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Sociocultural Perspectives on Adolescent Autonomy

Kathleen Boykin McElhaney and Joseph P. Allen

in Adolescence and Beyond: Family Processes and Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736546
eISBN:
9780199932443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736546.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter explores how cultural and economic circumstances shape the nature, meaning, and consequences of strivings for autonomy in adolescence. It highlights research that demonstrates that the ... More


Families in transition: Social change, family formation and kin relationships

Nickie Charles

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861347893
eISBN:
9781447302308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861347893.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This book addresses the complexity of family change. It draws on evidence from two linked studies, one carried out in the 1960s and the other in the early years of the 21st century, to analyse the ... More


Evolution of Moralitys 1

Edouard Machery and Ron Mallon

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines whether morality really evolved, as many philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists, and biologists claim. It distinguishes three possible versions of this claim and reviews ... More


Moral Evolution

Shaun Nichols

in Sentimental Rules: On the Natural Foundations of Moral Judgement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195169348
eISBN:
9780199835041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169344.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter turns to the genealogy of “harm norms,” norms against causing pain and suffering to others. The chapter sets out a range of historical and anthropological facts that need to be captured ... More


Mothers as Teachers at Home

Robert A. Levine, Sarah E. Levine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

in Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.003.0051
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines evidence from Mexico, Venezuela and Nepal indicating that experience in Western-type schools influences’ women’s maternal behavior in a pedagogical direction, involving verbal ... More


Methods and Sources

Leland Donald

in Aboriginal Slavery on the Northwest Coast of North America

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520206168
eISBN:
9780520918115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520206168.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes the sources of information and the methods used to arrive at the statements and conclusions in this book about slavery in the Northwest Coast of North America. It explains the ... More


How Culture May Change Assumptions in Antitrust Policy

Thomas K. Cheng

in The Global Limits of Competition Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804774901
eISBN:
9780804782678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804774901.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

This chapter asks whether economic concepts that underpin competition law doctrines are culture-specific. Most microeconomic and industrial organization theories have been developed in Western ... More


Economics, Sex, and the Emergence of Society: A Dynamic Life History Model of Cultural Variation

Douglas T. Kenrick and Luis Gomez-Jacinto

in Advances in Culture and Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199336715
eISBN:
9780190255794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199336715.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Cultural variations in social norms have sometimes been taken as evidence against evolved universal predispositions. This chapter discusses several cultural variations—including male competitiveness, ... More


Methodological Aspects of Cross-Cultural Research

Fons J. R. van de Vijver

in Handbook of Advances in Culture and Psychology, Volume 5

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190218966
eISBN:
9780190274474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190218966.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The dual ancestry of cross-cultural research methods is described, rooted in both experimental, quantitative psychology and qualitative ethnography and anthropology. These disciplines have worked ... More


Accounting for Schengen: Cultures of Border Control and Their Evolution

in Cultures of Border Control: Schengen and the Evolution of European Frontiers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226977867
eISBN:
9780226977881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226977881.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter reviews the main tenets of the three cultures of border control that define the European case (“Westphalia,” “Schengen,” and “Brussels”). It also discusses the concept of “cultural ... More


2 Social Network Analysis and the Practice of History

John Edward Terrell

in Network Analysis in Archaeology: New Approaches to Regional Interaction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199697090
eISBN:
9780191745300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697090.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter suggests that archaeologists spend too little time on the practice of history. Instead, they often take it for granted that the results of their efforts and formal analyses contribute ... More


Commentary: Dealing with Conflicts of Interest: Is Virtue Ethics Tough Enough?

Alastair V. Campbell

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0097
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Although Virtue Ethics (VE) is an important approach to medical ethics, it may not be adequate for meeting the ever-increasing conflicts of interest in modern health care. There are several ... More


Can Archaeologists Study Processes of Invention?

Michael Brian Schiffer

in Innovation in Cultural Systems: Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013338
eISBN:
9780262259101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013338.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter evaluates cultural variation from a behavioral perspective. It develops that argument by situating invention within the overarching context of technological change; evaluating the ... More


Cultural Transmission from the Last Common Ancestor to the Levallois Reducers: What Can We Infer?

Stephen J. Lycett

in Squeezing Minds From Stones: Cognitive Archaeology and the Evolution of the Human Mind

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190854614
eISBN:
9780190854645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190854614.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Given the gap between ape and human cultural capacities, the question of what we can infer about evolving cultural capacities during the course of human evolution presents itself. Tom Wynn has ... More


Against Arguments from Reference

Ron Mallon, Edouard Machery, Shaun Nichols, and Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 1: Mind and Language, 1972–2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199734108
eISBN:
9780190267513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on arguments that derive philosophically significant conclusions from the assumption of one or another theory of reference—what are called “arguments from reference.” It first ... More


South Asian Religions in the United States: New Contexts and Configurations

Karen Leonard

in New Cosmopolitanisms: South Asians in the US

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804752800
eISBN:
9780804767842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804752800.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at South Asian groups in the United States such as Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, and Zoroastrian, who practice in historical and traditional ways, and contrasts them ... More


The Empirical Findings

Edouard Machery

in Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198807520
eISBN:
9780191845444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807520.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 2 is the first systematic review of the empirical findings suggesting that the judgments influenced by philosophical cases vary across demographic groups (culture, gender, age, SES, ... More


Speaker’s Reference and Cross-Cultural Semantics

Edouard Machery, Justin Sytsma, and Max Deutsch

in On Reference

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198714088
eISBN:
9780191782527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714088.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Machery et al. (2004) have presented data suggesting that, while most Americans have Kripkean (i.e., causal–historical) intuitions about the reference of proper names, a majority of Chinese have ... More


Extending Evolutionary Accounts of Religion beyond the Mind: Religions as Adaptive Systems

Benjamin Grant Purzycki, Omar Sultan Haque, and Richard Sosis

in Evolution, Religion, and Cognitive Science: Critical and Constructive Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199688081
eISBN:
9780191767722
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688081.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

Current cognitive approaches to religion maintain that religion evolved as a by-product of cognitive mechanisms that were naturally selected for functions unrelated to religion. In the present ... More


Folk Psychology and Tacit Theories: A Correspondence between Frank Jackson, and Steve Stich and Kelby Mason

Frank Jackson, Kelby Mason, and Steve Stich

in Conceptual Analysis and Philosophical Naturalism

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012560
eISBN:
9780262255202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012560.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents correspondence between Frank Jackson, and Steve Stich and Kelby Mason. The goal of showing the exchange here is to understand where the differences lie in their notions about ... More


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