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The Past as Prologue: The Development of the World Opiate Market and the Rise of the International Control Regime

Letizia Paoli, Victoria A. Greenfield, and Peter Reuter

in The World Heroin Market: Can Supply Be Cut?

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195322996
eISBN:
9780199944194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322996.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter reviews the historical development of the world opiate market, including the international policy regime that surrounds it. It explores the period of growth of the opiate market in the ... More


War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Challenge of Achieving Scientific Objectivity

Douglas P. Fry

in War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199858996
eISBN:
9780199332687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858996.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter highlights some of the salient points in each of the book's five topical sections. It seeks to demonstrate, with concrete recent examples, that cultural bias significantly distorts the ... More


Rethinking Intelligence

David A. Varel

in The Lost Black Scholar: Resurrecting Allison Davis in American Social Thought

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226534886
eISBN:
9780226534916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226534916.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

The eighth chapter evaluates Davis’s work on intelligence-testing, which marked the culmination of his social thought and the height of his social influence. In 1948, Harvard invited Davis to give ... More


Cultural Psychology and the Globalization of Western Psychiatric Practices

Randall Horton

in Universalism without Uniformity: Explorations in Mind and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226501543
eISBN:
9780226501710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226501710.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

This paper examines key institutional and economic forces driving the rapid extension of the use of Western models of diagnosing and treating mental illness into all corners of the developing world. ... More


Giving Soaps a Good Scrub: ABC’s Ugly Betty and the Ethnicity of Television Formats

Jaime J. Nasser

in The Survival of Soap Opera: Transformations for a New Media Era

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604737165
eISBN:
9781621037767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604737165.003.0008
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Television

This chapter considers developments in two industries related to the U.S. daytime soap opera: Latin American telenovelas and U.S. primetime drama. It gives special attention to two biases that have ... More


Family Life

Allen Johnson

in Families of the Forest: The Matsigenka Indians of the Peruvian Amazon

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232419
eISBN:
9780520936294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232419.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter explores the development of Matsigenka Indians character and interpersonal relations in household-centered families. It explains that the main dilemma of Matsigenka family life is ... More


A Conventional Measure of Happiness: A Reexamination

Michael B. Kaufman

in Redefining Success in America: A New Theory of Happiness and Human Development

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226550015
eISBN:
9780226550299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226550299.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Chapter 9 reconsiders the findings of the book’s study by replicating its main statistical analyses using a conventional and widely used survey self-report measure of happiness as a dependent ... More


Flora Unveiled: The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants

Lincoln Taiz and Lee Taiz

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190490263
eISBN:
9780190868673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490263.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Sex in animals has been known for at least ten thousand years, and this knowledge was exploited during animal domestication in the Neolithic period. In contrast, sex in plants wasn’t discovered until ... More


Mandopop Under Siege: Culturally Bound Criticisms of Taiwan’s Pop Music

Marc L. Moskowitz

in Cries of Joy, Songs of Sorrow: Chinese Pop Music and Its Cultural Connotations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833695
eISBN:
9780824870812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833695.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the cultural biases embedded in critiques of Mandopop. In the 1980s and early 1990s, Taiwan's popular music swept across China. Many in the PRC government reacted to the values ... More


The Best Argument Wins

John Gastil and Katherine R. Knobloch

in Hope for Democracy: How Citizens Can Bring Reason Back into Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190084523
eISBN:
9780190084561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190084523.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Comparative Politics

Deliberation encourages participants to reason with one another chapter 6 details how cultural biases often impede such reasoning. Cultural predispositions are an indication of people’s beliefs along ... More


Conclusion

Aakash Singh Rathore and Rimina Mohapatra

in Hegel's India: A Reinterpretation, with Texts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199468270
eISBN:
9780199087464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199468270.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

After deep and wide-ranging study and extensive writing, Hegel’s conclusions regarding the beauty of Indian art, the sublimity of Indian religion, and the complexity and significance of Indian ... More


The Quandary Over Plant Sex

Lincoln Taiz and Lee Taiz

in Flora Unveiled: The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190490263
eISBN:
9780190868673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490263.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Chapter one describes “The Quandary Over Plant Sex” in its historical context. The sexual role of pollen wasn’t discovered until the late 17th century, suggesting a deep cultural bias. Beliefs ... More


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