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Counterfactuals

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter examines the use of counterfactual analysis in making causal inferences in the qualitative and quantitative research paradigms. To assess a counterfactual claim about a particular case, ... More


Nozick on Knowledge *

Saul A. Kripke

in Philosophical Troubles: Collected Papers, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199730155
eISBN:
9780199918430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730155.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter analyzes Robert Nozick's theory on knowledge. Nozick advocates what has been called an “externalist,” or “reliabilist,” analysis of knowledge. In his text Nozick states his indebtedness ... More


In Thucydides’ Wake: An Ancient and Unknown Genealogy

Quentin Deluermoz and Pierre Singaravélou

in A Past of Possibilities: A History of What Could Have Been

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300227543
eISBN:
9780300262858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300227543.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter talks about “What-if” history, which did not originate in the provocative minds of a few Anglo-American historians at the beginning of the millennium, nor from the pen of some ... More


Truth Tracking and the Problem of Reflective Knowledge

Joe Salerno

in Knowledge and Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014083
eISBN:
9780262265782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014083.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on a criticism of reflective knowledge, which is taken by Vogel as a decisive objection to tracking theories. This criticism finds its roots in Vogel’s earlier work and recurs in ... More


The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty

Eric Grynaviski

in Constructive Illusions: Misperceiving the Origins of International Cooperation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452062
eISBN:
9780801454653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452062.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter compares imagined intersubjectivity to common knowledge in context of the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, arguing that imagined intersubjectivity led the United States and the ... More


More Than Macro Stability

Oscar Calvo-Gonzalez

in Unexpected Prosperity: How Spain Escaped the Middle Income Trap

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780198853978
eISBN:
9780191888373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853978.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

For economic growth to accelerate, as it did in Spain in the decade after 1950, requires more than just increased political stability. This chapter documents the drastic turnaround in economic ... More


Introduction

Taylor St John

in The Rise of Investor-State Arbitration: Politics, Law, and Unintended Consequences

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198789918
eISBN:
9780191831553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789918.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter sets out the puzzle: what explains the rise of investor–state arbitration? It defines the rise of investor–state arbitration as one process with two phases: the creation of the ICSID ... More


Lessons from the Cases

Adam Bower

in Norms Without the Great Powers: International Law and Changing Social Standards in World Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198789871
eISBN:
9780191831522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198789871.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter presents a comparative review of the operation of the Mine Ban Treaty (MBT) and the International Criminal Court (ICC), focusing on five key themes: compliance; socialization; adaptation ... More


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