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THE MANAGEMENT OF LEARNING: ORGANIZATIONS AS KNOWLEDGE-CREATING ENTERPRISES

Chun Wei Choo

in The Knowing Organization: How Organizations Use Information to Construct Meaning, Create Knowledge, and Make Decisions

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176780
eISBN:
9780199789634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176780.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

An organization possesses three kinds of knowledge: tacit or personal knowledge; explicit or codified knowledge, and cultural knowledge in its beliefs and norms. An organization can create new ... More


CULTURAL KNOWLEDGE AND MUSICAL ONTOLOGY

Lawrence M. Zbikowski

in Conceptualizing Music: Cognitive Structure, Theory, and Analysis

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195140231
eISBN:
9780199871278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140231.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

This chapter addresses the problem of what counts as a work of music. This problem, usually called the problem of musical ontology, is viewed as one of cultural knowledge. It is shown that as opposed ... More


Learning “About” Versus Learning “From” Other Minds: Natural Pedagogy and Its Implications

GyÖrgy Gergely

in The Innate Mind, Volume 3: Foundations and the Future

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195332834
eISBN:
9780199868117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332834.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter characterizes the concept of cognitive opacity, outlines the nature of the learnability problem it represents for mechanisms of cultural learning, and speculates about its evolutionary ... More


Automatic Associations: Personal Attitudes or Cultural Knowledge?

Eric Luis Uhlmann, T. Andrew Poehlman, and Brian A. Nosek

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

People have automatic associations with a myriad of targets, from political figures to ethnic minorities. Automatic associations may constitute implicit attitudes that are related to, but distinct ... More


A Knowledge-Based Account of Cultural Identification: The Role of Intersubjective Representations

Ching Wan and Jia Yu

in Culture and Group Processes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199985463
eISBN:
9780199385607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985463.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Cultural identification has often been studied from the perspective of individuals’ categorical membership in a cultural group. This chapter presents an alternative account of cultural identification ... More


Introduction

Mo Yee Lee and Amy Zaharlick

in Culturally Competent Research: Using Ethnography as a Meta-Framework

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199846597
eISBN:
9780199315918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846597.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation, Communities and Organizations

This chapter explains the need for cultural competency in our growing diverse society. Noting that diversity is not limited to ethnic or racial domains, it defines diversity thoroughly and provide ... More


Cultural Knowledge as Resource in Illness Narratives: Remembering through Accounts of Illness

Cheryl Mattingly and Linda C. Garro

in Narrative and the Cultural Construction of Illness and Healing

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520218246
eISBN:
9780520935228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520218246.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter explains how the interplay of personal experience and cultural knowledge shapes illness narratives. It examines how cultural knowledge can become a resource in guiding remembering about ... More


Acquiring Cultural Knowledge

Mo Yee Lee and Amy Zaharlick

in Culturally Competent Research: Using Ethnography as a Meta-Framework

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199846597
eISBN:
9780199315918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846597.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation, Communities and Organizations

This chapter presents ethnography as a helpful way to acquire understanding of the culture and cultural knowledge of people outside one’s own cultural context, either a “foreign” culture or a ... More


When Culture Is Not a System

Ilana Gershon

in No Family Is an Island: Cultural Expertise among Samoans in Diaspora

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450785
eISBN:
9780801464027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450785.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter addresses one of the ways government officials respond to their multicultural migrant clients and colleagues—by requiring cultural brokers. It begins with a dilemma for Samoan cultural ... More


Ahmed Sheikh Nabhany Swahili poetry and the conservation of cultural knowledge

Kai Kresse

in Philosophising in Mombasa: Knowledge, Islam and Intellectual Practice on the Swahili Coast

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748627868
eISBN:
9780748652976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748627868.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, African Studies

Historically, poetry and its performance were applied to a wide range of incidents in Swahili social life. Swahili poetry has long been used for Islamic and social education, as well as for ... More


Understanding Culture

Mo Yee Lee and Amy Zaharlick

in Culturally Competent Research: Using Ethnography as a Meta-Framework

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199846597
eISBN:
9780199315918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846597.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation, Communities and Organizations

In chapter 2 the terms “culture” and “cultural knowledge” are examined. The term “culture” has been defined in hundreds of ways and each definition has implications for conducting cultural research. ... More


Cowbirds in America: With Nathan Wright1

Wendy Griswold

in Regionalism and the Reading Class

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226309224
eISBN:
9780226309262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309262.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

Drawing on an Internet survey sponsored by the National Geographic Society, this chapter explores the relationship between residential mobility and regionalism. It shows that literary regionalism is ... More


Changing cultures of night-time breastfeeding and sleep in the US

Cecilia Tomori

in Social Experiences of Breastfeeding: Building Bridges between Research, Policy and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447338499
eISBN:
9781447338543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447338499.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter looks at the cultural assumptions that childbearing requires specialised medical knowledge in the United States, where expectant parents usually receive advice on all aspects of ... More


Ostensive Communication and Cultural Learning: The Natural Pedagogy Hypothesis

György Gergely

in Agency and Joint Attention

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199988341
eISBN:
9780199346295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199988341.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter summarizes the theory and supporting evidence for Natural Pedagogy, an ostensive communicative learning system that evolved in humans as a specialized cognitive adaptation to enable ... More


The Cultural Face of Terror in the Rwandan Genocide of 1994

Christopher C. Taylor

in Annihilating Difference: The Anthropology of Genocide

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520230286
eISBN:
9780520927575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230286.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter considers the argument that while political, socioeconomic, and historical factors played a crucial role in the Rwandan genocide, they still cannot explain why the violence was carried ... More


Getting the Job

Richard E. Ocejo

in Masters of Craft: Old Jobs in the New Urban Economy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691165493
eISBN:
9781400884865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165493.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines how doing the job for workers in each of these occupations—bartenders, barbers, butchers—includes displaying confidence while performing tasks. Confident behavior serves as the ... More


Introduction: Unveiling the Human Terrain System

Montgomery McFate and Janice H. Laurence

in Social Science Goes to War: The Human Terrain System in Iraq and Afghanistan

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190216726
eISBN:
9780190492137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190216726.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Military units deploying to Iraq and Afghanistan before 2006 knew little about the political system, economic life, or culture of the countries in which they would be fighting a war. This ignorance ... More


Someone: The Pragmatics of Misfit Sexualities, from Colette to Hervé Guibert

Michael Lucey

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226606187
eISBN:
9780226606354
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226606354.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This book explores a set of works from modern French literature that are interested in same-sex sexualities, but versions of those sexualities that fail to correspond to mainstream gay and lesbian ... More


Sense and Stigma in the Gospels: Depictions of Sensory-Disabled Characters

Louise J. Lawrence

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199590087
eISBN:
9780191806551
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199590087.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The senses are used within New Testament texts as instruments of knowledge and power and thus constitute important mediators of cultural knowledge and experience. Likewise, those instances where ... More


Colette and (Un)intelligibility

Michael Lucey

in Someone: The Pragmatics of Misfit Sexualities, from Colette to Hervé Guibert

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226606187
eISBN:
9780226606354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226606354.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter studies Colette’s 1932 volume, Ces plaisirs..., revised and republished as The Pure and the Impure, reconstructing the contexts of its writing and reception in order to reveal its ... More


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