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Aesthetic Creation

Nick Zangwill

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261871
eISBN:
9780191718670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261871.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The first chapter addresses the criteria of adequacy of a theory of art. Chapters 2-5 are constructive — they advance a positive view of the nature of art, explore its consequences, and defend it ... More


*AN INTRODUCTION TO THE LOCALIZATION METHOD OF Γ-CONVERGENCE

Andrea Braides

in Gamma-Convergence for Beginners

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507840
eISBN:
9780191709890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507840.003.0017
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter provides an introduction to the localization method of Gamma-convergence. It presents a brief account of the localization methods of Gamma-convergence that allows for the proof of ... More


Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

L. Weiskrantz

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Damage to a particular area of the brain — the neocortex — is generally understood to result in blindness. Studies of some patients who have suffered from this form of blindness have nevertheless ... More


 Death

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a definition of “death” that accurately describes the way “death” and “dead” are used in both medicine and in everyday conversation. It discusses the characteristics of optimum ... More


Blueprints for Change: Devolution and Subsidiarity in the United States and the European Union

David Lazer and Viktor Mayer‐Schoenberger

in The Federal Vision: Legitimacy and Levels of Governance in the United States and the European Union

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245000
eISBN:
9780191599996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245002.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Examines the most recent attempts in both the USA and the EU to respond to attacks on the legitimacy of ‘federal’ governance by building into the legislative or regulatory processes a federalism or ... More


Ethics: and "The Nature of Moral Philosophy"

G. E. Moore

William H. Shaw (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199272013
eISBN:
9780191603181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272018.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book is a new edition of G.E. Moore’s Ethics, originally published in 1912. In it, Moore analyzes the utilitarian account of right and wrong in great detail, defending the doctrine that results ... More


The Active Leverage of the European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the EU’s active leverage, defined as the EU’s deliberate efforts to promote reform in candidate states moving towards EU membership. Active leverage ... More


Conclusion: Humanitarian Intervention after 11 September

Jennifer M. Welsh

in Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199267217
eISBN:
9780191601118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267219.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This concluding chapter assesses the debate over humanitarian intervention in the light of the events of September 11, 2001. On the one hand, it can be argued that 9/11 has reversed the momentum ... More


Understanding Human Knowledge: Philosophical Essays

Barry Stroud

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252138
eISBN:
9780191598500
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252130.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A collection of seminal papers written by eminent epistemologist and metaphysician Barry Stroud, published over the past 35 years. The main task Stroud explores in the essays is, as the title ... More


Aristotle's Theory of Matter

David Bostock

in Space, Time, Matter, and Form: Essays on Aristotle's Physics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199286867
eISBN:
9780191603532
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286868.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This essay opens with a summary of Aristotle’s general position on matter and change, which leads to the question: What is the criterion of identity that we apparently need to make sense of the idea ... More


Conclusion

Mary Anne Warren

in Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250401
eISBN:
9780191681295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250401.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a few concluding remarks about the goal of achieving a greater consensus in our judgements of moral status. It argues that adopting a multi-criterial theory of moral status does ... More


Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

What in our theoretical pronouncements commits us to objects? The Quinean standard for ontological commitment involves (nearly enough) commitments when we utter “there is” or “there are” statements ... More


 Objections and Replies

David B. Wong

in Natural Moralities: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305395
eISBN:
9780199786657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305396.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter responds to the following objections against pluralistic relativism: it is unable to explain moral disagreement; it undermines confidence in one’s moral commitments; it makes learning ... More


Philosophical Issues in the Levels‐of‐Selection Debate

Samir Okasha

in Evolution and the Levels of Selection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199267972
eISBN:
9780191708275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267972.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter aims to resolve several outstanding philosophical debates over the levels of selection. A number of suggested criteria in the literature for determining the ‘real’ level(s) of selection ... More


Reforms to the Agents and Mechanisms of Humanitarian Intervention

James Pattison

in Humanitarian Intervention and the Responsibility To Protect: Who Should Intervene?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199561049
eISBN:
9780191722318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561049.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

From the discussion in the previous chapters, it is clear that we need to improve the agents and mechanisms of humanitarian intervention so that we can legitimately tackle egregious violations of ... More


Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Matthias Steup (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gathers 11 new and 3 previously published essays, all of which bear on questions having to do with epistemic justification, responsibility, and virtue. In the Introduction, Steup provides a summary ... More


Truth and Human Nature

Robert Hanna

in Kant, Science, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285549
eISBN:
9780191713965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285549.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter develops and defends four claims about Kant's theory of truth. The first is that Kant holds that ‘the accordance of my cognition with its object’ is the strictly and analytically ... More


Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties I: Substance Sortals and Essential Sortals

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines versions of so-called ‘sortal essentialism’. This is the view that some sortal concepts (roughly, concepts that provide criteria of identity or principles of individuation) ... More


Italy Rescue from Without?

Maurizio Ferrera and Elisabetta Gualmini

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Italy's economic and employment problems were to a large extent home made, whereas external economic and political pressures did facilitate internal revitalization. While export‐oriented industries ... More


Delegation and Commission Leadership in Economic and Monetary Union

David Howarth

in Leaderless Europe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199535026
eISBN:
9780191715860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535026.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Monetary integration through the Maastricht Treaty in European Union was achieved by delegation to the Commission. This was fuelled by the need for centralised expertise to coordinate complex change ... More


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