Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 26 items

  • Keywords: credulity x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Argument from Religious Experience

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Large numbers of people have religious experiences in the sense of experiences which seem to them to be experiences of God. It is a basic epistemological principle, the principle of credulity, that — ... More


Conclusions: Can We Rely on Natural Signs for a “Hidden” God?

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Chapter 6 concludes that the natural signs of God provide prima facie evidence of God's existence and even, for people in some epistemic positions, makes belief in God reasonable. While the signs are ... More


Imagination and Testimony in Cognitive Development: The Cautious Disciple?

PAUL L. HARRIS and MELISSA KOENIG

in Imaginative Minds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264195
eISBN:
9780191734540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264195.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Imagination is often associated with the capacity to contemplate non-existent possibilities; however imaginative faculty is also used when thinking about several non-observable but real events that ... More


The Balance of Probability

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

If we ignore religious experience, there is enough evidence considered in this book, to make the existence of God as probable as not. Theism is a simple hypothesis which leads us to expect many ... More


Reid on the Credit of Human Testimony

James Van Cleve

in The Epistemology of Testimony

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199276011
eISBN:
9780191706110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276011.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter explores the analogy proposed by Thomas Reid between testimony and sense perception. It begins by trying to arrive at a correct understanding of the two principles he identifies as ... More


Objections to Extended Reliability

Sanford C. Goldberg

in Relying on Others: An Essay in Epistemology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199593248
eISBN:
9780191594625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199593248.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter defends the ‘extendedness hypothesis,’ according to which the process by which testimonial beliefs are formed is interpersonal in extent, against a variety of objections. In the course ... More


Credulity and Vision: ‘The Miller's Tale’, ‘The Merchant's Tale’, ‘The Wife of Bath's Tale’

Alcuin Blamires

in Chaucer, Ethics, and Gender

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199248674
eISBN:
9780191714696
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248674.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

The chapter examines Chaucer’s fascination with the ethical antithesis between credulity and visionary prudence, together with complex attendant genderings. In the Miller’s Tale, the human power to ... More


A Cumulative Case

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Richard Swinburne provides one of the most recent attempts to use religious experiences as evidence for theism. In The Existence of God, Swinburne argues not only that it is rational to maintain a ... More


Experience and Interpretation

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

An extremely common challenge to arguments from religious experience—though not to the veridicality of religious experiences as such—is the claim that because religious experiences involve ... More


The Reductionist Challenge

Caroline Franks Davis

in The Evidential Force of Religious Experience

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250012
eISBN:
9780191681233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250012.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Perhaps the most popular current challenge to religious experience is the ‘reductionist’ challenge. No putatively reductionist accounts of religious experience can disprove theism. One can only show ... More


The Evidence of Personal Identity

Richard Swinburne

in The Evolution of the Soul

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236986
eISBN:
9780191598593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236980.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Apparent personal memory (of who one was) is fallible evidence of personal identity – in virtue of the principle of credulity. Because it is found empirically that memory of who one was normally goes ... More


Scottish Fundamentalism

C. A. J. Coady

in Testimony: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The eighteenth‐century Scots philosopher Thomas Reid's account of testimony is one of his most interesting and original contributions. Reid's analogy between the epistemic roles of perception and of ... More


Basicality

Richard Swinburne

in Epistemic Justification

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243792
eISBN:
9780191598524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243794.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

To be justified, a belief must be ‘based’ on its grounds. For an externalist, being based on grounds is being ‘caused’ by these grounds (by a non‐deviant route). For an internalist (normally), a ... More


Religious Experience and the Burden of Proof

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

An analysis of three problems for Richard Swinburne’s Bayesian cumulative case strategy in natural theology shows why he needs to shift the burden of proof to the unbeliever. Allegedly, this shift is ... More


Credulity and the development of selective trust in early childhood

Paul L. Harris, Kathleen H. Corriveau, Elisabeth S. Pasquini, Melissa Koenig, Maria Fusaro, and Fabrice Clément

in Foundations of Metacognition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

When faced with two informants making conflicting claims, preschool children display two heuristics: (1) they preferentially seek and endorse information from the informant with whom they have a ... More


The Argument from Religious Experience

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239635
eISBN:
9780191598609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239637.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Large numbers of people have religious experiences in the sense of experiences that seem to them to be experiences of God. It is a basic epistemological principle. The principle of credulity, that – ... More


Epistemology

Richard Swinburne

in Mind, Brain, and Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199662562
eISBN:
9780191748394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662562.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Moral Philosophy

This chapter defends certain principles of internalist epistemic justification, necessary for establishing the theses of the book. It defends the principle of credulity (that—in the absence of ... More


Conclusions: The Inescapability of Moral Obligations

C. Stephen Evans

in God and Moral Obligation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199696680
eISBN:
9780191744266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696680.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This book has argued that moral obligations are best explained as God's commands. However, if God does not exist, someone might regard this argument as a reductio of moral realism, giving reasons to ... More


Biased to Believe

Vikram K. Jaswal

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0044
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews studies on children's credulity. It shows that while children have a well-deserved reputation of believing whatever adults tell them, the depth and resilience of their trust in ... More


Conclusion

Mark Stoyle

in The Black Legend of Prince Rupert's Dog: Witchcraft and Propaganda during the English Civil War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780859898591
eISBN:
9781781384978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780859898591.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter draws all of the threads of the book together and insists that the story of Prince Rupert's ‘necromantic dogge’ should not be dismissed as mere drollery: as an amusing but essentially ... More


View: