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Size and Politics

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The cube root law of assembly sizes applies to first or only chambers. It says that assembly size is approximately the cube root of the country's population, because this size minimizes the workload ... More


Seat Allocation in Federal Second Chambers and the Assemblies of the European Union

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The number of seats in the European Parliament roughly equals the cube root of the population of the European Union. This theoretically based ‘cube root law of assembly sizes’ also fits most national ... More


MINIMUM DEGREE: LAWS OF LARGE NUMBERS

Mathew Penrose

in Random Geometric Graphs

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506263
eISBN:
9780191707858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506263.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter is concerned with the minimum degree of the random geometric graph G(n,r), or equivalently with the threshold value of r at which the minimum degree achieves value k. Laws of large ... More


China and the Global Environment 1

Warwick J. McKibbin

in China, Asia, and the New World Economy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235889
eISBN:
9780191717109
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235889.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This study examines the environmental consequences of rapid growth in China, focusing on the environmental consequences of rising energy use. It explores the recent past as well as potential future ... More


Collaboration

Ralph Schroeder

in Being There Together: Social Interaction in Shared Virtual Environments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195371284
eISBN:
9780199865000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371284.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter focuses on how people collaborate in various kinds of multi-user virtual environments. It begins by reviewing findings on distributed work and findings about problems in collaborating in ... More


Spatial Thinking and Visualization: Teaching the Essential Principles of Perspective Drawing

Deborah A. Rockman

in The Art of Teaching Art: A Guide for Teaching and Learning the Foundations of Drawing-Based Art

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195130799
eISBN:
9780197561447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195130799.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Teaching of a Specific Subject

Perspective drawing is a system for creating a two-dimensional illusion of a three-dimensional subject or three-dimensional space. Information, whether observed ... More


Ecological Rationality for Teams and Committees: Heuristics in Group Decision Making

Torsten Reimer and Ulrich Hoffrage

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0096
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter applies the concept of ecological rationality to the context of groups and teams. A summary of agent-based computer simulations is provided in which groups integrated member opinions on ... More


A Unified Model of Triadic Voice-Leading Space

Richard Cohn

in Audacious Euphony: Chromatic Harmony and the Triad's Second Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199772698
eISBN:
9780199932238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772698.003.0005
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Chapter 5 combines the two preliminary models into a single connected model of the triadic universe. Their points of intersections are theorized as eight voice leading zones. Motion within a zone ... More


Ree–Hoover virial expansion and hard particles

Barry M. McCoy

in Advanced Statistical Mechanics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199556632
eISBN:
9780191723278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556632.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter derives the modification of the Mayer expansion made by Ree and Hoover. Analytic expressions for the virial coefficients B2,B3, and B4 are given and Monte–Carlo results for Bn for 5 ≤ n ... More


Making (Bio)Logical Connections

Subrata Dasgupta

in The Second Age of Computer Science: From Algol Genes to Neural Nets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190843861
eISBN:
9780197559826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190843861.003.0011
Subject:
Computer Science, History of Computer Science

At first blush, computing and biology seem an odd couple, yet they formed a liaison of sorts from the very first years of the electronic digital computer. Following a ... More


Handling Real Forms in Real Life

R. M. Steinman, W. Menezes, and A. N. Herst

in Seeing Spatial Form

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195172881
eISBN:
9780199847570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172881.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is possible to measure human gaze control, especially under restricted conditions. This chapter provides a PowerPoint presentation and propriety eye movement visualization to elaborate on human ... More


The Strength of Strong Ties : The Importance of Philos in Organizations

David Krackhardt

in Networks in the Knowledge Economy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195159509
eISBN:
9780197562017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195159509.003.0008
Subject:
Computer Science, Computer Architecture and Logic Design

In 1973, Mark Granovetter proposed that weak ties are often more important than strong ties in understanding certain network-based phenomena. His argument ... More


Presence and Performance Within Virtual Environments

Woodrow Barfield and David Zeltzer

in Virtual Environments and Advanced Interface Design

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195075557
eISBN:
9780197560310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195075557.003.0023
Subject:
Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction

Recent developments in display technology, specifically head-mounted displays slaved to the user’s head position, techniques to spatialize sound, and ... More


Amateurs and Professionals in Chemistry: The Case of the Periodic System

Philip J. Stewart

in Mendeleev to Oganesson: A Multidisciplinary Perspective on the Periodic Table

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190668532
eISBN:
9780197559765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190668532.003.0006
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Amateurs Have Made Valuable contributions to various sciences, including astronomy, geology, biology, and engineering. In chemistry they have been drawn to the ... More


Deformation and Diffusion Compared

Brian Bayly

in Chemical Change in Deforming Materials

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195067644
eISBN:
9780197560211
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195067644.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The suggestion in view is that when volume is lost by diffusive mass transfer, the consequent shortening rate along some direction n is controlled by ∇2σnn ... More


The Power of Place and the Place of Power

John Gaventa

in Appalachia in Regional Context: Place Matters

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813175324
eISBN:
9780813175676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813175324.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The political scientist John Gaventa’s prizewinning analysis of power and powerlessness was a foundational study in the early development of Appalachian studies. In this chapter he outlines a new, ... More


Chinese Boxes and Learning Cubes: Action Learning in a Cross-Cultural Context *

Max Boisot and Michel Fiol

in Knowledge, Organization, and Management: Building on the Work of Max Boisot

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199669165
eISBN:
9780191749346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669165.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

The Learning Cube is a simple diagnostic tool that can be used to analyze and evaluate training programs. It comprises three dimensions: (1) abstraction-concreteness; (2) direction-autonomy; (3) ... More


Designing Data-centric Computers

John E. Kelly and Steve Hamm

in Smart Machines: IBM's Watson and the Era of Cognitive Computing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231168564
eISBN:
9780231537278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231168564.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the development of the data-centric computer that will greatly reduce the amount of movement required in data processing. This new design puts the data, rather than the ... More


Borrowing the Ellis Island Tests

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on the wider use of intelligence tests throughout the 1920s and 1930s until they were generally superseded by David Wechsler’s scales from 1939 onward. From May 1912 to May 1916, ... More


The Color Cubes Puzzle with Two and Three Colors

Ethan Berkove, David Cervantes-Nava, Daniel Condon, Andrew Eickemeyer, Rachel Katz, and Michael J. Schulman

in The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Games, Graphs, Counting, and Complexity, Volume 2

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171920
eISBN:
9781400889136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171920.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter analyzes a puzzle related to a classic problem first posed by English mathematician Percy MacMahon. MacMahon Given a palette of six colors, a 6-color cube is one where each face is one ... More


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