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Cross-sectional and Repeated Measures Studies

Harvey Checkoway, Neil Pearce, and David Kriebel

in Research Methods in Occupational Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195092424
eISBN:
9780199864553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092424.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cross-sectional studies are particularly well suited for investigating workplace hazards in relation to non-fatal health outcomes, such as disease symptoms. The repeated measures design is an ... More


Cross-Sectional Studies

K. Warner Schaie

in Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence: The Seattle longitudinal study

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156737
eISBN:
9780199786817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter describes the pilot studies that led to the selection and validation of the measures used in the Seattle Longitudinal Study. The 1956 baseline study is presented and its findings are ... More


STrengthening the REporting of Genetic Association studies (STREGA)—an extension of the STROBE statement

Julian Little, Julian P. T. Higgins, John P. A. Ioannidis, David Moher, France Gagnon, Erik von Elm, Muin J. Khoury, Barbara Cohen, George Davey Smith, Jeremy Grimshaw, Paul Scheet, Marta Gwinn, Robin E. Williamson, Guang Yong Zou, Kimberley Hutchings, Candice Y. Johnson, Valerie Tait, Miriam Wiens, Jean Golding, Cornelia M. van Duijn, John McLaughlin, Andrew Paterson, George Wells, Isabel Fortier, Matthew Freedman, Maja Zecevic, Richard A. King, Claire Infante-Rivard, Alexandre Stewart, and Nick Birkett

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter proposes and justifies a set of guiding principles for reporting results of genetic association studies. The epidemiology community has recently developed the STrengthening the Reporting ... More


13. Cross-sectional studies

Janet E. Cade

in Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192627391
eISBN:
9780191723704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192627391.003.0013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Cross-sectional studies involve identifying a defined population at a given point in time and measuring a range of variables on an individual basis which can include current and past dietary ... More


Overview of Study Designs

Harvey Checkoway, Neil Pearce, and David Kriebel

in Research Methods in Occupational Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195092424
eISBN:
9780199864553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092424.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The choice of epidemiologic study design is largely dictated by the health outcomes of primary interest, feasibility, and availability of valid exposure data. This chapter provides brief descriptions ... More


Causes and Effects

J. H. Abramson and Z. H. Abramson

in Making Sense of Data: A Self-Instruction Manual on the Interpretation of Epidemiological Data

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195145250
eISBN:
9780199864775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195145250.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The exercises in this section cover the kinds of epidemiological study used to investigate causal processes, criteria for the appraisal of causal associations, and ways of measuring the impact of ... More


Study Design, Measures of Effect, and Sources of Bias

Lorene M. Nelson, Caroline M. Tanner, Stephen K. Van Den Eeden, and Valerie M. McGuire

in Neuroepidemiology: From principles to practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133790
eISBN:
9780199863730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133790.003.02
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter addresses the principles of research study design. It provides an in-depth description of commonly used study designs to address research objectives. It presents information about study ... More


Structural and Functional Imaging of Aging: Longitudinal Studies

Lars Nyberg, Sara Pudas, and Anders Lundquist

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking Cognitive and Cerebral Aging

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199372935
eISBN:
9780190662264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199372935.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter on longitudinal structural and functional brain imaging examines points of convergence and divergence in findings from neuroimaging studies using cross-sectional versus longitudinal ... More


Analytic Epidemiologic Designs in Obesity Research

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews analytic epidemiologic study designs and research into the consequences and determinants of obesity. These include ecological studies, cross-sectional studies, case-control ... More


Epidemiology

Sadie Costello, Jennifer M. Cavallari, David H. Wegman, Marie S. O’Neill, and Ellen A. Eisen

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the basic principles of epidemiology, emphasizing the aspects most relevant to studies of health effects from occupational and environmental exposures. Numerous examples are ... More


Other Study Designs

Daniel Westreich

in Epidemiology by Design: A Causal Approach to the Health Sciences

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190665760
eISBN:
9780190665791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190665760.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

In Chapter 8, the author discusses several other key study designs, including some of the more “traditional” epidemiologic designs, among them case reports and series, case-crossover studies, and ... More


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