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The Role of Counterfactual Dependence in Causal Judgements

Peter Menzies

in Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590698
eISBN:
9780191731242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590698.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I argue that philosophers and psychologists have been premature in dismissing the possibility that the causal concept is analytically tied to the concept of counterfactual dependence. I argue that if ... More


Counterfactual Dependence and Time's Arrow

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Upholds the asymmetry of counterfactual dependence, and proposes a semantic analysis of counterfactual conditionals that can account for it. It also considers the asymmetry of miracles and that of ... More


Veridical Hallucination and Prosthetic Vision

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Argues that the difference between veridical hallucination and genuine seeing cannot be accounted for in terms of the absence of the normal causal process for seeing, since that process is also ... More


The Nature of Memory Causation

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the nature of memory causation. This involves identifying the vehicle of memory causation, specifying the strength of the causal relation constitutive of memory, and ruling out ... More


Counterfactuals and Difference-making

in Causation and its Basis in Fundamental Physics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199936205
eISBN:
9780199367757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936205.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter initiates discussion of the middle layer of causation by recalling Nelson Goodman’s account of counterfactuals. I construct an improved version called the nomic conditional that is ... More


In Defense of the Causal Theory of Memory

Sven Bernecker

in Memory: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199577569
eISBN:
9780191722820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577569.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The interpretations of the memory connection proposed in the literature fall into three categories: the evidential retention theory, the simple retention theory, and the causal retention theory. This ... More


Exclusion Again *

Karen Bennett

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter maintains that the non-reductive physicalist's best strategy for avoiding the causal exclusion argument, as defended in Bennett (2003), is unavailable to dualists. One strategy for ... More


Foundations: Causation and Causal Inference

Paul Shaffer

in Q-Squared: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches in Poverty Analysis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199676903
eISBN:
9780191756269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676903.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter begins the investigation of the causal stage in poverty analysis which asks ‘why are people poor’.It makes a case for causal pluralism on grounds that there are different conceptions of ... More


The Underlying Metaphysics: The Fundamentals

Carolina Sartorio

in Causation and Free Will

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198746799
eISBN:
9780191809071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198746799.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter contains a discussion of some basic metaphysical assumptions behind the view introduced in chapter 1. These include, principally, the role of causation (or quasi-causation) involving ... More


Neuroimaging and Inferential Distance: The Perils of Pictures

Adina L. Roskies

in Foundational Issues in Human Brain Mapping

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014021
eISBN:
9780262265850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014021.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter focuses on neuroimaging and inferential distance. It discusses the role played by various neuroimaging techniques in understanding brain activity, with special emphasis on functional ... More


Causation and Locality

Richard Healey

in The Quantum Revolution in Philosophy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198714057
eISBN:
9780191782503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198714057.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

By moving to the context of relativistic space-time structure, this chapter completes the argument of Chapter 4 that we can use quantum theory locally to explain correlations that violate Bell ... More


Causal Relevance

Jennifer McKitrick

in Dispositional Pluralism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198717805
eISBN:
9780191787317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717805.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

A causally efficacious or relevant property is a property of a cause. However, not every property of a cause is causally relevant to its effect. Further conditions are needed to screen off causally ... More


The scope and aims of this “guide”

L. A. Paul

in Causation: A User's Guide

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199673445
eISBN:
9780191751899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673445.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Though causation is a deeply familiar relation, it has resisted our best attempts to analyze it. In spite of our difficulties in coming up with a satisfactory conceptual analysis or reductive ... More


Confused Culpability, Contrived Causation, and the Collapse of Tort Theory

Larry Alexander and Kimberly Kessler Ferzan

in Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Torts

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198701385
eISBN:
9780191770654
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701385.003.0020
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter takes up the question, 'What justifies tort law?' It identifies a domain that is central to if not co-extensive with 'torts,' and it finds that the domain consists of a motley collection ... More


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