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Why the Village Has No Power: Land Ownership Disputes and Customary Tenure

Peter Ho

in Institutions in Transition: Land Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280698
eISBN:
9780191602528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928069X.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Starts with a historical analysis of China’s land property structure and its weaknesses. It is argued that the former production team exercised no real power over land, even though it enjoyed formal ... More


Mineral Disposal and Mining Rights on Private Land

Anthony Scott

in The Evolution of Resource Property Rights

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198286035
eISBN:
9780191718410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286035.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Changes in mining rights on private lands came about in leasing contracts, court interpretations, and custom. By the nineteenth century English landowning families could set up mining operation ... More


Moral Dimensions

Carl Wellman

in The Moral Dimensions of Human Rights

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744787
eISBN:
9780199827138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744787.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter describes the most important moral dimensions of human rights. Moral human rights presuppose basic human needs because they are grounded primarily on the harms normally inflicted on ... More


Contested Spaces: Forest Rights, Registration, and Social Conflict

Peter Ho

in Institutions in Transition: Land Ownership, Property Rights and Social Conflict in China

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280698
eISBN:
9780191602528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019928069X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Assesses the forest property rights system with particular reference to forest registration and customary forest rights. It is argued that—different than in the case of cropland—the forest tenure ... More


Customary Rights of Farmers in Neoliberal India: A Legal and Policy Analysis

Sophy K. Joseph

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190121006
eISBN:
9780190990480
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190121006.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmer’s Rights Act, 2001, promises to balance the intellectual property rights of plant breeders and farmers under one umbrella legislation. However, there ... More


Common Concepts

Sophy K. Joseph

in Customary Rights of Farmers in Neoliberal India: A Legal and Policy Analysis

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190121006
eISBN:
9780190990480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190121006.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter intends to clarify primary concepts such as ‘farmer’, ‘customary rights of a farmer’, and ‘principle of common heritage’ with the help of important literature. While discussing the ... More


Purity and Danger: The Dilemmas of Sustainable Timber in Indonesia

Tim Bartley

in Rules without Rights: Land, Labor, and Private Authority in the Global Economy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198794332
eISBN:
9780191835841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794332.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the project to certify sustainable forestry in Indonesia. Although the field of forest certification was created in large part to counteract deforestation in Southeast Asia, the ... More


Who Needs Religious Freedom?

Jolyon Baraka Thomas

in Faking Liberties: Religious Freedom in American-Occupied Japan

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226618791
eISBN:
9780226618968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226618968.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Japanese Buddhists developed sophisticated interpretations of religious freedom in response to three pressing legal issues in the late nineteenth century. First, a controversial decision concerning ... More


Landscapes and the Law: Environmental Politics, Regional Histories, and Contests over Nature

Gunnel Cederlöf

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780199499748
eISBN:
9780199099283
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199499748.001.0001
Subject:
History, Indian History

Landscapes and the Law is situated at the crossroads of environmental, colonial, and legal history. It examines the role of law in consolidating early colonial rule from the perspective of people’s ... More


Landed Property: Security and Incentives

Tirthankar Roy and Anand V. Swamy

in Law and the Economy in Colonial India

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226387642
eISBN:
9780226387789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226387789.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The Raj usually conducted its discussions on property rights in the language of economic theory: Secure and well-defined rights would best promote economic development. But in reality practical ... More


Tribal Movements and Livelihoods*: Recent Developments in Odisha

Sakti Padhi and Nilakantha Panigrahi

in The Economy of Odisha: A Profile

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199464784
eISBN:
9780199086801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199464784.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The discourse on tribal development and issues of tribal livelihood revolved around securing their well-defined rights on land and forest resources. The chapter attempts to critically review major ... More


From abundance to land scarcity

Camilla Toulmin

in Land, Investment, and Migration: Thirty-five Years of Village Life in Mali

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198852766
eISBN:
9780191887147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852766.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

How could the village of Dlonguébougou (DBG), which boasted abundant land in 1980, find itself land scarce just 25 years later? The answer lies in part with a tripling of the village population, the ... More


Deepening Problem Definitions

William Ascher

in Bringing in the Future: Strategies for Farsightedness and Sustainability in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226029160
eISBN:
9780226029184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226029184.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the dimension of deepening problem definitions. A “problem definition” typically focuses on particular values to be pursued and protected and a diagnosis of the obstacles to ... More


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