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Criminal Career Patterns

Alex Piquero, J. David Hawkins, and Lila Kazemian

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

The empirical study of longitudinal patterns of criminal activity committed by offenders has been a central focus in criminology. Descriptive analysis of the nature of criminal offending has led to ... More


Making a Federal Case of It

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Over the years, Congress has consistently increased the jurisdiction of federal courts over crime, from 17 specified offenses when the nation was founded to several thousand now. More than 40% of ... More


Overview, Conclusions, and Key Recommendations

Rolf Loeber, David P. Farrington, James C. Howell, and Machteld Hoeve

in From Juvenile Delinquency to Adult Crime: Criminal Careers, Justice Policy and Prevention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199828166
eISBN:
9780199951208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199828166.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

Section I of this chapter summarizes the most important points of Chapters 2 to 5 and relevant portions of Chapter 10 (which concerns European issues) by addressing key findings that are relevant for ... More


Understanding Persistent Offending: Linking Developmental Psychology with Research on the Criminal Career

Joanne Savage

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In recent years we have come to know that a small percentage of individuals commit about half of all the crime that occurs. This finding has inspired a significant amount of work in the area of ... More


The Development of Persistent Criminality

Joanne Savage (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This volume addresses one of the most pressing problems of modern criminology: Why do some individuals become chronic, persistent offenders? Chronic offenders are responsible for the majority of ... More


Research on Criminal Careers, Part 1: Contributions, Opportunities, and Needs

Alfred Blumstein

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter summarizes key quantitative aspects of criminal career studies, including such parameters as initiation, duration, and termination, and in between, frequency, seriousness of the ... More


Sanction Threats and Desistance from Criminality

KiDeuk Kim

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Punishment has long been seen as a social institution which is first and last a matter of morality and social solidarity (Garland, 1990). In exploring how an individual develops criminality over ... More


Criminal Career Research, Mathematical Models, and Testing Quantitative Predictions from Theories

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Criminal career research conducted over the past 40 years is reviewed with a focus on theories and mathematical models leading to quantitative predictions. Starting in the 1970s The evolution of ... More


Research on Criminal Careers, Part 2: Looking Back to Predict Ahead

Alex R. Piquero

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter uses David Farrington’s Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development as an example of a study that has generated hundreds of papers and several books relevant to criminal career research. ... More


Pushing Back the Frontiers of Knowledge on Desistance from Crime

Lila Kazemian

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter summarizes current knowledge about desistance, the study of which has moved from event to process analyses based on a combination of social and cognitive factors. It argues that future ... More


Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Persistent Female Offending: A Review of Theory and Research

Asha Goldweber, Lisa M. Broidy, and Elizabeth Cauffman

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews evidence documenting a persistent female offender group and their characteristics. Though small, this group has some defining characteristics. Overall, the evidence shows that ... More


Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

John F. MacLeod, Peter Grove, and David Farrington

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Explaining Criminal Careers presents a simple quantitative theory of crime, conviction and reconviction, the assumptions of the theory are derived directly from a detailed analysis of cohort samples ... More


Criminology: Science + Policy Analysis

Alfred Blumstein

in What is Criminology?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571826
eISBN:
9780191728839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571826.003.0032
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

This chapter highlights some important interactions between scientific knowledge about offenders and their criminal careers, and the implications of that knowledge for developing more intelligent ... More


Group-Based Trajectory Modeling of Externalizing Behavior Problems from Childhood through Adulthood: Exploring Discrepancies in the Empirical Findings

Manfred H.M. van Dulmen, Elizabeth A. Goncy, Andrea Vest, and Daniel J. Flannery

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to investigate whether there are systematic factors that may help explain the large discrepancy in findings from group-based trajectory modeling studies of offending. ... More


Summary and Conclusions

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The analysis and theories developed in this volume are summarised, highlighting the success of the theory in providing explanations for many of the accepted features of criminal careers, epitomised ... More


Educational Achievement among Incarcerated Youth: Post-Release Schooling, Employment, and Crime Desistance

Thomas G. Blomberg, William D. Bales, and Courtney A. Waid

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Prior research has shown a positive relationship between education, employment, and crime desistance for the general adolescent population. Notably absent from the prior literature have been studies ... More


Prisons, Deterrence, and Incapacitation: A View from a Prevention Perspective

Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi

in Modern Control Theory and the Limits of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190069797
eISBN:
9780190069834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069797.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Gerontology and Ageing

Modern control theory doubts the effectiveness of criminal sanctions to affect the crime rate substantially. This view is contrasted with the expectations of the criminal career perspective, a ... More


Criminological Theory: Past Achievements and Future Challenges

Terence P. Thornberry

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter reviews the state of past monothematic, and current multithematic and multidisciplinary, integrated theories of crime, particularly developmental and life course theories explaining why ... More


Character in the Criminal Trial

Mike Redmayne

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199228898
eISBN:
9780191746765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228898.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book examines the use of a defendant's character in the criminal trial. It looks at the use of character evidence to prove guilt and as a factor affecting sentence. It also discusses character ... More


Age Matters

Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi

in Modern Control Theory and the Limits of Criminal Justice

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190069797
eISBN:
9780190069834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190069797.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance, Gerontology and Ageing

This chapter presents a review of the research and theorizing about age and crime as depicted in control theory. It critiques psychological and sociological studies of the meaning of the age–crime ... More


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