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Behavioral Genetics: The Science of Antisocial Behavior

Laura A. Baker, Serena Bezdjian, and Adrian Raine

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the methodologies and results of behavioral genetics studies, focusing on traits such as antisocial behavior, aggression, and behaviors associated with criminal conduct. It ... More


The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Nita A. Farahany (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

New discoveries from neuroscience and behavioral genetics are besieging criminal law. Novel scientific perspectives on criminal behavior could transform the criminal justice system and yet are being ... More


Genetic Predictions of Future Dangerousness: Is there a Blueprint for Violence?

Erica Beecher-Monas and Edgar Garcia-Rill

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter begins with a discussion and critique of the courts' use of future dangerousness predictions in sentencing and postsentence commitment proceedings for capital murderers and sex offenders ... More


The Insecurity State: Vulnerable Autonomy and the Right to Security in the Criminal Law

Peter Ramsay

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199581061
eISBN:
9780191741005
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581061.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This book presents a theory of the recent emergence of a right to security and of its protection by the criminal law in the UK. It states that the protection of such a right makes sense of the ... More


Genomics, Behavior, and Testimony at Criminal Trials

William Bernet and Anas Alkhatib

in The Impact of Behavioral Sciences on Criminal Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195340525
eISBN:
9780199867219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340525.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter describes how testimony regarding behavioral genomics is currently used in legal settings and how it may be used in the future. It focuses on three ways in which a specific individual's ... More


Neuroscience and Criminal Responsibility: Proving ‘Can't Help Himself’ as a Narrow Bar to Criminal Liability

Henry T. Greely

in Law and Neuroscience: Current Legal Issues Volume 13

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199599844
eISBN:
9780191725227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599844.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter focuses on the claim that the criminal defendant ‘can't help himself’, asking specifically ‘how could such a claim be proven’? It argues that for a defendant to mount the defence that he ... More


The Promise of Evolutionary Psychology for Criminology: The Examples of Gender and Age

Anthony Walsh and Kevin M. Beaver

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter begins with a discussion of the evolution of traits related to criminal behavior. It then discusses the basic assumptions of evolutionary theories of crime and the two best demographic ... More


Crime Over the Life Course: The Empirical Implications of Three Theories

Michael E. Ezell and Lawrence E. Cohen

in Desisting from Crime: Continuity and Change in Long-term Crime Patterns of Serious Chronic Offenders

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199273812
eISBN:
9780191699702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273812.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter discusses the general population heterogeneity, state dependence, and ‘mixed’ explanations of criminal behaviour. Three specific theoretical perspectives are considered: Gottfredson and ... More


Risk-Taking, Antisocial Behavior, and Life Histories

Sandeep Mishra and Martin L. LalumiÈre

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter examines the ultimate causes of risk-taking and anti-social behavior. It begins by describing three general developmental pathways to anti-social tendencies. It then introduces life ... More


Reducing Crime Evolutionarily

Lee Ellis

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

Most criminologists only study social influences on criminal behavior. That narrow-minded tradition should be in our past; the era of neurologically specific theories has arrived. These are theories ... More


Proactive Forensic Profiling: Proactive Criminalization?

Mireille Hildebrandt

in The Boundaries of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199600557
eISBN:
9780191729171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600557.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Chapter 4 dealt with the question of how the boundaries of the criminal law are being pushed by the developments of noncriminal policies. This chapter considers the problem of how these boundaries ... More


Theft

Satoshi Kanazawa

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses how an evolutionary psychological perspective can shed new theoretical light on theft and other property crimes. An evolutionary psychological perspective can simultaneously ... More


Freedom from Fear

Peter Ramsay

in The Insecurity State: Vulnerable Autonomy and the Right to Security in the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199581061
eISBN:
9780191741005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581061.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter considers what is distinctive about the Anti-Social Behaviour Order (ASBO) by comparing it with Section 5 of the Public Order Act 1986. It shows that the ASBO penalizes not individual ... More


Did the Victim Deserve to Die?: Darwin Goes to Court

Thomson J. Anderson Jr.

in Evolutionary Forensic Psychology: Darwinian Foundations of Crime and Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195325188
eISBN:
9780199893805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325188.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter argues that although there are few judges, civil litigators, criminal defense lawyers, prosecutors, and clinicians familiar with evolutionary psychology, this will change as evolutionary ... More


Criminal Wrongs in Historical Perspective *

Lindsay Farmer

in The Boundaries of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199600557
eISBN:
9780191729171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600557.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the concepts of wrong and wrongdoing, rather than on the concept of harm. But while much of the current literature has tended to revolve around the question of what role ... More


Who Are Criminals? A Review

in Criminals and Victims

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804762526
eISBN:
9780804777599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804762526.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Crime economic research seeks to understand why crime occurs and what mechanism can reduce its incidence or its consequences. This chapter gives a focused review of economic literature relating to ... More


A Philosophy of the Social Construction of Crime

David Polizzi

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447327325
eISBN:
9781447327646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327325.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

It is well known that the social definition of individuals and ethnic groups helps legitimize how they are addressed by law enforcement. The philosophy of the social construction of crime and ... More


Explaining Public Attitudes: The Intuitive Sentencer and the Intuitive Psychologist

Roberts Julian V

in Punishing Persistent Offenders: Exploring Community and Offender Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199283897
eISBN:
9780191700262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283897.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Establishing that the public reject a policy which excludes consideration of an offender's previous convictions at sentencing is insufficient; we need to better understand the psychology and ... More


Restorative justice: promises and pathways

Carol Hayden and Dennis Gough

in Implementing restorative justice in children's residential care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847426482
eISBN:
9781447302568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426482.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter reviews some of the main themes within the vast literature on restorative justice (RJ). It traces the rise of the concept and the main areas where RJ is seen as a more satisfactory way ... More


Decreasing Delinquency, Criminal Behavior, and Recidivism by Intervening on Psychological Factors Other Than Cognitive Ability: A Review of the Intervention Literature

Patrick L. Hill, Brent W. Roberts, Jeffrey T. Grogger, Guryan Jonathan, and Karen Sixkiller

in Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226115122
eISBN:
9780226115139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226115139.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews studies on interventions aimed at reducing the risk of criminal behavior, and which focus on changing psychological factors other than cognitive ability. These include short-term ... More


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