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Crystalline Molecular Complexes and Compounds: Structures and Principles

Frank H. Herbstein

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198526605
eISBN:
9780191712142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526605.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This book presents a rational classification of the vast amount of material in literature followed by a sketch of the historical background. The structures and properties of the various kinds of ... More


Crystallography of Modular Materials

Giovanni Ferraris, Emil Makovicky, and Stefano Merlino

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199545698
eISBN:
9780191712111
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545698.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This book provides a treatment of theories and applications in the rapidly expanding field of the crystallography of modular materials. Molecules are the natural modules from which molecular ... More


Cavity Polaritons in Organic Microcavities

Vladimir M. Agranovich

in Excitations in Organic Solids

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199234417
eISBN:
9780191715426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234417.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the specific properties of excitations in microcavities with crystalline as well as with amorphous organics. For organic microcavities, it is typical that the very large Rabi ... More


Theory – the bare essentials

Erich H. Kisi and Christopher J. Howard

in Applications of Neutron Powder Diffraction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780198515944
eISBN:
9780191705663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515944.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents the properties of thermal neutrons. Their wavelength (from the de Broglie equation) is well suited to the investigation of condensed matter, i.e., to the study of liquids, ... More


Dielectric Theory of Frenkel Excitons: Local Field Effects

Vladimir M. Agranovich

in Excitations in Organic Solids

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199234417
eISBN:
9780191715426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234417.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents the so-called dielectric theory of the Frenkel excitons. The theory is the generalization of the local field Lorentz theory to the case of anisotropic molecular solids. It takes ... More


SPACE AND TIME PROPERTIES

R. E. Raab and O. L. de Lange

in Multipole Theory in Electromagnetism: Classical, quantum, and symmetry aspects, with applications

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567271
eISBN:
9780191717970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567271.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Polar and axial vectors and tensors are defined in terms of their behaviour under coordinate transformations. The effect of the time-reversal operator on kets and matrix elements is considered, ... More


EXTENDED ARRAYS OF MOLECULES

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses molecule formations. Topics covered include assemblages formed by atoms, the crystalline state, order-disorder transitions, gradual transitions, types of solid lattice, and ... More


The p-adic Simpson Correspondence (AM-193)

Ahmed Abbes, Michel Gros, and Takeshi Tsuji

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691170282
eISBN:
9781400881239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691170282.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Algebra

The p-adic Simpson correspondence, recently initiated by Gerd Faltings, aims at describing all p-adic representations of the fundamental group of a proper smooth variety over a p-adic field in terms ... More


Electronic Structure Methods for Complex Materials: The orthogonalized linear combination of atomic orbitals

Wai-Yim Ching and Paul Rulis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199575800
eISBN:
9780191740992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575800.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The aim of this book is to broadly introduce a robust method for electronic structure calculation that is particularly well suited for application to large complex systems. This method, called the ... More


Biodegradable thermoplastic starch/poly (vinyl alcohol): nanocomposites with layered silicates

Katherine M. Dean, Euthathios Petinakis, and Long Yu

in Nanocomposites with Biodegradable Polymers: Synthesis, Properties, and Future Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199581924
eISBN:
9780191728853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581924.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter, the formation, structures, and properties of a series of thermoplastic starch/ poly(vinylalcohol)(PVOH) nanocomposites with layered silicates are discussed. The relative ... More


The Emergence of Optics as a Science: The Greek and Early Greco-Roman Background

A. Mark Smith

in From Sight to Light: The Passage from Ancient to Modern Optics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174761
eISBN:
9780226174938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174938.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores how optics evolved as a science between roughly 350 BC and 160 AD according to three different, but roughly complementary, approaches. The first of these, the so-called ... More


Periodicity, symmetry and crystallography

D. S. Sivia

in Elementary Scattering Theory: For X-ray and Neutron Users

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199228676
eISBN:
9780191775116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228676.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter delves into the crystalline state – the one occupying the top position in the hierarchy of the phases of matter. A look at elastic scattering with a consideration of the crystalline ... More


Beyond ideal crystals

Carmelo Giacovazzo

in Fundamentals of Crystallography

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573653
eISBN:
9780191775000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573653.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter posits that more severe types of crystal imperfections exist, and they are responsible for most of the physical properties of solids. It briefly describes mechanisms and/or organizations ... More


Experimental methods in X‐ray and neutron crystallography

Monaco Hugo L. and Gilberto Artioli

in Fundamentals of Crystallography

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573653
eISBN:
9780191775000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573653.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the experimental methods used to study the diffraction of X-rays and neutrons by crystalline materials. Although electrons are also diffracted by crystals, electron diffraction ... More


Inorganic and mineral crystals

Giovanni Ferraris

in Fundamentals of Crystallography

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199573653
eISBN:
9780191775000
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573653.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter illustrates crystalline substances that are based on infinite arrays of atoms, where strong bonds are ubiquitous and not confined to molecules, namely, to neutral groups of atoms that ... More


Optical lattices and precise measurements

Massimo Inguscio and Leonardo Fallani

in Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780198525844
eISBN:
9780191780059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525844.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the physics of ultracold atoms trapped in optical lattices, i.e., ordered arrays of microscopic traps produced by the interference of counterpropagating laser beams. The motion ... More


Flow and deformation of soft matter

Masao Doi

in Soft Matter Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199652952
eISBN:
9780191774942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652952.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The flow and deformation behaviours of soft matter are usually between those of fluids and elastic materials. For example, bubblegum can be stretched indefinitely like a fluid, but snaps back like an ... More


Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics

E. L. Wolf

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199645862
eISBN:
9780191767852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645862.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Graphene: A New Paradigm in Condensed Matter and Device Physics is a complete description of the science and applications of graphene. Graphene, the single layer of graphite, is now ... More


French Alps and Alpine Forelands

Yvonne Battiau-Queney

in The Physical Geography of Western Europe

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199277759
eISBN:
9780191917639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199277759.003.0024
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

The French Alps are the western part of the 1,200-km-long Alpine range extending eastward to the Vienna basin. They have the highest summits of the range, in the Mont-Blanc massif (4,807 m a.s.l.). ... More


Solar: A Renewable Energy Type

Paul F. Meier

in The Changing Energy Mix: A Systematic Comparison of Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190098391
eISBN:
9780190098421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098391.003.0008
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Sustainability

There are two basic approaches for using solar energy to generate electricity. The first type, solar photovoltaic (PV) energy, uses semiconductors to convert sunlight into electricity. Crystalline ... More


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