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Erhard as Economics Director in Bizone

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights and discuses Erhard's efforts and endeavours as economic director of the Bizone in stabilizing the economic crisis. Erhard was of the view that a currency reform without an ... More


Theory into Practice: The Struggle over Policy, 1948

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights the concept of the Economics Administration of the Bizone, during 1947–8, which was striving to be a system of improved planning and resource allocation, combined with the ... More


“The Danger Point is Berlin”

Daniel F. Harrington

in Berlin on the Brink: The Blockade, the Airlift, and the Early Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813136134
eISBN:
9780813136837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136134.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 3 carries events forward to the imposition of the Soviet blockade, June 24, 1948. It describes the so-called “baby blockade” of early April, the London program, and Soviet responses to it. ... More


The Social Market and the Crisis in the German Economy, 1947–1948

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter highlights the German economic and political crisis and the social market situation during the 1947–8 period. Modern industry suffered during the crisis period due to a concentration of ... More


West Germany in Ruins: The Aftermath of Defeat

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the economic situation of West Germany in the aftermath of defeat after World War II. Transport was badly hit, private dwellings and shops had also been destroyed in large ... More


The Meiji ‘Restoration’

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205890
eISBN:
9780191676840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

This chapter describes the Meiji reforms, together with the imperial restoration, that would constitute the Meiji Restoration. It introduces the progress of the anti-Bakufu movement (Tobaku). Then, ... More


Multiple Currency Clauses and Currency Reform: The Austrian Coupon Cases

Rastko Vrbaski

in Money in the Western Legal Tradition: Middle Ages to Bretton Woods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198704744
eISBN:
9780191774041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704744.003.0026
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter presents a case study of the Austrian Coupon Cases of the 1870s and 1880s, which involved internationally issued bonds of Austrian railway companies that were originally denominated in ... More


The SPD and the Triumph of Reform

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0018
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the success of the economic reforms of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). The balance of forces in the SPD due to the favour of the social market economy was the ... More


Fiscal and Monetary Systems

Tirthankar Roy

in The Economic History of India, 1857-1947

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198074175
eISBN:
9780199082148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074175.003.0010
Subject:
History, Indian History

According to Indian nationalists, the British colonizers pursued fiscal and monetary policies that benefited Britain and British enterprise, but refused to adopt policies favourable to India and ... More


Erhard and the CDU

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on Erhard's economic policies as economic director of the Bizone and his alliance with the CDU. Erhard considered that a party like the CDU would obviously give the freedom and ... More


Conclusion: The Social Market Economy in Retrospect

A. J. Nicholls

in Freedom with Responsibility: The Social Market Economy in Germany 1918-1963

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208525
eISBN:
9780191678059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208525.003.0019
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter provides a conclusion regarding various aspects and theories of social market economy implemented in West Germany after the Great Depression. Income generated by the market was not ... More


The Making of the West German Borderlands, 1945–1955

Astrid M. Eckert

in West Germany and the Iron Curtain: Environment, Economy, and Culture in the Borderlands

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190690052
eISBN:
9780190690083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190690052.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

This chapter explores the economic consequences of the early inter-German border and introduces the economic heterogeneity of the borderlands through snapshots of four localities along the ... More


Long Live the Korean Empire: Hopes, Fulfillment, and Frustrations

Eugene Y. Park

in A Family of No Prominence: The Descendants of Pak T?khwa and the Birth of Modern Korea

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804788762
eISBN:
9780804790864
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804788762.003.0005
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter brings the Paks closer to the forefront of documented history as they thrived in the period of the Korean Empire (1897–1910). None achieved the kind of prominence needed to win ... More


1947

Arsenii Formakov

Emily D. Johnson (ed.)

in Gulag Letters

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300209310
eISBN:
9780300228199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209310.003.0005
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

Formakov’s letters from 1947 focus on his preparations for his release, the introduction of the zachet system of time-off for good work, and also his concerns about his wife’s health and his family’s ... More


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