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Creating Oportunity

Zoltan J. Acs

in Why Philanthropy Matters: How the Wealthy Give, and What It Means for Our Economic Well-Being

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148625
eISBN:
9781400846818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148625.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter describes the system of opportunity creation in the United States, which has been a series of inventions and reinventions of the means by which opportunity has been provided. It begins ... More


Transitional Recession: Expectations, Reality, Interpretations

Grzegorz W. Kolodko

in From Shock to Therapy: The Political Economy of Postsocialist Transformation

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297437
eISBN:
9780191685354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297437.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In order to examine the conditions where equilibrium between demand and supply takes place, this chapter establishes the connection of individual expectations and the understanding of the ... More


Destructive Creativity: The Arts in the Information Age

Alan Liu

in The Laws of Cool: Knowledge Work and the Culture of Information

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226486987
eISBN:
9780226487007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487007.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The rationale of contemporary knowledge work is “creative destruction,” with the emphasis on “creative” and almost no serious reflection on “destruction.” The question of a future aesthetics is the ... More


The Wealth of Nations

Zoltan J. Acs

in Why Philanthropy Matters: How the Wealthy Give, and What It Means for Our Economic Well-Being

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148625
eISBN:
9781400846818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148625.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines wealth creation as a defining feature of capitalism. Since the beginning of the twentieth century, American research universities have increasingly moved to the forefront of ... More


The Resurgence of Route 128: The Triumph of Open Systems

Michael H. Best

in The New Competitive Advantage: The Renewal of American Industry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297451
eISBN:
9780191595967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297459.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Boston's Route 128 illustrates the concepts of regional technology capability, technology genealogy, and technology roadmap. Precision machining and complex product systems are regional technological ... More


National Champions and Economic Growth

Kathy Fogel, Randall Morck, and Bernard Yeung

in Industrial Policy for National Champions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016018
eISBN:
9780262298650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016018.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Schumpeterian view of the association of economic growth and creative destruction, a process in which innovative and commercially successful firms destroy large established dominant firms, has ... More


Introduction: Literature and Creative Destruction

Alan Liu

in The Laws of Cool: Knowledge Work and the Culture of Information

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226486987
eISBN:
9780226487007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226487007.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Cultural criticism has been brutally effective in demonstrating that the churning of literary capital has always been a part of the world of literature. A distinctive form of that churning in ... More


Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism

Arthur M., Jr. Diamond

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190263669
eISBN:
9780190263706
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263669.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Openness to Creative Destruction: Sustaining Innovative Dynamism shows how life improves under the economic system often called “entrepreneurial capitalism” or “creative destruction,” but more ... More


Transformation and the Acceleration of Technical Progress

János Kornai

in Dynamism, Rivalry, and the Surplus Economy: Two Essays on the Nature of Capitalism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199334766
eISBN:
9780199369416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334766.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter argues that despite capitalism’s built-in propensity for entrepreneurship, innovation, and dynamism, it a just a propensity, a disposition, and thus not a sure thing. It is the social, ... More


Constructing Carceral Space: How Englewood Became the Ghetto

John J. Betancur and Janet L. Smith

in Claiming Neighborhood: New Ways of Understanding Urban Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040504
eISBN:
9780252098949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040504.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter offers a historical account of how Englewood—a South Side neighborhood that went from white to black and from middle-class to poor—became a ghetto. More specifically, it examines the ... More


Capital as Will and Imagination: Schumpeter's Guide to the Postwar Japanese Miracle

Mark Metzler

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451799
eISBN:
9780801467912
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451799.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

Joseph Schumpeter's conceptions of entrepreneurship, innovation, and creative destruction have been hugely influential. He pioneered the study of economic development and of technological paradigm ... More


Gales of Creative Destruction

Calestous Juma

in Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780190467036
eISBN:
9780190627164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190467036.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics, Political Economy

The new millennium brought a rising tide of economic, social, and ecological challenges. This chapter argues that while rapid technological adoption in response to mounting global challenges is ... More


The Disruption Dilemma

Joshua Gans

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034487
eISBN:
9780262333832
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034487.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

When successful and well-managed firms fail, we call this disruption. In the almost two decades since Clay Christensen’s famous treatise mapping this phenomenon, such failure has continued, with ... More


Honorable Business and Treating People the Right Way

James R. Otteson

in Honorable Business: A Framework for Business in a Just and Humane Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190914202
eISBN:
9780190914240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914202.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Strategy

Chapters 7 and 8 look more carefully at a series of worries about, and objections raised to, business, markets, and commercial society generally. Chapter 7 looks specifically at concerns about how we ... More


The Metropolitan Life in Ruins Architectural and Fictional Speculations in New York, 1893–1919

in Untimely Ruins: An Archaeology of American Urban Modernity, 1819-1919

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226946634
eISBN:
9780226946658
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226946658.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

In 1909, Metropolitan Life, the world's largest life insurer, completed the tallest tower in New York and in America. Shortly thereafter, the magnificent building suffered a series of catastrophes, ... More


History and the Militarized Landscape: Long Historical and Broad Social Views

David Biggs

in At Nature's Edge: The Global Present and Long-term History

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780199489077
eISBN:
9780199093908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199489077.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The environmental history of war, especially its impacts on landscape, encompasses a much broader scope than the conflicts and the historiography of the late twentieth century. Ideas on the social ... More


Introduction: The Human Cost of Creative Destruction

Venus Bivar

in Organic Resistance: The Struggle over Industrial Farming in Postwar France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469641188
eISBN:
9781469641195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469641188.003.0001
Subject:
History, Environmental History

The postwar French state struggled to find the right balance between quantity and quality in the agricultural sector. European integration and the general drive to modernize the French economy drove ... More


Building the Organization or Building the Community?: Community Development in a Time of Flexible Accumulation

John J. Betancur and Janet L. Smith

in Claiming Neighborhood: New Ways of Understanding Urban Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040504
eISBN:
9780252098949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040504.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines how community development can be caught in the trappings of flexible accumulation and even contribute to the displacement of the people it claims to represent. Focusing on the ... More


Reinventing Neighborhood?: Transforming Chicago’s Public Housing

John J. Betancur and Janet L. Smith

in Claiming Neighborhood: New Ways of Understanding Urban Change

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040504
eISBN:
9780252098949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040504.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

This chapter examines how the transformation of public housing leads to neighborhood change by focusing on two Chicago neighborhoods: Cabrini Green on the Lower North Side and Lakefront Properties on ... More


Double-edged development, 1767–

John Toye

in The Many Faces of Socioeconomic Change

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198723349
eISBN:
9780191789786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198723349.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many writers on development are extremists, either venerating it as the source of economic cornucopia and human fulfilment or denouncing it as bringing loss of authentic community and culture, ... More


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