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Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


Progeny of the 1990s: Three New Explanations of Decline

Franklin E. Zimring

in The Great American Crime Decline

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195181159
eISBN:
9780199944132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181159.003.0040
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter considers the three theorized causes of crime declines in increasing order of novelty—first police, then the rise and fall of crack cocaine, and finally the impact of increased access to ... More


SURFACE ROUGHENING, PATTERNS AND CRACKS

Nasr M. Ghoniem and Daniel D. Walgraef

in Instabilities and Self-Organization in Materials: Volume I: Fundamentals of Nanoscience, Volume II: Applications in Materials Design and Nanotechnology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298686
eISBN:
9780191720222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298686.003.0014
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a discussion of the causes of the roughening and grooving of solid surfaces. It then discusses Asaro-Tiller surface instability, phase field models, surface patterns caused ... More


Mathematical Methods in Elasticity Imaging

Habib Ammari, Elie Bretin, Josselin Garnier, Hyeonbae Kang, Hyundae Lee, and Abdul Wahab

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165318
eISBN:
9781400866625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165318.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book comprehensively explores elasticity imaging and examines recent, important developments in asymptotic imaging, modeling, and analysis of deterministic and stochastic elastic wave ... More


Physics of Elasticity and Crystal Defects

Adrian P. Sutton

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198860785
eISBN:
9780191893001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860785.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography: Physics

Mechanical properties of crystalline materials are almost always dominated by the defects within them. The ability to shape metals into pipes, girders and furniture stems from the generation, motion ... More


Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Andrew Briggs and Oleg Kolosov

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Acoustic microscopy enables you to image and measure the elastic properties of materials with the resolution of a good microscope. By using frequencies in the microwave range, it is possible to make ... More


Cracks

Adrian P. Sutton

in Physics of Elasticity and Crystal Defects

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198860785
eISBN:
9780191893001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860785.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography: Physics

Loaded slit cracks are modelled as continuous distributions of dislocations with infinitesimal Burgers vectors. Cauchy-type singular integral equations for the density of Burgers vector in these ... More


Mechanical properties

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Ice is a material that exhibits both ductile flow, as in the flow of a glacier, and also brittle fracture, as in the crushing of ice under impact from an icebreaker. This chapter considers ... More


Surface cracks and boundaries

G. A. D. Briggs and O. V. Kolosov

in Acoustic Microscopy: Second Edition

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199232734
eISBN:
9780191716355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232734.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Surface cracks and boundaries give contrast in acoustic microscopy even when they are so fine that by conventional resolution criteria they would be expected to be scarcely visible. The contrast ... More


Introduction

Habib Ammari, Elie Bretin, Josselin Garnier, Hyeonbae Kang, Hyundae Lee, and Abdul Wahab

in Mathematical Methods in Elasticity Imaging

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165318
eISBN:
9781400866625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165318.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book is about recent mathematical, numerical and statistical approaches for elasticity imaging of inclusions and cracks with waves at zero, single or multiple non-zero frequencies. It considers ... More


Crack, Rap, and the Punitive Turn

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

in 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines rap's unique expressive position in relation to the primary contradictions of crack cocaine's punishment structure as well as recent arguments condemning this structure, ... More


The Invisible Hand Holds a Gun: Law and Policy in the Lethal Regulation of Crack

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

in 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the cultural resonance between rap and crack cocaine by focusing on the complicated sociolegal logics that paved the way for the drug's lethal effects, and out of which its ... More


Avital Ronell's Body Politics

Elissa Marder

in The Mother in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction: Psychoanalysis, Photography, Deconstruction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780823240555
eISBN:
9780823240593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823240555.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter explores the relationship between technology, politics, and the maternal function by looking at Avital Ronell's important work on the telephone as a fantastic, fetishistic extension of ... More


Introduction

Dimitri A. Bogazianos

in 5 Grams: Crack Cocaine, Rap Music, and the War on Drugs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814787007
eISBN:
9780814725160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814787007.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This introductory chapter explains that the book explores the ways in which rap expresses one of the most powerful symbols of America's paradoxical crime policy: the 100-to-1 sentencing disparity ... More


Mons Claudianus

Robert B. Jackson

in At Empire's Edge: Exploring Rome`s Egyptian Frontier

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300088564
eISBN:
9780300129519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300088564.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter explains that from the site of Mons Claudianus, which lies 50 kilometers south of Gebel Dokhan, the Romans hewed the enormous columns of speckled, white granite which were to grace some ... More


Open questions

Adrian P. Sutton

in Physics of Elasticity and Crystal Defects

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780198860785
eISBN:
9780191893001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198860785.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Crystallography: Physics

Four areas requiring further research are introduced and possible PhD projects are identified. They are (i) workhardening, (ii) electroplasticity, (iii) mobility of dislocations and (iv) ... More


: Earthquake Cracks

Conevery Bolton Valencius

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226053899
eISBN:
9780226053929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226053929.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the 1830s, Davy Crockett wrote about stumbling into “earthquake cracks” during a bear hunt. His matter-of-fact reporting of earthquake evidence contrasts with how the New Madrid earthquakes soon ... More


A Great Commotion: The Experience of the New Madrid Earthquakes

Conevery Bolton Valencius

in The Lost History of the New Madrid Earthquakes

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226053899
eISBN:
9780226053929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226053929.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter uses first-person accounts, especially by Mississippi River merchant William Leigh Pierce, to narrate the multiple shocks of the New Madrid earthquakes of 1811-1812 which struck ... More


“Singing Was My Life”

Vic Hobson

in Creating the Jazz Solo: Louis Armstrong and Barbershop Harmony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496819772
eISBN:
9781496819826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496819772.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, American

This chapter describes Armstrong’s boyhood spent singing in a street quartet. One of the songs that he sang was “Swanee River”: a song that was a staple with barbershop singers. This chapter ... More


Griffith’s Equation: Fracture

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Most materials fracture suddenly because they contain small internal and surface cracks, which propagate under an applied stress. Griffith’s equation shows how fracture strength depends inversely on ... More


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