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Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


Progeny of the 1990s: Three New Explanations of Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0040
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the three theorized causes of crime declines in increasing order of novelty—first police, then the rise and fall of crack cocaine, and finally the impact of increased access to ... More


The Invisible Hand Holds a Gun: Law and Policy in the Lethal Regulation of Crack

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

in 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the cultural resonance between rap and crack cocaine by focusing on the complicated sociolegal logics that paved the way for the drug's lethal effects, and out of which its ... More


Crack, Rap, and the Punitive Turn

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

in 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines rap's unique expressive position in relation to the primary contradictions of crack cocaine's punishment structure as well as recent arguments condemning this structure, ... More


Introduction

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

in 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter explains that the book explores the ways in which rap expresses one of the most powerful symbols of America's paradoxical crime policy: the 100-to-1 sentencing disparity ... More


5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In 2010, President Barack Obama signed a law repealing one of the most controversial policies in American criminal justice history: the 100-to-1 sentencing disparity between crack cocaine and powder ... More


Real Niggas: Black Men, Hard Men, and the Rise of Gangsta Culture

Miles White

in From Jim Crow to Jay-Z: Race, Rap, and the Performance of Masculinity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252036620
eISBN:
9780252093678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252036620.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter discusses the performance of blackness and masculinity in hip-hop performance, the trope of the bad nigger and the notion of the hard man, and how African American performers have ... More


Rap Puts Crack to Work

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

in 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how crack cocaine came to symbolize hopes of creating spaces of nonhumiliating work in an era of excessive punishment and critiques the duplicity of a sociolegal environment ... More


The Racial Landscape of the Drug War

Miriam Boeri

in Hurt: Chronicles of the Drug War Generation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780520293465
eISBN:
9780520966710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520293465.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter provides insider accounts of how the War on Drugs impacted people of color. The racial disparities of the incarcerated population increased as working-class African American communities ... More


Conclusion

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

in 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This book concludes by arguing that the punishment structure for crack cocaine has been a self-contradiction, an attempt to manufacture a form of pure culpability. It suggests that the important role ... More


The Sound of the Fury: The Olympic City through the Prism of Black Atlanta’s Expressive Culture

Maurice J. Hobson

in The Legend of the Black Mecca: Politics and Class in the Making of Modern Atlanta

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635354
eISBN:
9781469635378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635354.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter six focuses on Mayor Maynard Jackson’s creation of the City of Atlanta’s Bureau of Cultural Affairs, the first institution within city government dedicated to the support of artists, their ... More


Speaking to the Spirit of the Games: Atlanta’s Rise to Olympic City

Maurice J. Hobson

in The Legend of the Black Mecca: Politics and Class in the Making of Modern Atlanta

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635354
eISBN:
9781469635378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635354.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

Chapter Five focuses on the calculated and concerted steps taken by Atlanta’s white business elite and black city government to bid for the Centennial Olympic Games. A diverse cohort of private ... More


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