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Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


Overall summary and future thoughts

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0020
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter summarizes the state‐of‐the‐art in the field and discusses upcoming techniques to solve and to improve the current problems.


Phase equilibria, phase changes, and mesophases: Analysis and simulation

ANGELO GAVEZZOTTI

in Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

All matter, from the simplest fluid such as gaseous helium to the most complex system like a biological cell, is made of electrons and nuclei. Electric potentials tend to glue the nuclei together, ... More


Crystal growth and evaluation

Alexander Blake

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter describes techniques for obtaining and handling single crystals suitable for X-ray diffraction, including solvent evaporation, cooling, liquid and vapour diffusion methods, slow reaction ... More


Crystal shapes and defects

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0034
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the way in which 3He crystals grow and change in shape under gravity. Topics covered include crystal growth, vacancies, spin polarons and magnons, and dislocations.


Introduction

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Macromolecules are the machinery of life and their function is determined by their 3D structure. Visual observation with a light microscope is not possible as the sizes of macromolecules are well ... More


Optimization

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The ‘hits’ or ‘leads’ found during the screening stage that point to conditions that may be conducive to crystallization, need to be optimized in order to attain high quality crystals. This chapter ... More


Controlling the polymorphic form obtained

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199236565
eISBN:
9780191707940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236565.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter reviews strategies and methods for achieving control over the crystallization process in order first to screen for polymorphism and subsequently to prepare various polymorphs in a ... More


Minority rule

John Orton

in The Story of Semiconductors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199559107
eISBN:
9780191712975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559107.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter describes the work leading to the invention of the point-contact transistor at Bell Labs in 1947 by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley, together with Shockley's later ... More


PROPAGATION OF CHEMICAL CHANGE

C. N. Hinshelwood

in The Structure of Physical Chemistry

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570257
eISBN:
9780191717659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570257.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the propagation of chemical reactions. Topics covered include attack by a gas on a solid, the kinetics of crystal growth, polycondensation reactions, periodic precipitation, ... More


Exploring the crystal form landscape

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780199655441
eISBN:
9780191872853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655441.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Chapter 3 deals with the theoretical background, the strategies, and the experimental techniques for exploring the crystal for landscape. The various and evolving models for aggregation and ... More


Setting the Scene

John Orton and Tom Foxon

in Molecular Beam Epitaxy: A Short History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199695829
eISBN:
9780191748844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695829.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Setting the scene involves describing the various forms of crystal growth used in the electronics industry, both bulk and epitaxial. This is used to set the MBE method in context. Emphasis is placed ... More


Fundamentals

John Orton and Tom Foxon

in Molecular Beam Epitaxy: A Short History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199695829
eISBN:
9780191748844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695829.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter concentrates on semiconductor surfaces and incorporation of atoms from molecular beams. RHEED was used to study the reconstruction of surfaces. Mass spectrometry was used to measure ... More


Framboid Microcrystal Growth

David Rickard

in Framboids

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780190080112
eISBN:
9780197571934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190080112.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Mineralogy and Gems, Environmental Chemistry

Framboid microcrystals grow through surface reaction of S2(-II) or H2S with =FeS moieties at defect sites on the pyrite crystal surface. The surface energies of pyrite vary from the most stable cubic ... More


Crystallization of granitic magmas

Anne Nédélec and Jean-Luc Bouchez

in Granites: Petrology, Structure, Geological Setting, and Metallogeny

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198705611
eISBN:
9780191774515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705611.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Important aspects of magma crystallization are examined in detail, from the formation of the first crystal nuclei and their growth to the fate of the late-magmatic processes, such as residual melts, ... More


On “Crystal Growth” in Harmonic Space: (1993/2003)

James Tenney

Larry Polansky, Lauren Pratt, Robert Wannamaker, and Michael Winter (eds)

in From Scratch: Writings in Music Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038723
eISBN:
9780252096679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038723.003.0018
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

James Tenney talks about his “crystal growth” algorithm, an idea that suggests a new “harmonic syntax” for harmonic space. As a quantitative model, it is both suggestively rich for future composition ... More


MBE—The Early History

John Orton and Tom Foxon

in Molecular Beam Epitaxy: A Short History

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199695829
eISBN:
9780191748844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695829.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

MBE is shown to originate from the development of semiconductor evaporation studies and the application of molecular beams to various scientific experiments. The Stern–Gerlach experiment to confirm ... More


Low-dimensional structures

E. R. DOBBS

in Helium Three

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198506409
eISBN:
9780191709463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506409.003.0035
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a discussion of the establishment of a phase diagram for a monolayer of 3He from heat capacity measurements. It then presents accounts of recent studies of the magnetic and ... More


Lattices

Mark Ladd

in Symmetry of Crystals and Molecules

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199670888
eISBN:
9780191781124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670888.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The definition of ‘lattice’ in one, two, and three dimensions is discussed, together with the choice of unit cell. The Bravais lattices are explained with stereoscopic illustrations, system by ... More


Electrical resistivity

Robert E. Newnham

in Properties of Materials: Anisotropy, Symmetry, Structure

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198520757
eISBN:
9780191916601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198520757.003.0019
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

The next six chapters describe the transport phenomena associated with the flow of charge, heat, and matter. In each case there is a vector flux that is governed by a vector field. Linear ... More


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