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Universalism

Simon Caney

in Justice Beyond Borders: A Global Political Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780198293507
eISBN:
9780191602337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829350X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Any global political theory must start by asking whether there are in fact universal moral values, and this chapter addresses precisely this question. Section I engages in a conceptual analysis of ... More


Justice, Legality and the Rule of Law: Lessons from the Pitcairn Prosecutions

Dawn Oliver (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199568666
eISBN:
9780191721595
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568666.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

A British colony of fifty inhabitants in the Pacific Ocean, Pitcairn Island was settled by the Bounty mutineers and nineteen Polynesians in 1790. In 2004, six Pitcairn men were convicted of numerous ... More


Finale

Paul Crowther

in The Kantian Aesthetic: From Knowledge to the Avant-Garde

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579976
eISBN:
9780191722615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579976.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, History of Philosophy

This chapter emphasizes that in offering an alternative to interminablist interpretations of the Kantian aesthetic, the present work has striven to develop avenues of understanding opened up through ... More


Multiculturalism, Universalism, and the Claims Of Democracy

Anne Phillips

in Gender Justice, Development, and Rights

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199256457
eISBN:
9780191601989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256454.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores the theory that liberal universalism “erases difference” in regards to women and other cultures, and considers the conflict and agreement between feminist and multicultural ... More


Care Theory and International Relations

Daniel Engster

in The Heart of Justice: Care ethics and Political Theory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199214358
eISBN:
9780191706684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214358.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the question: What does it mean to care for others in international relations? Sara Ruddick, Fiona Robinson, and others have outlined international relations theories based upon ... More


The Practice of Value

Joseph Raz

R. Jay Wallace (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199278466
eISBN:
9780191699986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278466.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, which honor the American scholar, industrialist, and philanthropist Obert Clark Tanner, are presented annually at each of nine universities in the United States ... More


Relativism and Rights

Ronald Niezen

in The Origins of Indigenism: Human Rights and the Politics of Identity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520235540
eISBN:
9780520936690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235540.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter deals with the two important theoretical/philosophical problems facing the human rights movement: relativism and collective rights. If the relativist idea of cultural contingency in ... More


Cultural Complexity, Moral Interdependence, and the Global Dialogical Community

Seyla Benhabib

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Benhabib reconsiders aspects of the cultural relativism–universalism debate via sociological hypotheses regarding the reproduction and interdependence of cultures. After taking issue with relativist ... More


Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Martha C. Nussbaum and Jonathan Glover (eds)

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This volume, which grows out of The Quality of Life (eds. Martha Nussbaum and Amartya Sen, 1993), combines philosophical inquiry with economic concerns regarding women's equality in the developing ... More


CULTURAL RELATIVISM ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott explains why one of the most attractive arguments for extreme cultural relativism about morality, the moral imperialism argument, is incoherent. The incoherence of the ... More


Rights and Duties on Pitcairn Island

Letsas George

in Justice, Legality and the Rule of Law: Lessons from the Pitcairn Prosecutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199568666
eISBN:
9780191721595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568666.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter attempts to identify and discuss some of the jurisprudential issues that the fascinating Pitcairn case raises. It locates the unmet conditions of the justifiability of interference by ... More


‘A Million Mutinies Now’: Why Claims of Cultural Uniqueness Cannot be Used to Justify Violations of Basic Human Rights

Colm O'Cinneide

in Justice, Legality and the Rule of Law: Lessons from the Pitcairn Prosecutions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199568666
eISBN:
9780191721595
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568666.003.006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses issues of cultural relativism and vulnerability raised by the Pitcairn situation. It has been argued by some commentators that the Pitcairn prosecutions unjustifiably imposed a ... More


Gender Inequality in China and Cultural Relativism

Xiaorong Li

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Li provides an account of women's inequality in China and its relation to traditional norms. Contending against cultural relativist approaches to China and in favour of a more internationalist and ... More


Similarity and Difference in Cross-Cultural Practice: An Anthropological Perspective

Catherine Nye

in Handbook of Community-Based Clinical Practice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195159226
eISBN:
9780199893843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159226.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health, Communities and Organizations

Differences in cultural practices at the behavioral level are obvious. How families are constituted, who sleeps by whom, what people eat, what work they do, their child-rearing practices, all vary ... More


In Search of Principles of Healthcare Ethics in Islam

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter explores the role culture plays in providing the moral presuppositions and the way ethics builds upon the formal normative framework, for the moral choices that Muslims make in the ... More


The Dark Sides of Communitarianism

Rahul Rao

in Third World Protest: Between Home and the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560370
eISBN:
9780191721694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560370.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

Drawing on the international society approach, this chapter suggests that the efforts of Western states to impose liberal values on the Third World (described by Andrew Hurrell as ‘coercive ... More


Epilogue: Dramatic Platonism

Martin Puchner

in The Drama of Ideas: Platonic Provocations in Theater and Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199730322
eISBN:
9780199852796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730322.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Drama

This last chapter outlines some theoretical consequences of dramatic Platonism for contemporary thought. It targets three thoughts evident today: corporealism, linguistic relativism, and cultural ... More


A Disability Rights Tribunal for Asia and the Pacific

Michael L. Perlin

in International Human Rights and Mental Disability Law: When the Silenced are Heard

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195393231
eISBN:
9780199914548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393231.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The existence of regional human rights courts and commissions has been an essential element in the enforcement of international human rights in those regions of the world where such tribunals exist. ... More


Rethinking the Debate on Universalism and Cultural Relativism in the Light of the Culturalization of Human Rights Law

Federico Lenzerini

in The Culturalization of Human Rights Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199664283
eISBN:
9780191748479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664283.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Chapter 4 has the purpose of revisiting the debate on universalism vs. cultural relativism in light of the ongoing practice of culturalization of human rights law. Although the construction of ... More


Conscience and Authority

Thomas E. Hill

in Respect, Pluralism, and Justice: Kantian Perspectives

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238348
eISBN:
9780191597688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238347.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sketches three distinct ways of conceiving of conscience, arguing that none of these gives us reason to suppose that conscience guarantees morally justifiable decisions about when to resist ... More


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