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Guatemala’s Descent into Violence

Virginia Garrard‐Burnett

in Terror in the Land of the Holy Spirit: Guatemala Under General Efrain Rios Montt, 1982-1983

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195379648
eISBN:
9780199869176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379648.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter provides a background to the violence of the early 1980s. It explores the evolution of the revolutionary Left in the 1960s and 1970s. This chapter also explores the development of a ... More


Ríos Montt and the New Guatemala

Virginia Garrard‐Burnett

in Terror in the Land of the Holy Spirit: Guatemala Under General Efrain Rios Montt, 1982-1983

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195379648
eISBN:
9780199869176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195379648.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter examines the language, images, and discourses that General Ríos Montt employed to promote his war of counterinsurgency. While the military’s war of counterinsurgency forcibly pacified ... More


Guerrilla Marketing: Counterinsurgency and Capitalism in Colombia

Alexander L. Fattal

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226590509
eISBN:
9780226590783
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226590783.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

Guerrilla Marketing argues that counterinsurgency and marketing have merged together in Colombia. More specifically the book analyzes a government program to persuade FARC guerrillas to defect from ... More


On the Battlefield in Yemen—and in Egypt

Jesse Ferris

in Nasser's Gamble: How Intervention in Yemen Caused the Six-Day War and the Decline of Egyptian Power

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155142
eISBN:
9781400845231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155142.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter studies the interplay between the battlefield in Yemen and the domestic front in Egypt. It begins with a revisionist account of the Egyptian counterinsurgency campaign, based on Egyptian ... More


Humanitarianism, Violence, and the Camp

Adam Branch

in Displacing Human Rights: War and Intervention in Northern Uganda

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199782086
eISBN:
9780199919130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782086.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Chapter 3 addresses the politics of relief aid distribution as it has been reframed within a human rights-based approach. The chapter explicates the epistemology, techniques, and effects of relief ... More


No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War

Gregory A. Daddis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199746873
eISBN:
9780199897179
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746873.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This study analyzes how the United States Army, particularly the Military Assistance Command, Vietnam (MACV), attempted to measure its progress and effectiveness while conducting counterinsurgency ... More


Continuities, 1945–59

Simon J. Potter

in Broadcasting Empire: The BBC and the British World, 1922-1970

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199568963
eISBN:
9780191741821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568963.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Cultural History

After the war, senior BBC officers sought to use broadcasting to restore the status quo, returning to their domestic mission of cultural uplift, and their imperial mission of supporting British ... More


Conclusion

Gregory A. Daddis

in No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199746873
eISBN:
9780199897179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746873.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The work concludes by assessing MACV’s decisions and choices in developing and implementing counterinsurgency metrics of effectiveness and progress in Vietnam. In the end, it asks if the army was an ... More


Of Questions Not Asked: Measuring Effectiveness in the Counterinsurgency Era

Gregory A. Daddis

in No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199746873
eISBN:
9780199897179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746873.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This opening chapter, covering 1955–1965, provides an overview of contemporary counterinsurgency theory and analyzes the army’s counterinsurgency doctrine. It also illustrates the increasing ... More


Measurements without Objectives: America Goes to War in Southeast Asia

Gregory A. Daddis

in No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199746873
eISBN:
9780199897179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746873.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter covers 1962–1964 and argues that a principle reason why MACV could not identify any useful indicators to measure its progress resulted from disagreements over American strategy in South ... More


Staggering to the Finish

Gregory A. Daddis

in No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199746873
eISBN:
9780199897179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746873.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This final chapter concentrates on the final two years of U.S. Army participation in Vietnam, 1971–1972. It first considers any refinements made to counterinsurgency theory since the early 1960s and ... More


The Vietnam War (1964–1968)

Austin Carson

in Secret Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181769
eISBN:
9780691184241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181769.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the covert side of the Vietnam War. Secrecy famously helped Richard Nixon cope with dovish domestic opposition toward the end of the war. In contrast, the chapter highlights ... More


The War in Afghanistan (1979–1986)

Austin Carson

in Secret Wars

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691181769
eISBN:
9780691184241
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691181769.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter analyzes the end of the Cold War and external involvement in Afghanistan. On the Soviet side, the December 1979 invasion was preceded by six months of covert involvement in ... More


Introduction

Sumit Ganguly and C. Christine Fair

in Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counterinsurgency Operations in Sacred Spaces

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342048
eISBN:
9780199852017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342048.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This introductory chapter begins by identifying the two specific problems of counterinsurgency that have received inadequate attention in the scholarly literature. It then sets out the purpose of the ... More


Counterinsurgency and the Problem of Sacred Space

Ron E. Hassner

in Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counterinsurgency Operations in Sacred Spaces

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342048
eISBN:
9780199852017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342048.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the key problems that counterinsurgency operations pose in sacred places. It first delineates the concept of a “sacred space” and explains the key features that grant such ... More


The Golden Temple: A Tale of Two Sieges

C. Christine Fair

in Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counterinsurgency Operations in Sacred Spaces

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342048
eISBN:
9780199852017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342048.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines two important operations waged by Indian security forces to counter Sikh insurgents operating in India's northern state of Punjab, from the late 1970s to the early 1990s. The ... More


A Mosque, a Shrine, and Two Sieges

Sumit Ganguly

in Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counterinsurgency Operations in Sacred Spaces

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342048
eISBN:
9780199852017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342048.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explains the dramatically different outcomes of two sieges conducted in the course of combating India's Kashmir insurgency: one of a historic mosque in an urban setting, and the other of ... More


The Battle for the Soul of Pakistan at Islamabad's Red Mosque

Manjeet S. Pardesi

in Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counterinsurgency Operations in Sacred Spaces

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342048
eISBN:
9780199852017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342048.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the July 2007 Pakistan military operation against the Lal Masjid (Red Mosque) in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. It begins by briefly describing the role of Islam in ... More


Fighting for the Holy Mosque: The 1979 Mecca Insurgency

Pascal Ménoret

in Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counterinsurgency Operations in Sacred Spaces

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342048
eISBN:
9780199852017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342048.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter discusses the 1979 siege of the Grand Mosque in Mecca. The chapter is organized as follows. The first section examines the history of Juhayman's movement, “The Salafi Group that commands ... More


Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Iraq's Sacred Spaces

David Siddhartha Patel

in Treading on Hallowed Ground: Counterinsurgency Operations in Sacred Spaces

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195342048
eISBN:
9780199852017
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342048.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses upon two uprisings in 2004 in Najaf, one of the holiest cities in Shi'ite Islam and home to the revered Imam Ali shrine. In the first uprising, in April 2004, U.S. army forces ... More


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