Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 21 items

  • Keywords: counterfactual conditionals x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

Counterfactual Conditionals

Michael S. Moore

in Causation and Responsibility: An Essay in Law, Morals, and Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199256860
eISBN:
9780191719653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256860.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter begins with an examination of counterfactual conditionals generally, without reference to using them as the reduction base for causation. The thesis of the chapter is that there are two ... More


Counterfactual and Causal Thoughts about Exceptional Events

Ruth M.J. Byrne

in Understanding Counterfactuals, Understanding Causation: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199590698
eISBN:
9780191731242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590698.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the counterfactual thoughts and causal explanations that people create for exceptional and unexpected antecedents and outcomes. Four questions have puzzled psychologists and ... More


Counterfactuals: philosophical and psychological difficulties

Jonathan St B T Evans and David E Over

in If

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525134
eISBN:
9780191728174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525134.003.07
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter looks in some detail at the important topic of counterfactual conditionals, examining both philosophical and psychological contributions. It argues that there may be a significant ... More


Conditionals and Indeterminacy

Stephen Schiffer

in The Things We Mean

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199257768
eISBN:
9780191602313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257760.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The account of indeterminacy is brought to bear on conditionals, both indicative conditionals and counterfactual conditionals. The existence of conditional propositions is easily secured on the ... More


Kinds, Essence, and Natural Necessity

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The distinction between natural necessity and metaphysical necessity is examined. An account is advanced of the logical form of statements of natural law, contrasting with that of D. M. Armstrong. ... More


The Cement of the Universe: A Study of Causation

J. L. Mackie

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198246428
eISBN:
9780191597954
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198246420.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this book, J. L. Mackie makes a careful study of several philosophical issues involved in his account of causation. Mackie follows Hume's distinction between causation as a concept and causation ... More


The Dilemma of Freedom and Foreknowledge

Linda Trinkaus Zagzebski

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195107630
eISBN:
9780199852956
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195107630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book examines the three leading traditional solutions to the dilemma of divine foreknowledge and human free will—those arising from Boethius, William of Ockham, and Luis de Molina. Though all ... More


Counterfactual Dependence and Time's Arrow

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Upholds the asymmetry of counterfactual dependence, and proposes a semantic analysis of counterfactual conditionals that can account for it. It also considers the asymmetry of miracles and that of ... More


The Causal Life of Attention

Christopher Mole

in Attention Is Cognitive Unison: An Essay in Philosophical Psychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195384529
eISBN:
9780199872817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384529.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter shows that the cognitive unison theory of attention is able to account for the causal role that we typically think of attention as playing. The first half of the chapter shows how that ... More


Conditionals

Ivano Ciardelli, Jeroen Groenendijk, and Floris Roelofsen

in Inquisitive Semantics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198814788
eISBN:
9780191852473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814788.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Chapter 7 argues that inquisitive semantics is not only relevant for questions, but also for statements. The argument is based on recent experimental work on counterfactual conditionals, which shows ... More


Meaning, Modality, and Possible Worlds Semantics

Scott Soames

in Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138664
eISBN:
9781400833931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138664.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter begins with a discussion of Kripke-style possible worlds semantics. It considers one of the most important applications of possible worlds semantics, the account of counterfactual ... More


Partition and Revision: The Semantics of Counterfactuals

Angelika Kratzer

in Modals and Conditionals: New and Revised Perspectives

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199234684
eISBN:
9780191738432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234684.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

The chapter develops an analysis of counterfactuals in a premise semantics. The truth of a counterfactual conditional depends on a set of premises that represent the facts of the world. ... More


“There sweep great general principles which all the laws seem to follow”

Marc Lange

in Oxford Studies in Metaphysics volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199659081
eISBN:
9780191745201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659081.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that science recognizes an important distinction: between conservation laws as constraints on the fundamental forces there could be, on the one hand, and conservation laws as ... More


Sensitivity

Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa

in Contextualising Knowledge: Epistemology and Semantics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780199682706
eISBN:
9780191839917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199682706.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the connection between knowledge and counterfactual states of affairs—and the connection between the semantics of knowledge ascriptions and that of sentences expressing ... More


“There Sweep Great General Principles Which All the Laws Seem to Follow”

Marc Lange

in Because Without Cause: Non-Causal Explanations in Science and Mathematics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190269487
eISBN:
9780190269500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190269487.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, General

This chapter concerns scientific explanations that appeal to symmetry principles and conservation laws (such as energy conservation and momentum conservation). It is argued that these laws (along ... More


Cross‐World Identity

Benson Mates

in The Philosophy of Leibniz: Metaphysics and Language

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195059465
eISBN:
9780199833429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195059468.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter takes up the question of what it can mean, for Leibniz, to say that an element of one possible world is identical with an element of another. It turns out that for him, such an identity ... More


Entrapment, Prerogative Power, and the Rule of Law

Luke William Hunt

in The Retrieval of Liberalism in Policing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190904999
eISBN:
9780190905026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190904999.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 5 first argues that the subjective test for entrapment is a theoretically and practically untenable method of evaluating sting operations: the test is based upon a decision procedure that ... More


Esoteric and Egalitarian Metaphysics

Thomas Hofweber

in Ontology and the Ambitions of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198769835
eISBN:
9780191822650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769835.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter investigates whether metaphysics has a special concern with what is fundamental, what is true in reality, grounding, or what is metaphysically most basic. It distinguishes esoteric from ... More


The General Argument from Intuition

Robert C. Koons

in Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190842215
eISBN:
9780190874445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842215.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Argument Q, the seventeenth argument in Plantinga’s battery, concerns the problem of explaining how we can take seriously our capacity for intuition in such areas as logic, arithmetic, morality, and ... More


Contextualising Knowledge: Epistemology and Semantics

Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780199682706
eISBN:
9780191839917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199682706.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Contextualising Knowledge defends a contextualist semantics to knowledge ascriptions, and integrates it into a detailed discussion of the theoretical significance of knowledge. Ichikawa develops a ... More


View: