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The orbitofrontal cortex in drug addiction

Rita Z. Goldstein, Nelly Alia-Klein, Lisa A. Cottone, and Nora D. Volkow

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the role of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) in the clinical characteristics of drug addiction and their putative neuropsychological mechanisms. The OFC's role in reward ... More


Concerning Social Problems

Steve Bein

in Purifying Zen: Watsuji Tetsuro's Shamon Dogen

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824835101
eISBN:
9780824868505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824835101.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter considers what are Dōgen's reflections about social problems. Dōgen does not try to alleviate the social unrest of the secular world by means of secular excellence, since the root of ... More


Working memory and emotion I: Fear and craving

Alan Baddeley

in Working Memory, Thought, and Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528012
eISBN:
9780191689505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528012.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is concerned with the link between working memory and the disruption of cognition by emotion. In this chapter, the author presents how the effects of danger, elation, anxiety and craving ... More


Effects of Smoking Opportunity on Cue-Elicited Urge: A Facial Coding Analysis  

Michael A. Sayette, Joan M. Wertz, Christopher S. Martin, Jeffrey F. Cohn, Michael A. Perrott, and Jill Hobel

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter uses Facial Action Coding System (FACS) to examine the impact of smoking opportunity in a study that addressed some of the limitations of the Sayette and Hufford (1995) study. It also ... More


Getting the Cue

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses studies on the critical role of drug-associated cues for relapse. Both patients and clinicians have long known that individuals with addictive disorders report craving and ... More


Concepts: Wittgenstein and Deconstruction

Toril Moi

in Revolution of the Ordinary: Literary Studies after Wittgenstein, Austin, and Cavell

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226464305
eISBN:
9780226464589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226464589.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Through an analysis of Derrida’s “Signature Event Context” alongside Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations the chapter compares Wittgenstein and Derrida’s understanding of concepts and theory, ... More


The Core Process in Addictions and Other Impulses: Hyperbolic Discounting versus Conditioning and Cognitive Framing

George Ainslie

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter analyzes the three kinds of theory—visceral reward hypothesis, hyperbolic discounting hypothesis, and cognitive framing hypothesis—and assesses how the conditioned appetite as a theory ... More


Wildlife Trafficking

Simon Mackenzie

in Transnational Criminology: Trafficking and Global Criminal Markets

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781529203783
eISBN:
9781529203820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781529203783.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter addresses wildlife trafficking in four sections: the nature and extent of the harm; the structure of wildlife trafficking (considered in terms of source, transit and market); regulation ... More


Choice in addiction: A neural tug of war between impulse and insight

Marc D. Lewis

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The neuroscience of addiction does not frame addiction as a disease. In fact, an examination of brain processes helps clarify the role of choice in addiction, by explaining how habitual perceptions ... More


Appetite

Christopher Eccleston

in Embodied: The psychology of physical sensation

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198727903
eISBN:
9780191814099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727903.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The physical sense of being motivated to consume—to eat and drink—are explored; in particular, the sense of how appetite is regulated, influenced by external information, controlled, and failed to be ... More


Buddhist Ethics: A Perspective

Graham Priest

in A Mirror Is for Reflection: Understanding Buddhist Ethics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190499778
eISBN:
9780190499792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190499778.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This essay formulates an ethics based largely on Buddhist principles. However, it does so without assuming views for which, arguably, there is no real evidence, such as rebirth. In light of this, it ... More


Identifying Persons

Jonardon Ganeri

in Attention, Not Self

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198757405
eISBN:
9780191817304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198757405.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Buddhist project is to show how it is possible to be both autonomous and shadow-like, how there can be actions and experiences without a substantial detached self. In this chapter, the author ... More


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