses on the issue of compatibility of customs union with the most-favored nation obligations. Under the interpretation of the most-favored-nation principle, a country that is ... More


Preferential Trade Agreements

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: GATT

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029841
eISBN:
9780262333894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029841.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter focuses on preferential trade agreements, the second exception to the most favored nation clause. Unlike special and differential treatment, which is focused on providing benefits to ... More


Introduction

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This introductory chapter provides a background to the nature, purposes, and mode of operation of the customs union as one special form of tariff unification. The customs union is a type of ... More


The Havana Charter and Customs Union

Jacob Viner

in The Customs Union Issue

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199756124
eISBN:
9780190261337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199756124.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter discusses the Charter of the International Trade Organization (Charter), which was formed at Havana on March 24, 1948. The Charter contains important provisions relating to customs ... More


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