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Institutional Culture

Melanie M. Morey and John J. Piderit

in Catholic Higher Education: A Culture in Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195305517
eISBN:
9780199784813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305515.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter discusses how a pervasive institutional culture at Catholic colleges and universities has eroded in the absence of highly visible, knowledgeable, and committed nuns, brothers, and ... More


Critical Mass and Tipping

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter is about how some things catch on while others do not. These situations are explained by the model “critical mass,”sometimes referred to as the “bandwagon effect.” An explanation of ... More


On Mass and Movement: The Theory of the Critical Yeast

John Paul Lederach

in The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195174540
eISBN:
9780199835409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195174542.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses critical mass and social movements. It argues that critical mass is understood as a strategy for making things happen by mobilizing large numbers to effect a desired change. ... More


Beyond Doha: Conclusions and Prospects

Carsten Daugbjerg and Alan Swinbank

in Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199557752
eISBN:
9780191721922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557752.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter summarizes the book's theoretical contribution and most important findings. It also assesses the post-Doha trade agenda in light of the difficulties experienced in concluding the Doha ... More


Coordination Dilemmas and The Critical Mass Problem: Differentiating Colleague Valuation Between Incumbents and Challengers in the U.S. Senate

Kristin Kanthak

in The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Chapter 5 explores the reasons behind, and potential solutions for, asymmetric tokenism. The chapter shows that minority group members face a coordination problem when their group size grows to a ... More


Smooth and Lumpy Changes

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Conservatism and conformity lead to inertia and critical mass phenomena. As a consequence, smooth changes in circumstances may induce discontinuous changes in custom and give rise to phenomena of ... More


Adaptive Custom

Ekkehart Schlicht

in On Custom in the Economy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292241
eISBN:
9780191596865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292244.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics, History of Economic Thought

Because custom is only vaguely defined with respect to its scope and content, this gives rise to the problem of erosion: people will bend the rules of custom in ambiguous cases by slightly ... More


The Organizational Foundations of Democratic Representation

Kristin Kanthak

in The Diversity Paradox: Parties, Legislatures, and the Organizational Foundations of Representation in America

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199891726
eISBN:
9780199933433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199891726.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter concludes the book and provides some closing thoughts. The chapter explains how the results in the book indicate that the link between descriptive and substantive representation may not ... More


Gender and Green Governance: The Political Economy of Women's Presence Within and Beyond Community Forestry

Bina Agarwal

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569687
eISBN:
9780191721847
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569687.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

Economists studying environmental collective action and green governance have paid little attention to gender. Research on gender and green governance in other disciplines has focused mainly on ... More


The Impact Women Make

Judy B. Rosener

in America’s Competitive Secret: Women Managers

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195119145
eISBN:
9780199854882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119145.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Little information is available about the impact brought about by women leaders to companies, since women are rarely granted with high positions, especially in large institutions that are mostly ... More


Magnetism And Star Formation I

Leon Mestel

in Stellar Magnetism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526728
eISBN:
9780191707049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526728.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The magnetic virial theorem shows that for a cool, self-gravitating gas cloud with a large-scale, frozen-in magnetic field of total flux F, there exists a critical mass Mc αF/G1/2 , ... More


From Exclusion to Empowered Engagement

Bina Agarwal

in Gender and Green Governance: The Political Economy of Women's Presence Within and Beyond Community Forestry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569687
eISBN:
9780191721847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569687.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

The debate on the impact of women's proportional strength in decision-making bodies has focused mainly on whether it affects public policy priorities, in the context of western legislatures. This ... More


Magnetism And Star Formation II

Leon Mestel

in Stellar Magnetism

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198526728
eISBN:
9780191707049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526728.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The magnetic virial theorem shows that for a cool, self-gravitating gas cloud with a large-scale,frozen-in magnetic field of total flux F, there exists a critical mass Mc αF/G1/2 , ... More


Presence and Representation

Bina Agarwal

in Gender and Green Governance: The Political Economy of Women's Presence Within and Beyond Community Forestry

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199569687
eISBN:
9780191721847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569687.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter introduces the book and outlines its scope. It spells out the ideas that motivated the research, what we can learn from existing studies, and where the gaps lie. It also outlines the ... More


Building a “Critical Mass”: Neighborhood Parent Group Action for School Change

Linn Posey-Maddox

in When Middle-Class Parents Choose Urban Schools: Class, Race, and the Challenge of Equity in Public Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226120188
eISBN:
9780226120355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226120355.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter focuses on the influence of parents’ collective action and social networks in processes of school choice and urban school transformation. Specifically, the chapter examines the efforts ... More


Drift Politics

Jeff Ferrell

in Drift: Illicit Mobility and Uncertain Knowledge

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520295544
eISBN:
9780520968271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520295544.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The chapter begins by exploring the experiential politics of drift. Considering concepts and practices like the flâneur and the Situationist dérive, the chapter argues that drift can produce an ... More


Impediments to Doha Round Consensus and the Search for WTO Solutions

Kent Jones

in Reconstructing the World Trade Organization for the 21st Century: An Institutional Approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199366040
eISBN:
9780199366071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199366040.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Decision-making in the World Trade Organization (WTO) is based on consensus, which is difficult to achieve in a large organization, especially under the constraint of an all-or-nothing “single ... More


‘Almost a whisper’: black and minority ethnic community groups’ voice and influence

Phil Ware (ed.)

in Community Groups in Context: Local Activities and Actions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447327776
eISBN:
9781447327806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327776.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

The chapter is an examination of the voice and influence of Black and Minority Ethnic (BAME) community groups in rural and urban areas of England using primary research to analyse the experiences of ... More


The Creation of State Legislative Black Caucuses

Christopher J. Clark

in Gaining Voice: The Causes and Consequences of Black Representation in the American States

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190933562
eISBN:
9780190933593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933562.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Democratization

Black legislative caucuses allow blacks to leverage their strength in numbers and best advocate for shared interests. This chapter examines the conditions under which 32 state legislative black ... More


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