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Parallel EEG-fMRI ICA Decomposition

Tom Eichele and Vince D. Calhoun

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter introduces and applies the concept of parallel spatial and temporal unmixing with group independent component analysis (ICA) for concurrent electroencephalography-functional magnetic ... More


Variability, Noise, and Sensitivity to Error in Learning a Motor Task

Dagmar Sternad and Masaki O. Abe

in Motor Control: Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195395273
eISBN:
9780199863518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395273.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Variability is a ubiquitous characteristic in even highly skilled performance, and it can serve as a useful window into the determinants of skill acquisition and control. Variability is specifically ... More


Why Rare Things Are Precious: How Rarity Benefits Inference

Craig R. M. McKenzie and Valerie M. Chase

in Ecological Rationality: Intelligence in the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195315448
eISBN:
9780199932429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315448.003.0089
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

This chapter reviews evidence showing that people are remarkably sensitive to the rarity of events when making inferences about them. Indeed, people are so attuned to event rarity that their implicit ... More


Beyond Covariation: Cues to Causal Structure

David A. Lagnado, Michael R. Waldmann, York Hagmaye, and Steven A. Sloman

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Causal induction has two components: learning about the structure of causal models and learning about causal strength and other quantitative parameters. This chapter argues for several interconnected ... More


Dynamic Interpretations of Covariation Data

Woo kyoung Ahn, Jessecae K. Marsh, and Christian C. Luhmann

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Many models of causal induction are based on covariation information, which depicts whether the presence or absence of an event co-occurs with the presence or absence of another event. In all ... More


The limits of covariation

Arthur M Glenberg and Sarita Mehta

in Symbols and Embodiment: Debates on meaning and cognition

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199217274
eISBN:
9780191696060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217274.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides the first empirical test of the claim that people recover meaning from covariation alone. It examines two theories that feature covariation as an important component of learning ... More


Scientific Reasoning

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter, the Scientific Reasoning subtest is described. The reason for each of the task-types chosen for this subtest is discussed. The skills tapped by this subtest include: covariation ... More


Dispersal syndromes

Ophélie Ronce and Jean Clobert

in Dispersal Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199608898
eISBN:
9780191774560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608898.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter focuses on dispersal syndromes and how they describe patterns of covariation of morphological, behavioural, and/or life-history traits associated with dispersal. Covariation is a ... More


Anaphora

Paul Elbourne

in Definite Descriptions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199660193
eISBN:
9780191757303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660193.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

A number of authors have observed that definite descriptions can havecovarying interpretations. In fact they can appear in positions, andyield up interpretations, associated with both c-commanded ... More


Life-History Variation

Jeffrey A. Hutchings

in A Primer of Life Histories: Ecology, Evolution, and Application

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198839873
eISBN:
9780191875601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839873.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The chapter begins with a brief overview of life-history trait variability among species at a coarse resolution of phylogenetic affinity before drilling down into variability between classes within a ... More


Brownian Motion and Stochastic Calculus

Kerry E. Back

in Asset Pricing and Portfolio Choice Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190241148
eISBN:
9780190241179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190241148.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Brownian motion and concepts of the Itôs calculus are explained, including total variation, quadratic variation, Levy’s characterization of Brownian motion, the Itô integral, the difference between ... More


Correlational Design and Analysis

Peter Miksza and Kenneth Elpus

in Design and Analysis for Quantitative Research in Music Education

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199391905
eISBN:
9780199391943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199391905.003.0006
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition, Performing Practice/Studies

Interests in how variables may relate to each other and how systems of relationships among variables may be at play often underlie the questions music education researchers pose. This chapter ... More


Timing is Everything … At Least for Citation Impact

Miles Hewstone

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Miles Hewstone describes his most underappreciated work: a paper with Jos Jaspars entitled “Covariation and causal attribution: A logical model of the intuitive analysis of variance.” Published in ... More


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