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How We Hinder: Legal and Practical Barriers to Reintegration

Joan Petersilia

in When Prisoners Come Home: Parole and Prisoner Reentry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160864
eISBN:
9780199943395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160864.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter discusses the growing number of citizens who have criminal records and the ways in which those records are increasingly being openly shared with the public. It also reviews the evidence ... More


The Digital Turn

Sarah Esther Lageson

in Digital Punishment: Privacy, Stigma, and the Harms of Data-Driven Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190872007
eISBN:
9780190872038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190872007.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Recent decades have witnessed a digital turn in criminal justice processing that has contributed to the creation and dissemination of millions of criminal records per year, impacting both criminal ... More


The Typology of Criminals

O.P. Mishra

in Policing Delhi: Urbanization, Crime, and Law Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075950
eISBN:
9780199080892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075950.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter attempts to classify criminals in Delhi using three broad parameters, which are studied in the following sections. The first is on the statistical analysis of criminals who were arrested ... More


Introduction

Sarah Esther Lageson

in Digital Punishment: Privacy, Stigma, and the Harms of Data-Driven Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190872007
eISBN:
9780190872038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190872007.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Data-driven criminal justice creates millions of records each year in the United States. Documenting everything from a police stop to a prison sentence, these records take on a digital life of their ... More


Laws

Sarah Esther Lageson

in Digital Punishment: Privacy, Stigma, and the Harms of Data-Driven Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190872007
eISBN:
9780190872038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190872007.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

In this chapter, current legal and policy responses to digital punishment are discussed, documenting the government’s regulatory ineffectiveness with regard to policing these operations and the ways ... More


Effectof Employer Access to Criminal History Data on the Labor Market Outcomes of Ex-Offenders and Non-Offenders

Keith Finlay

in Studies of Labor Market Intermediation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226032887
eISBN:
9780226032900
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226032900.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines how expanded employer access to criminal history data influences the labor market outcomes of ex-offenders and nonoffenders. The research design used in this chapter is similar ... More


What the Brady Law Says

James B. Jacobs

in Can Gun Control Work?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176582
eISBN:
9780199850020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176582.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explains what the Brady Law provides for and how it is supposed to work. It sets forth the details of the Brady Law and explains the significance of the Supreme Court's Printz decision ... More


Employment Resolution: Human Rights Commission of the City and County of San Francisco

All of Us or None

in Interrupted Life: Experiences of Incarcerated Women in the United States

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520252493
eISBN:
9780520944565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520252493.003.0077
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

People with criminal records suffer from pervasive discrimination in many areas of life—employment, housing, education, and eligibility for many forms of social benefits. In order to mitigate or ... More


Indelible stains: convict criminology and criminal records

Rod Earle

in Convict Criminology: Inside and Out

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447323648
eISBN:
9781447323662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447323648.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers how criminal convictions disqualify a person from full citizenship and seeks to redress the relative criminological neglect of the lasting impact of criminal stigma. It ... More


Conclusion

O.P. Mishra

in Policing Delhi: Urbanization, Crime, and Law Enforcement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198075950
eISBN:
9780199080892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075950.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This concluding chapter discusses the importance of the police. It provides an evaluation of the overall performance of the Delhi police and an analysis of police station-wise crime. The chapter also ... More


Digital Punishment: Privacy, Stigma, and the Harms of Data-Driven Criminal Justice

Sarah Esther Lageson

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190872007
eISBN:
9780190872038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190872007.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Data-driven criminal justice operations creates millions of criminal records each year in the United States. Documenting everything from a police stop to a prison sentence, these records take on a ... More


Juvenile Criminal Record Confidentiality

James B. Jacobs

in Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9781479816873
eISBN:
9781479863402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479816873.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter focuses on juvenile criminal records—an often neglected topic in the history of American juvenile justice. The history of juvenile justice has always been court-centric, paying much less ... More


Criminalization, Social Exclusion, and Access to Employment

Marilyn J Pittard

in Criminality at Work

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780198836995
eISBN:
9780191873867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836995.003.0024
Subject:
Law, Employment Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter provides a critical analysis of the impact of criminalization practices on access to employment in Australia, the United States, and the United Kingdom. As increasing numbers of citizens ... More


Conclusion: Forgiving and Forgetting

Sarah Esther Lageson

in Digital Punishment: Privacy, Stigma, and the Harms of Data-Driven Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190872007
eISBN:
9780190872038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190872007.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

In the digitally connected world, people are confronted with an incredible array of information about one another. The US criminal justice system has become a central source for the data people use ... More


Sentenced Individuals' Reactions to the Recidivist Sentencing Premium

Roberts Julian V

in Punishing Persistent Offenders: Exploring Community and Offender Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199283897
eISBN:
9780191700262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283897.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter turns to the critical question of the practice of imposing harsher sentences on recidivists. It describes participants' general reaction to the concept of harsher sentencing for repeat ... More


The Defense Case

Daniel Givelber and Amy Farrell

in Not Guilty: Are the Acquitted Innocent?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814732175
eISBN:
9780814725344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814732175.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter analyzes how judges and juries responded to defendants' evidence as they determined guilt or innocence. One may as easily attribute the differing reactions when outside witnesses testify ... More


Reductivist Sentencing Perspectives and the Role of Previous Convictions

Roberts Julian V

in Punishing Persistent Offenders: Exploring Community and Offender Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199283897
eISBN:
9780191700262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283897.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter explores the relevance of previous convictions for a number of criminal sentencing objectives and perspectives, including individual and general deterrence, incapacitation, and ... More


Character in the Criminal Trial

Mike Redmayne

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199228898
eISBN:
9780191746765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228898.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book examines the use of a defendant's character in the criminal trial. It looks at the use of character evidence to prove guilt and as a factor affecting sentence. It also discusses character ... More


Punishing Character

Mike Redmayne

in Character in the Criminal Trial

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199228898
eISBN:
9780191746765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228898.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter starts by looking closely at some of the ways in which criminal record and other forms of character evidence impact on sentencing in England and Wales, before moving on to justificatory ... More


Character and Prejudice

Mike Redmayne

in Character in the Criminal Trial

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199228898
eISBN:
9780191746765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228898.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines one of the key objections to admitting character evidence: that it is prejudicial. It also explains the concept of comparative propensity, which is used as the basis to explain ... More


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