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Conduct: Why Do States Intervene Covertly versus Overtly?

Lindsey A. O’Rourke

in Covert Regime Change: America's Secret Cold War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501730658
eISBN:
9781501730689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730658.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores why states intervene covertly versus overtly during their regime changes. First, it discusses the two major tactical factors weighed by policymakers. It then looks at leaders' ... More


Overview of US-Backed Regime Changes during the Cold War

Lindsey A. O’Rourke

in Covert Regime Change: America's Secret Cold War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501730658
eISBN:
9781501730689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730658.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter provides a historical overview of America's experience with regime change during the Cold War. Looking at the broad trends in America's regime change policy highlights the shifting ... More


Rolling Back the Iron Curtain

Lindsey A. O’Rourke

in Covert Regime Change: America's Secret Cold War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501730658
eISBN:
9781501730689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730658.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores the causes, conduct, and consequences of the understudied American covert operations in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. It first explains why these cases were selected. ... More


Introduction: The Postmodern Public Sphere

Timothy Melley

in The Covert Sphere: Secrecy, Fiction, and the National Security State

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451232
eISBN:
9780801465918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451232.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

This introductory chapter discusses the emergence of covert state agencies and the covert sphere. During the Truman administration in 1947, the National Security Act established the Central ... More


Secret Wars

Austin Carson

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181769
eISBN:
9780691184241
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181769.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This is the first book to systematically analyze the ways that powerful states covertly participate in foreign wars, showing a recurring pattern of such behavior stretching from World War I to ... More


Covert Regime Change: America's Secret Cold War

Lindsey A. O'Rourke

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501730658
eISBN:
9781501730689
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730658.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

States seldom resort to war to overthrow their adversaries. They are more likely to attempt to covertly change the opposing regime, by assassinating a foreign leader, sponsoring a coup d'état, ... More


Covert Operations

George Perkovich and Toby Dalton

in Not War, Not Peace?: Motivating Pakistan to Prevent Cross-Border Terrorism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780199467495
eISBN:
9780199087112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199467495.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores whether, how, and to what effect India could concentrate on a more symmetrical covert strategy to deter and counter terrorism from Pakistan by fomenting insurgency and disorder ... More


Covert Regime Change after the Cold War

Lindsey A. O’Rourke

in Covert Regime Change: America's Secret Cold War

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2022
ISBN:
9781501730658
eISBN:
9781501730689
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501730658.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter briefly discusses the state of America's attempts at covert regime changes during the Cold War, before turning to the state of covert operations in the post-Cold War era. It shows that ... More


Status of Individuals and the Regulation of Force

Noam Lubell

in Extraterritorial Use of Force Against Non-State Actors

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199584840
eISBN:
9780191594540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584840.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter delves into the content of the rules applicable to extraterritorial armed conflicts against non-state actors. Detailed attention is given to the status of individuals under international ... More


Containing the Economic Warfare: Hong Kong and Export Controls against China

CHI-KWAN MARK

in Hong Kong and the Cold War: Anglo-American Relations 1949-1957

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199273706
eISBN:
9780191706240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273706.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter examines the Anglo–American cooperation or conflict over intelligence, propaganda, and covert operations in Hong Kong. It shows that US intelligence and propaganda operations in Hong ... More


Eisenhower and Cambodia: Diplomacy, Covert Action, and the Origins of the Second Indochina War

William J. Rust

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813167428
eISBN:
9780813167435
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167428.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book documents the formulation and execution of US foreign policy in Cambodia during the Eisenhower administration. Based on exhaustive research at the US National Archives, the Eisenhower ... More


Chile, the CIA and the Cold War: A Transatlantic Perspective

James Lockhart

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474435611
eISBN:
9781474465243
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474435611.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book reinterprets the history of Chile, the CIA and the Cold War. It blends national, regional, and world-historical trends from Chile -- from the appearance of its labor movement in the late ... More


The Culture of Funding Culture: The CIA and the Congress for Cultural Freedom

Eric Pullin

in Intelligence Studies in Britain and the US: Historiography since 1945

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748646272
eISBN:
9780748684496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646272.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews historians' assessment of the circuitous and exciting story of the relations between the CIA and the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF). These historians have been limited in ... More


Introduction: Hiding in Plain Sight

Dov H. Levin

in Meddling in the Ballot Box: The Causes and Effects of Partisan Electoral Interventions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197519882
eISBN:
9780197519929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519882.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 1 describes the long historical record of partisan electoral interventions, an attempt by a foreign power to intentionally intervene in an election in another country to help or hinder one of ... More


Why They Meddle in Elections—And What Are the Effects on the Results

Dov H. Levin

in Meddling in the Ballot Box: The Causes and Effects of Partisan Electoral Interventions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197519882
eISBN:
9780197519929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519882.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 2 lays out in detail the theoretical arguments on the causes and effects of partisan electoral interventions. It also notes the main theoretical assumptions underlying these theoretical ... More


The Frei Administration

James Lockhart

in Chile, the CIA and the Cold War: A Transatlantic Perspective

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474435611
eISBN:
9781474465243
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474435611.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter assesses the Frei administration's national and international response to the energy the Cuban Revolution unleashed in Latin America in the 1960s. It presents President Eduardo Frei as ... More


How Rival States Employ Cyber Strategy: Disruption, Espionage, and Degradation

Brandon Valeriano

in Cyber Strategy: The Evolving Character of Power and Coercion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190618094
eISBN:
9780190618124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190618094.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Comparative Politics

The central question of this book is: how do states use cyber strategies to influence their rivals? This chapter introduces a theory of cyber coercion that considers the three main types of cyber ... More


Dragging Them over the Finish Line: The Effects of Partisan Electoral Interventions on Election Results

Dov H. Levin

in Meddling in the Ballot Box: The Causes and Effects of Partisan Electoral Interventions

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780197519882
eISBN:
9780197519929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197519882.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 6 begins the analysis of the effects of partisan electoral interventions on election results through a statistical test, using PEIG, of the four main hypotheses developed in Chapter 2. Full ... More


From Revolution to Provocation: The NTS and CIA Covert Operations

Benjamin Tromly

in Cold War Exiles and the CIA: Plotting to Free Russia

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198840404
eISBN:
9780191875984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198840404.003.0007
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

Chapter 7 examines the CIA espionage and psychological-warfare operations against the USSR that involved the most important and most controversial Russian exile organization, the People’s Labor ... More


The Phenomenon of State Organized Crime

Henri Decoeur

in Confronting the Shadow State: An International Law Perspective on State Organized Crime

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198823933
eISBN:
9780191862649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823933.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Chapter 1 describes the phenomenon of state organized crime. It analyses the context in which state organized crime occurs, highlighting the criminogenic mechanisms at play in ‘shadow states’ and ... More


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