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How Legislators Create an Impression of Influence

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter characterizes legislators' credit-claiming efforts, demonstrating how often legislators claim credit for spending, what legislators claim credit for securing, and the amount legislators ... More


Cultivating an Impression of Influence with Actions and Small Expenditures

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter discusses how credit-claiming messages cause larger increase in support. It presents the results of a series of experiments that show constituents are more responsive to the action that ... More


Solving the Representative’s Problem and Creating the Representative’s Opportunity

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explains when strategic legislators will associate themselves with spending and how constituents are likely to allocate credit in response to legislators' credit claiming messages. The ... More


Creating an Impression, Not Just Increasing Name Recognition

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter demonstrates that legislators' credit-claiming efforts do more than simply bolster name recognition—they also cultivate an impression of influence over federal funds. It examines the ... More


Credit, Deception, and Institutional Design

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter shows how legislators—with the help of a subtle linguistic deception and strategic bureaucrats—claim credit for grants that the representative had only an indirect role in securing. ... More


Representation and the Impression of Influence

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explores the implications of this study's argument for representation. The credit-claiming, credit allocation process that this study characterizes enables accountability, but it also ... More


The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Constituents often fail to hold their representatives accountable for federal spending decisions—even though those very choices have a pervasive influence on American life. Why does this happen? ... More


Blame Avoidance and Credit Claiming Revisited

Giuliano Bonoli

in The Politics of the New Welfare State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199645244
eISBN:
9780191745119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645244.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy, Comparative Politics

This chapter deals with some developments observed in European social polices over the last fifteen years that are not explained by prevailing theories of social policymaking. These can be considered ... More


Text as Data: Methods Appendix

Justin Grimmer, Sean J. Westwood, and Solomon Messing

in The Impression of Influence: Legislator Communication, Representation, and Democratic Accountability

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162614
eISBN:
9781400852666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162614.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This concluding chapter provides more details about the classification of the nearly 170,000 House press releases used in this study as credit claiming or not. Making use of recent Text as Data ... More


Denial of Organizational Involvement

Max Abrahms

in Rules for Rebels: The Science of Victory in Militant History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198811558
eISBN:
9780191848438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198811558.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The first two rules for rebels are important for the leader in minimizing terrorism. Even in the best-run groups, though, some militants may occasionally commit terrorism due to ignorance, stupidity, ... More


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