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How Might Surveillance Measures Reduce Crime?

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter investigates how surveillance measures can reduce crime. It explains that public-area surveillance falls under the category of situational-crime prevention, which stands apart from these ... More


The Ethics of Plea Bargaining

Richard L. Lippke

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199641468
eISBN:
9780191732195
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641468.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The Ethics of Plea Bargaining offers a sustained argument for restrained forms of plea bargaining and against the freewheeling kinds of it that predominate in the United States. Rewards ... More


Waiver Rewards and the Reduction of Crime

Richard L. Lippke

in The Ethics of Plea Bargaining

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199641468
eISBN:
9780191732195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641468.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Large and variable waiver rewards have also been defended on the grounds that they enable state officials to process significantly more criminal cases given their fixed resources, thereby ... More


Conclusions and Future Directions

Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington

in Making Public Places Safer: Surveillance and Crime Prevention

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195326215
eISBN:
9780199943999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326215.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter offers some concluding thoughts and identifies future directions to help make public places safer in this age of surveillance. It suggests that there are other forms of surveillance ... More


Remorse and Waiver Rewards

Richard L. Lippke

in The Ethics of Plea Bargaining

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199641468
eISBN:
9780191732195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641468.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Waiver rewards have also been defended on the grounds that the mitigation of punishment is appropriate when individuals are truly contrite about the wrongs which they have committed. The chapter ... More


The Case for Retributive Sentencing

Richard L. Lippke

in Rethinking Imprisonment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199209125
eISBN:
9780191695766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209125.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Chapter 1 developed and defended the retributive aim of punishment employed in this book. Although it was conceded that crime reduction is also a justifying purpose of punishment, efforts to reduce ... More


Education Policy and Crime

Lance Lochner

in Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226115122
eISBN:
9780226115139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226115139.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews evidence that education-based policies and early childhood interventions play an important role in reducing crime. It first discusses the relationship between education and crime ... More


Rethinking Imprisonment

Richard L. Lippke

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199209125
eISBN:
9780191695766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209125.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Drawing on philosophical arguments, criminological evidence, and the legal literature on prisoners' rights, this book defends a normative theory of imprisonment. Such a theory provides an account of ... More


The Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) Model of Correctional Assessment and Treatment

D. A. (Don) Andrews

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter presents the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model of correctional assessment and treatment in three major sections. The first section outlines principles of effective crime reduction, ... More


Legalising drugs: Debates and dilemmas

Philip Bean

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847423757
eISBN:
9781447302698
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847423757.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Government policy has steadfastly been against drug legalisation, but increasingly critics have argued that this is unsustainable. This book is a timely examination of the issues this raises. ... More


Criminal Policy Implications

John F. Macleod, Peter G. Grove, and David P. Farrington

in Explaining Criminal Careers: Implications for Justice Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199697243
eISBN:
9780191781568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697243.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The offender characteristics highlighted by the analysis and modelling of the previous chapters are reiterated and the areas where policy might influence crime identified and reviewed. One particular ... More


Addressing System Inertia to Effect Change

McGuire James

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0067
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter puts forwards proposals for the reform of criminal justice systems and services and considers how they can be put into effect. Such proposals should first take into account social ... More


Putting Science to Work: How the Principles of Risk, Need, and Responsivity Apply to Reentry

Susan Turner and Joan Petersilia

in Using Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195384642
eISBN:
9780199914609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384642.003.0055
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter focuses on prisoner reentry and/or community supervision on parole. Besides discussing the applicability of Risk-Need-Responsivity principles to the parole context, it also draws ... More


Criminal justice: using evidence to reduce crime

Sandra Nutley and Huw Davies

in What works?: Evidence-based policy and practice in public services

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861341914
eISBN:
9781447304265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861341914.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Within the criminal justice system, there is renewed interest in the role that evidence can play in shaping crime reduction policies and practices. This chapter charts the shift from the conclusion ... More


Parsimony and the Sentencing of Multiple Offenders

Richard L. Lippke

in Sentencing for Multiple Crimes

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190607609
eISBN:
9780190607630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190607609.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the principle of parsimony (PP) as it applies to the sentencing of multiple offenders. It first explains what the PP means and challenges its basic assumptions as an ... More


Why tackle anti-social behaviour?

Jessica Jacobson, Andrew Millie, and Mike Hough

in ASBO nation: The criminalisation of nuisance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420282
eISBN:
9781447301493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420282.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Governments vary over place and time in their enthusiasm for cracking down on anti-social behaviour (ASB). It is therefore reasonable to ask why they should take on this responsibility, and why they ... More


Retained Civil Rights

Richard L. Lippke

in Rethinking Imprisonment

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199209125
eISBN:
9780191695766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199209125.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter first outlines the interests of individuals that ground the rights to freedom of conscience, speech, and political participation. It argues that there is considerable, though not ... More


“Own the Place, Own the Crime” Prevention: How Evidence about Place-Based Crime Shifts the Burden of Prevention

John E. Eck and Rob T. Guerette

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

When police focus on small high-crime areas—hot spots—they can reduce crime, at least in the short term. But what about interventions that alter the physical and social environment of the place and ... More


The Home Office at the Turn of the Century

Paul Rock

in Constructing Victims' Rights: The Home Office, New Labour, and Victims

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199275496
eISBN:
9780191699832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275496.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines the formal organization of the Home Office and its role in protecting victims' rights during the period from 1997 to 2001. It describes the reforms initiated by Home Secretary ... More


Is urban regeneration criminogenic?

Lynn Hancock

in Securing an urban renaissance: Crime, community, and British urban policy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348159
eISBN:
9781447303329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348159.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter examines some of the taken-for-granted assumptions in the relationship between urban regeneration and crime and disorder reduction, and opens them up to critical scrutiny. It takes a ... More


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