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Fire in the Heart: How White Activists Embrace Racial Justice

Mark R. Warren

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199751242
eISBN:
9780199943326
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751242.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This book uncovers the dynamic processes through which some white Americans become activists for racial justice, reporting accounts of the development of racial awareness drawn from in-depth ... More


Politics, Policy, and Contributions

Peter Dunbar and Mike Haridopolos

in The Modern Republican Party in Florida

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780813066127
eISBN:
9780813058337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813066127.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The structure of Florida’s government and the state’s public policies have been transformed during the modern two-party era, and the chapter identifies the contributions made by the Republican ... More


Unlocking the Doors

Anne E. Parsons

in From Asylum to Prison: Deinstitutionalization and the Rise of Mass Incarceration after 1945

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469640631
eISBN:
9781469640655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640631.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter traces how the number of people in mental health institutions began to decline in the 1950s. It examines Pennsylvania as a case study and finds that riots and scandals at mental ... More


The Politics of Violence

Katherine Beckett

in Ending Mass Incarceration: Why it Persists and How to Achieve Meaningful Reform

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
February 2022
ISBN:
9780197536575
eISBN:
9780197536605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197536575.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter shows that the issue of violence poses political and cultural challenges that are a significant obstacle to criminal legal reform. These challenges are even more difficult to surmount ... More


Democratic Innovation in Criminal Justice

Albert W. Dzur

in Democracy Inside: Participatory Innovation in Unlikely Places

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190658663
eISBN:
9780190919214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190658663.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

Criminal justice institutions contain multiple access points for innovation, and the professionals working in them have normative, political, and economic motivations for improvement. While dominant ... More


Revolutionary times? The changing landscape of prisoner resettlement

Emma Wincup

in Social Policy Review 29: Analysis and Debate in Social Policy, 2017

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781447336211
eISBN:
9781447336235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447336211.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter looks at how the extended period of fiscal readjustment has changed the landscape of the prisons system, with new providers, new governance mechanisms, and promises of radical reform. ... More


Guiding Judicial Discretion: Extralegal Punishment Factors

Paul H. Robinson

in Intuitions of Justice and the Utility of Desert

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199917723
eISBN:
9780199332854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917723.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

The criminal law's formal criteria for assessing punishment are typically contained in criminal codes, the rules of which fix an offender's liability and the grade of the offense. A look at how the ... More


Monumental Promises, Incremental Gains: Criminal Justice Reform in the Obama Era

Khalilah L. Brown-Dean

in After Obama: African American Politics in a Post-Obama Era

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9781479807277
eISBN:
9781479896578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479807277.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

There were growing public demands to address ongoing tensions over biased policing, excessive sentencing, and the often lethal consequences of disproportionate minority contact. However, the Obama ... More


A New Enforcement Terrain: Criminal Justice Reforms and Border Security

Patrisia Macías-Rojas

in From Deportation to Prison: The Politics of Immigration Enforcement in Post-Civil Rights America

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781479804665
eISBN:
9781479858422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479804665.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The concluding chapter reflects on the Department of Justice’s recent criminal justice reforms, and the Department of Homeland Security’s new Priority Enforcement Program, designed to target “felons, ... More


Epilogue: The American Way of Criminal Process

Darryl K. Brown

in Free Market Criminal Justice: How Democracy and Laissez Faire Undermine the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190457877
eISBN:
9780190457907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190457877.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Company and Commercial Law

This concluding chapter connects three broad developments in American society over the past forty years—a sharp rise in income inequality, a sharp rise in political polarization, and a sharp rise in ... More


Criminal Law at the Crossroads: The Need for a Code

Mary Arden

in Common Law and Modern Society: Keeping Pace with Change

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755845
eISBN:
9780191816970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755845.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter argues that systematic reform of the criminal law is necessary and overdue. Criminal law profoundly affects the relationship between the individual and the state; it therefore ought to ... More


“The Lightning of Possible Storms”: Theories of Social Change

Sharon D. Welch

in After the Protests are Heard: Enacting Civic Engagement and Social Transformation

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781479883646
eISBN:
9781479840571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479883646.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Once we recognize that a situation is unjust, once we grant the imperative of including the voices and experiences of all peoples, how then do we work together to build just and creative ... More


Communal Legislation and the Pursuit of Divine Justice

Lidia Luisa Zanetti Domingues

in Confession and Criminal Justice in Late Medieval Italy: Siena, 1260-1330

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780192844866
eISBN:
9780191937224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192844866.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Chapter 5 focuses on lay views of criminal justice as expressed in Sienese ‘programmatic’ texts such as statutes. It aims to challenge the idea, expressed by some scholars of the Italian city-states, ... More


What Is to Be Done about Separation/Divorce Violence against Women?

Walter S. Dekeseredy, Molly Dragiewicz, and Martin D. Schwartz

in Abusive Endings: Separation and Divorce Violence against Women

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780520285743
eISBN:
9780520961159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285743.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter argues that a single strategy will not end the atrocities committed both by men continuing their abuse after separation and by those who were not abusive during a relationship but became ... More


Afterword: “Without a Wrinkle in Today”: An Ode to “Young Forever”

Carl Suddler

in Presumed Criminal: Black Youth and the Justice System in Postwar New York

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479847624
eISBN:
9781479812691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479847624.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses contemporary manifestations of racial criminalization of black youths in the context of personal interests in the subject. The tragedies of Trayvon Martin, Michael Brown, and ... More


Conclusion: Big Data as Social

Sarah Brayne

in Predict and Surveil: Data, Discretion, and the Future of Policing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780190684099
eISBN:
9780190684129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190684099.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Science, Technology and Environment

This concluding chapter reflects on the major lessons learned from this book. The Los Angeles Police Department’s continued use of big data policing underscores the primary argument running through ... More


The Toxic Impact of Life Behind Bars: Regina Yang Chen, MUP, Senior Director, MASS Design Group Jim Parsons, MSc, Vice President and Research Director, Vera Institute of Justice Kempis Songster, Communicator Lead, Amistad Law Project; Co-Founder, Ubuntu Philadelphia; Founding Member, Right 2 Redemption and Coalition to Abolish Death by Incarceration Homer Venters, MD, MS, Author of Life and Death in Rikers Island; former Chief Medical Officer, New York City Correctional Health Services Sara Wakefield, PhD, MS, Associate Professor, School of Criminal Justice, Rutgers University

Alonzo L. Plough (ed.)

in Community Resilience: Equitable Practices for an Uncertain Future

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
April 2021
ISBN:
9780197559383
eISBN:
9780197559413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197559383.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 5 unpacks some key components of the damaging environment of prison and considers what a different approach to incarceration might look like. Researcher Jim Parsons provides an overview of ... More


Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Jules Lobel and Peter Scharff Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The use of solitary confinement in prisons became common with the rise of the modern penitentiary during the first half of the nineteenth century and his since remained a feature of many prison ... More


Solitary Confinement—From Extreme Isolation to Prison Reform

Jules Lobel and Peter Scharff Smith

in Solitary Confinement: Effects, Practices, and Pathways toward Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780190947927
eISBN:
9780190947934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190947927.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

For nearly two centuries the practice of solitary confinement has been a recurring feature in many prison systems all over the world. Solitary confinement is used for a panoply of different reasons ... More


Concluding Thoughts and Implications

Banks Miller and Brett Curry

in U.S. Attorneys, Political Control, and Career Ambition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190928247
eISBN:
9780190928278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190928247.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Legal Profession and Ethics

This chapter revisits key findings presented throughout the book. The results indicate a clear pattern of executive influence on the work of U.S. Attorneys (USAs). Additional results suggest that ... More


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