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Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America

Stephen Prothero

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208162
eISBN:
9780520929746
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208162.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Just one hundred years ago, Americans almost universally condemned cremation. Today, nearly one-quarter of Americans choose to be cremated. The practice has gained wide acceptance as a funeral rite, ... More


Quarantine

James C. Mohr

in Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

On December 13, the Board of Health imposed a quarantine around the Chinatown district of Honolulu along with a mandatory clean-up inside it. This brought hardship to those confined and evoked ... More


Artistic Investigations and the Elderly Subject

Karen Chase

in The Victorians and Old Age

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199564361
eISBN:
9780191722592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199564361.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Under the rubric of ‘portraiture’ Chapters 5 and 6 examine images of the elderly in analytic or narrative prose, in the fine arts, and in popular representations in an attempt to analyze the ... More


Keeping the Dead in Place: Old and New Patterns of Consumption

Gary Laderman

in Rest in Peace: A Cultural History of Death and the Funeral Home in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195183559
eISBN:
9780199850198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183559.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Without question, Jessica Mitford's book The American Way of Death was a turning point in the history of American funerals, leading to heightened public awareness about the costs of disposal, the ... More


Final Frontiers: Into the Twenty-First Century

Gary Laderman

in Rest in Peace: A Cultural History of Death and the Funeral Home in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195183559
eISBN:
9780199850198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183559.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

One of the most easily recognizable characters in American consciousness—the Grim Reaper—has recently been resurrected not by leaders in the church but through advertising. The figure of the Grim ... More


Funeral Reform and the Cremation Debate

Pat Jalland

in Death in the Victorian Family

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201885
eISBN:
9780191675058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201885.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses and explores the different rituals, conducts, and forms of funerals of the middle and upper class Victorians. The first section of the chapter discusses the funeral ... More


Defending German Health: Technical Solutions

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0025
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Confident in an imminent German victory in 1918, Prussia's medical department planned elaborate sanitary measures on the extended frontiers. The returning troops and civilians were to undergo a ... More


Delousing and the Holocaust

Paul Julian Weindling

in Epidemics and Genocide in Eastern Europe, 1890–1945

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206910
eISBN:
9780191677373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206910.003.0041
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Typhus became virtually extinct in Germany before World War II, but during the war it rocketed to levels at least as high as during the World War I. It is hard to know whether the initially low rates ... More


The Business of Cremation

Stephen Prothero

in Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208162
eISBN:
9780520929746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208162.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Nonprofit cremation societies yielded to profit businesses, and making the case for cremation took a back seat to building and operating crematories. The business of cremation was becoming business ... More


Her Twenty-First-Century Memorial Service, His Twentieth-Century Funeral

Denise Carson

in Parting Ways: New Rituals and Celebrations of Life's Passing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520251083
eISBN:
9780520949416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520251083.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, American and Canadian Cultural Anthropology

The author, in this chapter, recollects some of her memories of her parents' death. She presents a bad experience she had with the employees who came from the funeral home to take her mother's body ... More


Funerals as Festivals the Irony of Festivity around Death and its Americanness

Jacqueline S. Thursby

in Funeral Festivals in America: Rituals for the Living

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123806
eISBN:
9780813134949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123806.003.0002
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter examines the practice of funerals as festivals in the U.S. and comments on the irony of festivity around death and its Americanness. The events surrounding mourning, memorial or funeral ... More


Looking Forward

Jacqueline S. Thursby

in Funeral Festivals in America: Rituals for the Living

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813123806
eISBN:
9780813134949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813123806.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter speculates on the future developments of funerary rites and rituals and the commemoration of the dead in the U.S. It mentions a company called Alcor that provides a service to the ... More


A specialist: the daily work of Erich Muhsfeldt, chief of the crematorium at Majdanek concentration and extermination camp, 1942–441

Mailänder Elissa

in Destruction and human remains: Disposal and concealment in genocide and mass violence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719096020
eISBN:
9781781707876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096020.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Any study of the routine activities of the SS in an extermination camp must consist above all of an analysis of the whole process of day-to-day extermination and its implementation by human beings. ... More


Araki Nobuyoshi’s Sentimental Journey—Winter, or, Eternal Bones

Michael Lucken

in Imitation and Creativity in Japanese Arts: From Kishida Ryusei to Miyazaki Hayao

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231172929
eISBN:
9780231540544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172929.003.0010
Subject:
Art, Art History

The album Sentimental Journey — Winter by photographer Araki Nobuyoshi


Online Hinduism

Heinz Scheifinger

in The Oxford History of Hinduism: Modern Hinduism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780198790839
eISBN:
9780191833281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198790839.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism, Religious Studies

Technological change is a fundamental element of modernity, and an exploration of modern Hinduism must take seriously the role of technology in religious transformation. While the nineteenth century ... More


Introduction

Stephen Prothero

in Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208162
eISBN:
9780520929746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208162.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Death changes humans in an instant into something completely new. Spirit, soul, and mind flash away, and what was once a living body becomes a new creation. The American ways of death—burial and ... More


The Cremation of Baron De Palm

Stephen Prothero

in Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208162
eISBN:
9780520929746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208162.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The corpse of Baron Joseph Henry Louis Charles De Palm went up in flames in an event billed as the first cremation in modern America. Opponents denounced it as Satan's errand. Cremation was superior ... More


Sanitary Reform

Stephen Prothero

in Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208162
eISBN:
9780520929746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208162.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Cleanliness sidled up to godliness, and the sanitarian movement was born around the middle of the nineteenth century. Sanitarianism was viewed as a battle against a grave social problem. The sanitary ... More


Resurrection and the Resurrectionists

Stephen Prothero

in Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208162
eISBN:
9780520929746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208162.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Cremationists undermined the doctrine of the resurrection of the dead not so much by refuting it as by threatening to render it obsolete. The real resurrection occurred at the moment of death, not at ... More


The Memorial Idea

Stephen Prothero

in Purified by Fire: A History of Cremation in America

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208162
eISBN:
9780520929746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208162.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

Many factors inhibited cremation's growth. Cultural practices are extraordinarily resistant to change. The most stubborn are religious rites, and of all these rites, the rites of death are the most ... More


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