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Effects of visual deprivation

Ian P. Howard

in Perceiving in Depth: Volume 1 Basic Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199764143
eISBN:
9780199949359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199764143.003.0241
Subject:
Psychology, Vision, Cognitive Psychology

Visual deprivation in early life disrupts the development of the visual system, especially binocular vision. The chapter starts with a review of the effects of rearing animals in darkness and the ... More


A new view

Craig P. Speelman and Kim Kirsner

in Beyond the Learning Curve: The construction of mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570417
eISBN:
9780191708657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570417.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter further develops the Component Theory of Skill Acquisition. Halloy's theory of complex systems is used as inspiration for proposing a mechanism whereby practice on a task affects ... More


Background context

Janette Atkinson

in The Developing Visual Brain

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198525998
eISBN:
9780191712395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525998.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines the scientific approaches that have influenced the work on visual development described in the book. It summarizes contributions from animal visual neuroscience, including the ... More


Modularity in Language and Theory of Mind: What Is the Evidence?

Michael Siegal and Luca Surian

in The Innate Mind: Volume 2: Culture and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195310139
eISBN:
9780199871209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310139.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines evidence on the relationship between language and theory of mind (ToM) reasoning. Despite wide environmental variations in exposure to language, grammar and ToM emerge ... More


Exposure measurement

Emily White, Bruce K. Armstrong, and Rodolfo Saracci

in Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology: Collecting, Evaluating, and Improving Measures of Disease Risk Factors

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198509851
eISBN:
9780191723827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509851.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter covers the initial steps in exposure measurement that should occur during the planning of an epidemiologic study of the relationship between an exposure (risk factor) and a disease (or ... More


Bowlby's “Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness”: Recent Studies on the Interpersonal Neurobiology of Attachment and Emotional Development

Allan N. Schore

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Chapter 2 proposes that Bowlby's concept of environment of evolutionary adaptedness describes the psychological space that a particular culture, at any point of anthropological history, creates to ... More


Molecular Factors Controlling Inhibitory Circuit Maturation and Onset of Critical Period Plasticity: Implications for Developmental Diseases

Cristo Graziella Di and Chattopadhyaya Bidisha

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter concentrates on the mechanisms regulating the onset of ocular dominance (OD) plasticity. It describes how alteration in the timing of the critical period can be implicated in ... More


Neurons and Neonates: Reflections on the Molyneux Problem

Shaun Gallagher

in How the Body Shapes the Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199271948
eISBN:
9780191603112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271941.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter looks at problems and solutions involved in Molyneux’s famous question to John Locke — whether a person born blind, if they were given sight, would be able to recognize shapes learned by ... More


The Critical Period, Access to Universal Grammar in First and Second Language, and Language Attrition

Norbert Francis

in Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016391
eISBN:
9780262298384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016391.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter explores the concepts of modularity and the competence-ability distinction in the context of simultaneous, sequential, and subtractive bilingualism, second language (L2) learning, and ... More


The Brain’s Critical Period for Language Acquisition

Angela D. Friederici and Noam Chomsky

in Language in Our Brain: The Origins of a Uniquely Human Capacity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036924
eISBN:
9780262342964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036924.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

Whether a critical period for language learning exists (or not) is at the heart of ongoing debates over why second language learning appears to be easy early in life but much more difficult as we ... More


The Brain as Emulator and Creator of Worlds

Alain Berthoz

in Simplexity: Simplifying Principles for a Complex World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300169348
eISBN:
9780300177923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300169348.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers some of the simplifying principles that the perceiving brain relies on in order to act. The discussions cover the brain as emulator of reality; the concept of resonance; ... More


The Sensorimotor Nature of Early Learning

Arturo E. Hernandez

in The Bilingual Brain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199828111
eISBN:
9780199345366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828111.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Jean Piaget was the pioneer of cognitive development who proposed a stage like approach to the way in which human thought changes as children age. During the first few years of life, thought is ... More


Congruence-Association Model of music and multimedia: Origin and evolution

Annabel J. Cohen

in The Psychology of Music in Multimedia

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199608157
eISBN:
9780191761225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608157.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

The evolution of the Congruence-Association Model (CAM) is presented in a cognitive-scientific and historical context. Iteration 1 of CAM proposed a bottom-up process for analysis of musical and film ... More


A More Effectual Mode of Administration: The Constitution and the Origins of American Public Finance

Max M. Edling

in A Hercules in the Cradle: War, Money, and the American State, 1783-1867

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226181578
eISBN:
9780226181608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226181608.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The Constitution of the United States was first and foremost a reformed compact of union. It replaced the defunct Articles of Confederation with a working central government. In the so-called ... More


Simulation and the Structure of Emotional Memory: Learning from Arthur Miller’s After the Fall

Patrick Colm Hogan

in Cognitive Literary Science: Dialogues between Literature and Cognition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780190496869
eISBN:
9780190496883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190496869.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter begins from the premise that, when integrated with cognitive scientific findings, literature may contribute valuably to our general knowledge about the human mind, in this case the ... More


Kant’s Modal Metaphysics

Nicholas F. Stang

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198712626
eISBN:
9780191781100
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712626.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a study of Kant’s theory of possibility, starting from the so-called ‘pre-Critical’ period of the 1750s and 1760s, through the Critical system of philosophy Kant published in the 1780s ... More


The Mystery of Absolute Pitch: A Rare Ability That Involves Both Nature and Nurture

Diana Deutsch

in Musical Illusions and Phantom Words: How Music and Speech Unlock Mysteries of the Brain

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190206833
eISBN:
9780190056568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190206833.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Music Psychology

Chapter 6. discusses absolute pitch (or “perfect pitch”)—the rare ability to name a musical note in the absence of a reference note. It is argued that acquiring absolute pitch requires exposure to ... More


Extended Progressions in Theory-of-Mind Understanding

Henry M. Wellman

in Making Minds: How Theory of Mind Develops

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199334919
eISBN:
9780190207472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334919.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Theory of mind develops in progressive insights and conceptions. To help understand these progressions, this chapter introduces scaling sequences and the Theory-of-Mind Scale (ToM Scale), which ... More


Political Economy and the Making of the Customs System

Gautham Rao

in National Duties: Custom Houses and the Making of the American State

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226367071
eISBN:
9780226367101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226367101.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

The American Revolution left the young United States awash in debt and without a central government capable of raising revenue. Throughout the 1770s and 80s, a coterie of nationalists led by Robert ... More


The Crisis of the 1780s

Gordon S. Wood

in Power and Liberty: Constitutionalism in the American Revolution

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780197546918
eISBN:
9780197546949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197546918.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter describes the crisis that led to the calling of the convention that created the federal Constitution in 1787. Although the Articles of Confederation that united the thirteen states ... More


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