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Facing Fear: The History of an Emotion in Global Perspective

Michael Laffan and Max Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153599
eISBN:
9781400845248
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153599.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Fear is ubiquitous but slippery. It has been defined as a purely biological reality, derided as an excuse for cowardice, attacked as a force for social control, and even denigrated as an unnatural ... More


Courage and Caution

Robert C. Roberts and W. Jay Wood

in Intellectual Virtues: An Essay in Regulative Epistemology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199283675
eISBN:
9780191712661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283675.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Courage and caution enable us to find our way among the threats, real and apparent, that we encounter in the course of our practices, sometimes circumventing these threats, sometimes facing them, and ... More


Heroic Desire? Male Relations in Beowulf,The Battle of Maldon, and The Dream of the Rood

David Clark

in Between Medieval Men: Male Friendship and Desire in Early Medieval English Literature

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199558155
eISBN:
9780191721342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558155.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Anglo-Saxon / Old English Literature

Chapter 7 focuses on the construction of homosocial bonds, looking first at heroic male relations in Beowulf and The Battle of Maldon. It argues that the Beowulf‐poet here as in other matters remains ... More


Varieties of Virtue and Vice

Thomas Hurka

in Virtue, Vice, and Value

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137163
eISBN:
9780199833283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137167.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter shows how the recursive account can illuminate a large number of particular virtues and vices, identifying both, what they have in common that makes them virtues or vices and what ... More


Between Victory and Death

Brian K. Feltman

in The Stigma of Surrender: German Prisoners, British Captors, and Manhood in the Great War and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469619934
eISBN:
9781469623160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469619934.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter focuses on the dishonor of captivity against the backdrop of “normative” notions of manhood. More than 997,000 German soldiers fell into enemy hands from 1914 to 1918, and roughly ... More


Soissons—the Decisive Battle of the War

Timothy K. Nenninger and Charles Pelot Summerall

in The Way of Duty, Honor, Country: The Memoir of General Charles Pelot Summerall

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813126180
eISBN:
9780813135649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813126180.003.0018
Subject:
History, Military History

There can be no doubt that during the Battle of Soissons, the heroic advance of the First Division, in spite of unprecedented losses and the most determined resistance of elements of eight German ... More


Volleys of Humanity

Hélène Cixous

in Volleys of Humanity: Essays 1972-2009

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639038
eISBN:
9780748653638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639038.003.0016
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter identifies reading as the virtue that makes people human. It shows that when people read, they are in a form of dialogue with the author. It also looks at people's desire and curiosity ... More


Manliness’s Paradox

John M. Kang

in Masculinities and the Law: A Multidimensional Approach

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814764039
eISBN:
9780814764046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814764039.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter explores men's fear of being called a coward. It discusses soldiers in combat to demonstrate that men—even those who appear particularly masculine—are oppressed by the requirements of ... More


Introduction: Playing at Looking, Playing at Being Seen

Tiffany Watt Smith

in On Flinching: Theatricality and Scientific Looking from Darwin to Shell Shock

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198700937
eISBN:
9780191770487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198700937.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature, Drama

The recoiling spectator turns away, but flinching from another’s pain can also be a sympathetic gesture. Involuntary flinches may come as a surprise, but they can also be carefully choreographed with ... More


Ridicule and Contempt for Minions

James M. Jasper, Michael P. Young, and Elke Zuern

in Public Characters: The Politics of Reputation and Blame

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190050047
eISBN:
9780190050078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190050047.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Culture, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter presents minions as part of a typology of primary characters including heroes, villains, victims, and minions. Character work tends to portray the weakness of victims—paradigmatically ... More


Cowardice and Courage

Allan V. Horwitz

in What's Normal?: Reconciling Biology and Culture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190603243
eISBN:
9780190603281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190603243.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter turns to phenomena—courage and cowardice—for which cultural definitions of valued and disvalued behaviors invert natural and unnatural tendencies. Nature created strong innate ... More


The Great King and His Armies

Waldemar Heckel

in In the Path of Conquest: Resistance to Alexander the Great

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190076689
eISBN:
9780197501146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190076689.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Darius III, after the defeat of his forces at the Granicus and the death of Memnon of Rhodes in the following year, prepared a massive army, drawing on the forces from the heart of the empire. The ... More


Courage: Persist Despite Threats

Nathan L. King

in The Excellent Mind: Intellectual Virtues for Everyday Life

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190096250
eISBN:
9780190096298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190096250.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines intellectual courage, the virtue needed to persist in pursuit of our intellectual aims despite threats. It notes that courage is commonly exercised not just in our efforts to ... More


Discipline and Punish: Encouraging Combat Performance in the Citizen and Professional Army

Anthony King

in Frontline: Combat and Cohesion in Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198719663
eISBN:
9780191788680
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719663.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Although discipline is widely recognized as important to the armed forces, the threat of punishment in encouraging troops to fight has tended to be ignored or disparaged by scholars. This chapter ... More


Suicide

David Benatar

in The Human Predicament: A Candid Guide to Life's Biggest Questions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190633813
eISBN:
9780190633844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190633813.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines suicide as one response to the human predicament. It is argued that while suicide can bring relief from appalling quality of life, it is not a cost-free exit from the human ... More


Finding Courage

Paul Woodruff

in The Garden of Leaders: Revolutionizing Higher Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190883645
eISBN:
9780190883676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883645.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Courage appears to be the ability not to be deterred by fear or danger from doing what you ought to do, but this definition leaves many questions unanswered. No one at the human level has perfect ... More


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