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The Impact of Active Leverage II: Reforming the State and the Economy, 1997–2004

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

In all candidate states, the EU’s active leverage forced governments to embark on politically difficult reforms of the state and of the economy, committing politicians to a predictable agenda of ... More


Myopic Opportunism and Joint Production: A Relational Approach to Corporate Governance

Siegwart Lindenberg

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter uses the cognitive psychology notion of ‘framing’ to highlight how profitable cooperation can benefit from a partial suspension of a gain frame. It argues that even when interests are ... More


Introduction

Iain McLean

in Rational Choice and British Politics: An Analysis of Rhetoric and Manipulation from Peel to Blair

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295297
eISBN:
9780191599873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295294.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Introduces basic concepts of social choice. Describes the median voter theorem for one issue dimension, and its chaotic failure in more than one. It explains what rhetoric and heresthetics are, also ... More


Varieties and Logics of Medieval Hostageship

Adam J. Kosto

in Hostages in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199651702
eISBN:
9780191741999
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651702.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter presents the variety of forms of medieval hostageship from across the whole period: unilateral and bilateral (exchange); open-ended and finite; true, where the hostage was turned over at ... More


Umbrella Clauses as Public Law Concepts in Comparative Perspective

Stephan W. Schill

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

This chapter deals with the function, scope, and effect of umbrella clauses in international investment treaties. It proposes to understand the clauses as breaking with customary international law ... More


Internationalization of the Fuel Cycle and the Nuclear Energy Renaissance: Confronting the Credible Commitment Problem

Adam N. Stulberg

in The Nuclear Renaissance and International Security

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780804784177
eISBN:
9780804785303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784177.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter tackles the puzzle of international fuel supply cooperation. It explains why the historical record of multilateral nuclear approaches (MNAs) is mixed even though internationalizing the ... More


Commitment or Equivocation

Alasdair Roberts

in Strategies for Governing: Reinventing Public Administration for a Dangerous Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501714405
eISBN:
9781501745607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501714405.003.0019
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter distinguishes between commitment and equivocation in the design of governance strategies. For the last thirty years, “credible commitment” has been a stock phrase in scholarly writing ... More


Constitutional Purposes

Mark A. Graber

in A New Introduction to American Constitutionalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199943883
eISBN:
9780199369799
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199943883.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Constitutions attempt to secure important social benefits by establishing fundamental laws, mandating the rule of law, entrenching political procedures, limiting government powers, and, in liberal ... More


Power, Social Conflict, Institutional Formation, and Credible Commitment

William D. Ferguson

in The Political Economy of Collective Action, Inequality, and Development

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781503604612
eISBN:
9781503611979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503604612.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter develops a social conflict theory of institutions. The third hypothesis posits that unequal distributions of power shape the creation, evolution, and demise of economic and political ... More


Consequentialist Grounds for the Principles of Administrative Justice

Alexander Brown

in A Theory of Legitimate Expectations for Public Administration

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198812753
eISBN:
9780191851926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812753.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Section I explores the possibility that the principles of administrative justice are partly grounded by the Difference Principle. Section II considers whether the administrative goods of ... More


Conclusion

Paul Poast and Johannes Urpelainen

in Organizing Democracy: How International Organizations Assist New Democracies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226543345
eISBN:
9780226543512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226543512.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter summarizes the book’s findings and reflects on their implications for how scholars and policy makers understand IOs, democratic transitions, and the relationship between the two. The ... More


The Trilemma of Constitutional Authority

Turkuler Isiksel

in Europe's Functional Constitution: A Theory of Constitutionalism Beyond the State

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198759072
eISBN:
9780191819698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759072.003.0002
Subject:
Law, EU Law

What rides on whether a regime is considered constitutional? This chapter lays out alternative justifications of constitutional authority as a background against which to situate the EU’s legal ... More


Political Legitimacy, Credible Commitment, and Euro Governance

Albert Weale

in Beyond the Crisis: The Governance of Europe's Economic, Political and Legal Transformation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198752868
eISBN:
9780191814297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752868.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Deepening economic governance and the crisis of the eurozone underscore the issue of political legitimacy in the EU. Analytically, legitimacy may be understood by reference to modern social contract ... More


Handling Spoilers and the Prospect of Violence

Marie-Joëlle Zahar

in The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791743
eISBN:
9780199919222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791743.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter focuses on the violence committed by ethnic nonstate armed groups (NSAGs). It develops an argument about the conditions under which mediators can successfully devise winning strategies ... More


Partial Independence Advantages and Evolution

David A. Rezvani

in Surpassing the Sovereign State: The Wealth, Self-Rule, and Security Advantages of Partially Independent Territories

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199688494
eISBN:
9780191767739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688494.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Chapter 2 lays out the principal reasons for the advantages and evolution of partially independent territories (PITs). PITs often benefit from high degrees of nationalistic compromise, core state ... More


Multistakeholder Governance and the Private Sector

Brain Levy

in Working with the Grain: Integrating Governance and Growth in Development Strategies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199363803
eISBN:
9780199363834
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199363803.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Chapter 10 explores the potential of multistakeholder initiatives to address three familiar challenges of private-sector development in settings where the background politics and institutions needed ... More


Indonesia

Hendrik Spruyt

in Exit Strategies and State Building

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199760114
eISBN:
9780199949991
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199760114.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Similar to other colonial withdrawals, the Dutch exit from Indonesia was influenced by the balance of power, metropolitan ideology, and the nature of the nationalist regime. The Dutch-Indonesian case ... More


Conclusion

in Looking for Balance: China, the United States, and Power Balancing in East Asia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804778206
eISBN:
9780804778473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804778206.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the balance of power in East Asia. It suggests that China is unlikely to initiate a bid for regional hegemony and discusses the implications of ... More


Authoritarian Regionalism

Anastassia V. Obydenkova and Alexander Libman

in Authoritarian Regionalism in the World of International Organizations: Global Perspective and the Eurasian Enigma

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198839040
eISBN:
9780191874918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839040.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The goal of this chapter is to present the main elements of our theoretical argument. Departing from existing studies, the chapter introduces a new theory called “authoritarian regionalism” and ... More


The US and Brokering Republican Moderation

Matthew Whiting

in Sinn Féin and the IRA: From Revolution to Moderation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474420549
eISBN:
9781474445146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474420549.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter argues that in order for moderation through institutional inclusion to take full hold, it was necessary for the US to act as a powerful external broker throughout the negotiations of the ... More


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