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Cultural Beliefs as a Common Resource in an Integrating World

Avner Greif

in The Economics of Transnational Commons

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292203
eISBN:
9780191684883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292203.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses cultural beliefs as a common resource in an integrating world. The chapter states that recent developments in transportation, communication, and information technologies have ... More


Emerging Adulthood(s): The Cultural Psychology of a New Life Stage

Jeffrey Jensen Arnett

in Bridging Cultural and Developmental Approaches to Psychology: New Syntheses in Theory, Research, and Policy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195383430
eISBN:
9780199827176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195383430.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines the theory of emerging adulthood from the perspective of cultural psychology. First it provides a brief overview of the theory. Then it addresses the ways “one size fits all” ... More


Culture, Group Processes, and Trust

Letty Y-Y. Kwan and Ying-yi Hong

in Culture and Group Processes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199985463
eISBN:
9780199385607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985463.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews past literature to elucidate the relationship between culture, group processes and trust. Culture has a profound impact on trust, and the underpinning processes are often linked ... More


Subjects of Tolerance: Why We Are Civilized and They Are the Barbarians

Wendy Brown

in Political Theologies: Public Religions in a Post-Secular World

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226443
eISBN:
9780823237043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226443.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter examines political liberalism's ideal of tolerance, starting out with the troubling observation that recent years have seen a “culturalization of conflict”, ... More


Cultural Attitudes and the “Traditional Medicines Paradox”: Evidence from Ghana and the Philippines

Joan Costa-Font and Azusa Sato

in Social Economics: Current and Emerging Avenues

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035651
eISBN:
9780262337915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035651.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Traditional medicines continue to be widely used worldwide despite the increasing availability of modern medicines. We term this phenomenon the ‘traditional medicines paradox’. We investigate a ... More


Individuals and culture

Robert A. Hinde

in Origins of the Human Brain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523901
eISBN:
9780191689048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523901.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

To be able to understand human social behaviour and human diversity, this chapter focuses on the relations between one's biological heritage and the complexities of cultural beliefs in more complex ... More


War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Challenge of Achieving Scientific Objectivity

Douglas P. Fry

in War, Peace, and Human Nature: The Convergence of Evolutionary and Cultural Views

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199858996
eISBN:
9780199332687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199858996.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter highlights some of the salient points in each of the book's five topical sections. It seeks to demonstrate, with concrete recent examples, that cultural bias significantly distorts the ... More


Implications for Policy and Practice

Suzanne Gaskins, Marjorie Beeghly, Kim A. Bard, Ariane Gernhardt, Cindy H. Liu, Douglas M. Teti, Ross A. Thompson, Thomas S. Weisner, and Relindis D. Yovsi

in The Cultural Nature of Attachment: Contextualizing Relationships and Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036900
eISBN:
9780262342872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036900.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Ideas and claims about children’s development (e.g., concerning attachment relationships) that have found broad acceptance in the academic community have impacted the development of policy in ... More


Culture and Lay Theories of Change

Ning Zhang, Li-Jun Ji, and Tieyuan Guo

in The Psychological and Cultural Foundations of East Asian Cognition: Contradiction, Change, and Holism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199348541
eISBN:
9780190695705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199348541.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Lay theories of change refer to beliefs people hold about how events develop over time and are related to each other. This chapter reviews cultural differences in lay theories of change between East ... More


Prologue

Gregory D. Smithers

in The Cherokee Diaspora: An Indigenous History of Migration, Resettlement, and Identity

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300169607
eISBN:
9780300216585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169607.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Native American Studies

This book explores the origins of the Cherokee diaspora, focusing on the years roughly between 1756 and 1945. It investigates how or why the Cherokee people became a traveling, diasporic people and ... More


The Wilton Way: Middle-Class Culture and Practice

Peter Demerath

in Producing Success: The Culture of Personal Advancement in an American High School

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226142395
eISBN:
9780226142425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226142425.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Secondary Education

This chapter describes the community examined in this book and the Wilton Way and details the more-or-less shared beliefs that comprise this ideology, including the distinctiveness of the community, ... More


Conclusion A Family Level Society

Allen Johnson

in Families of the Forest: The Matsigenka Indians of the Peruvian Amazon

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232419
eISBN:
9780520936294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232419.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter summarizes the findings and restates the case for the Matsigenka Indians as a family level society. It explains that family level societies similar in their general characteristics to ... More


The Institution of Marriage

Carrie Yodanis

in Dividing the Domestic: Men, Women, and Household Work in Cross-National Perspective

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763578
eISBN:
9780804773744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763578.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter focuses on the cultural ideals of the institution of marriage and the implications of changing cultural beliefs about marriage for the domestic organization of households. It uses survey ... More


Trafficking Women's Human Rights

Julietta Hua

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816675609
eISBN:
9781452946375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816675609.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The history of human beings bought and sold, forced into lives of abject servitude or sexual slavery, is a story as old as civilization and yet still of global concern today. How this story is told, ... More


FGCs with marginalised communities

Iyabo Ayodele Fatimilehin

in Family Group Conferences in Social Work: Involving Families in Social Care Decision Making

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447335801
eISBN:
9781447335856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447335801.003.0009
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

This chapter discusses family group conferences (FGCs) and marginalised communities. FGCs offer an alternative and more sustainable approach to working with families who are marginalised or socially ... More


What Residents Think, Believe, and Act Upon

Michael Oluf Emerson and Kevin T. Smiley

in Market Cities, People Cities: The Shape of Our Urban Future

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781479856794
eISBN:
9781479882922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479856794.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

In chapter 4, we foreground how residents think about their cities, and the critical role that their cultural beliefs play in underwriting the Market City and the People City—as well as contesting ... More


Siblings and Inheritance of the Patrimony

Sonya Salamon

in Prairie Patrimony: Family, Farming, and Community in the Midwest

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807845530
eISBN:
9781469616094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9780807845530.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses how lifecourse imperatives require an intergenerational transmission of family land about every twenty-five to thirty years. How parents transfer family resources to children ... More


Management and Residents: Communication Failure

Yasuhito Kinoshita

in Refuge of the Honored: Social Organization in a Japanese Retirement Community

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520075955
eISBN:
9780520911789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520075955.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter deals with an aspect of the new phenomenon of Japanese retirement housing that has not yet been well understood by the Japanese themselves: cultural beliefs and expectations about ... More


I Belong to This Band, Hallelujah!: Community, Spirituality, and Tradition among Sacred Harp Singers

Laura Clawson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226109589
eISBN:
9780226109633
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109633.001.0001
Subject:
Music, History, American

The Sacred Harp choral singing tradition originated in the American South in the mid-nineteenth century, spread widely across the country, and continues to thrive today. Sacred Harp is not performed ... More


Feeling ‘Ghostlike’: Carlyle and his Exposure to the ‘Condition-of-England-Question’

Clare Williams (ed.)

in Shaping Belief: Culture, Politics, and Religion in Nineteenth-Century Writing

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846311369
eISBN:
9781846315688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846315688.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter examines fractured social identities by focusing on Thomas Carlyle and his involvement in the ‘Condition–of–England–Question’, which addressed the condition of the working class and its ... More


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