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Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


Crystallization theory

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

A basic understanding of crystallization theory exists through the phase‐diagram description. More detailed theories are available but no one theory can currently predict crystallization behaviour. ... More


Practical methods of crystallization

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

There are four major techniques for growing crystals of biological macromolecules: vapour diffusion, microbatch, free interface diffusion and dialysis. Each method has its inherent advantages and ... More


Membrane proteins

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The structural studies of membrane proteins lag those of their soluble counterparts. This is mainly due to the difficulty in crystallizing membrane proteins that have large hydrophobic regions that ... More


Breakthrough Innovation and the Shaping of New Markets: The Role of Communities of Practice 1

Aurélie Delemarle and Philippe Larédo

in Community, Economic Creativity, and Organization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545490
eISBN:
9780191720093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545490.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

This chapter analyses how the creation of a new inter-organizational communities of practice can help the ‘break out’ of dominant technological paradigms. It focuses on the crystallization role that ... More


RNA crystallogenesis

Benoît Masquida, Boris François, Andreas Werner, and Eric Westhof

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The number of RNA crystal structures has increased in an exponential manner mainly due to the fact that RNA is increasingly viewed as a predominant part of biological processes such as translation, ... More


DUSTY PLASMAS

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses the physics of complex (dusty) plasmas — low-temperature plasmas containing charged microparticles — and the major types of experimental dusty plasmas. Various elementary ... More


Classical cloning, expression, and purification

Jane Skelly, Maninder K. Sohi, and Thil Batuwangala

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The ideal protein-expression strategy for X-ray structural analysis should provide correctly folded, soluble, and active protein in sufficient quantities for successful crystallization. Subsequent ... More


Automation of non-conventional crystallization techniques for screening and optimization

Naomi E. Chayen

in Macromolecular Crystallography: conventional and high-throughput methods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198520979
eISBN:
9780191706295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198520979.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The availability of high-quality crystals is crucial to the structure determination of proteins by X-ray diffraction. It is still not understood why some proteins crystallize with ease while others ... More


Screening

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Finding initial crystallization conditions for a new macromolecule can be like searching for a needle in a haystack. The first step is to set up screening trials, exposing the macromolecule to ... More


Cities and Economic Development in the Roman Empire

Neville Morley

in Settlement, Urbanization, and Population

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199602353
eISBN:
9780191731570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602353.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter sets out theoretical debate about urbanization in the Roman world and its possible relationship to the economy. Any comparative study of urbanization shows that entirely different ... More


THERMODYNAMICS OF PLASMAS WITH DEVELOPED IONIZATION

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The description of the thermodynamics of the strongly ionized plasma starts by discussing the most popular and well-studied model of the one-component plasma (OCP), which represents a system of point ... More


NONNEUTRAL PLASMAS

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses nonneutral plasmas, which are plasmas consisting of particles with a single sign of charge. Nonneutral plasmas provide some unique research opportunities that are not available ... More


Controlling the polymorphic form obtained

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199236565
eISBN:
9780191707940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236565.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter reviews strategies and methods for achieving control over the crystallization process in order first to screen for polymorphism and subsequently to prepare various polymorphs in a ... More


Neutron Protein Crystallography: Hydrogen, Protons, and Hydration in Bio-macromolecules

Nobuo Niimura and Alberto Podjarny

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199578863
eISBN:
9780191725555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578863.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This book on neutron protein crystallography (NPC) begins with a brief review of the physics of neutrons and neutron diffraction, highlighting the differences between neutron and X-ray diffraction ... More


Experimental procedure for neutron protein crystallography

Nobuo Niimura and Alberto Podjarny

in Neutron Protein Crystallography: Hydrogen, Protons, and Hydration in Bio-macromolecules

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199578863
eISBN:
9780191725555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578863.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This part focuses on the details of the experimental procedures of neutron protein crystallography (NPC). The technique of growing a large single crystal of protein is both indispensable for NPC and ... More


The Availability of Policy Principles

Paul Goren

in On Voter Competence

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195396140
eISBN:
9780199979301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396140.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines whether evaluations of the principles of limited government, traditional morality, and military strength are present in the belief systems of cognitively heterogeneous ... More


Biodegradable nanocomposites based on poly(hydroxyalkanoates)

Narendra K. Singh and Pralay Maiti

in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Future Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199581924
eISBN:
9780191728853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581924.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter aims at highlighting on recent development in preparation, characterization, properties, crystallization behaviors, thermal degradation, melt rheology, controlled biodegradation, and ... More


Crystallization of granitic magmas

Anne Nédélec and Jean-Luc Bouchez

in Granites: Petrology, Structure, Geological Setting, and Metallogeny

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198705611
eISBN:
9780191774515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705611.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Important aspects of magma crystallization are examined in detail, from the formation of the first crystal nuclei and their growth to the fate of the late-magmatic processes, such as residual melts, ... More


Injection Molding

Chang Dae Han

in Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials: Volume 2: Polymer Processing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195187830
eISBN:
9780197562369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195187830.003.0013
Subject:
Chemistry, Physical Chemistry

Injection molding is one of the oldest polymer processing operations used to produce goods from thermoplastic polymers. Today, almost all commercial injection molding machines have a reciprocating ... More


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