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State and Nation the French Revolution

David Armstrong

in Revolution and World Order: The Revolutionary State in International Society

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198275282
eISBN:
9780191598739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198275285.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The question of the origins of the French revolutionary wars is controversial, with some seeing them as fundamentally ideological, others as power‐political. The Revolution undermined in some ... More


Britain: Republicanism and the Establishment

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0030
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter focuses on England during the revolutionary decade. It argues that in Britain and Ireland, as in Eastern Europe, it was counter-revolution that prevailed. The net effect of the ... More


Climax and Dénouement

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0032
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter details events in 1799, when a gathering and confrontation of the forces described in the preceding chapters took place with the War of the Second Coalition—a confrontation in which the ... More


1799: The Rise and Fall of the Republic

John A. Davis

in Naples and Napoleon: Southern Italy and the European Revolutions, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198207559
eISBN:
9780191716720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207559.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The crisis of the Bourbon monarchy came to a peak with the Republic of 1799, and the events the preceded and followed it. This chapter explores the impact of the French Revolution on Italy and the ... More


The Counter-revolution

John A. Davis

in Naples and Napoleon: Southern Italy and the European Revolutions, 1780-1860

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198207559
eISBN:
9780191716720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207559.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The second major distortion of the Neapolitan Republic derived from the long-standing association with the popular counter-revolutionary Santafede. The counter-revolution against Naples was real ... More


Defenders of the Motherland: The Tsarist Elite in Revolutionary Russia

Matthew Rendle

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199236251
eISBN:
9780191717154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236251.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Russian Revolution of 1917 has long been seen in terms of the political manoeuvrings of revolutionary politicians and the actions of lower social groups. This book argues that elite groups, ... More


Liberation Theology at the Crossroads: Democracy or Revolution?

Paul E. Sigmund

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072747
eISBN:
9780199854790
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072747.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Drawing on both English and Spanish sources, this critical study examines the history, methods, and doctrines of liberation theology. The book considers the movement's origins in political ... More


War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War

Robert Gerwarth and John Horne (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654918
eISBN:
9780191744273
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654918.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

The First World War did not end in November 1918. In Russia and Eastern Europe it finished up to a year earlier, and both there and elsewhere in Europe it triggered conflicts that lasted until 1923. ... More


Counter‐Revolution

Matthew Rendle

in Defenders of the Motherland: The Tsarist Elite in Revolutionary Russia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199236251
eISBN:
9780191717154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236251.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines how organizations representing nobles, landowners, and officers were forging greater links by August 1917, uniting with industrialists, politicians, and the clergy to form a ... More


Conclusion

Matthew Rendle

in Defenders of the Motherland: The Tsarist Elite in Revolutionary Russia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199236251
eISBN:
9780191717154
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236251.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The conclusion argues that elites in Russia were far from obsolete by 1917 and that a move from a class‐based identity to one focused on professional concerns provided a basis for them to exist in ... More


Bolshevism as Fantasy: Fear of Revolution and Counter-Revolutionary Violence, 1917–1923

Robert Gerwarth and John Horne

in War in Peace: Paramilitary Violence in Europe after the Great War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654918
eISBN:
9780191744273
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654918.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Military History

This chapter analyses the psychological effects of the Russian Revolution as a historical event that mobilized people across Europe in support of or in opposition to Bolshevism. The fantasy of a ... More


Community Arts and Community Cultural Development

Lee Higgins

in Community Music: In Theory and In Practice

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199777839
eISBN:
9780199950218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777839.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music, Psychology of Music

This chapter examines the community arts scene in the UK and community cultural development from the US. As an initially Western enterprise, community arts grew from the development of new artistic ... More


Introduction

W. D. Edmonds

in Jacobinism and the Revolt of Lyon 1789–1793

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227496
eISBN:
9780191678714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227496.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

That the Revolution of Fraternity culminated in civil wars was a cause of disillusionment to its sympathizers at the time and has been a source of contention amongst historians since. Conservatives ... More


Clubiste Ascendancy and Feuillantist Response

W. D. Edmonds

in Jacobinism and the Revolt of Lyon 1789–1793

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227496
eISBN:
9780191678714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227496.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Late in 1790, a predominantly artisanal democratic movement took the political initiative in Lyon. Paris did not have a really strong, organized popular movement until l792; Lyon had one from the ... More


The Great Upheaval

W. D. Edmonds

in Jacobinism and the Revolt of Lyon 1789–1793

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198227496
eISBN:
9780191678714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227496.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The clubs' ascendancy was reaffirmed in the first important election of 1792 when, in May, their candidate Joseph Julliard was voted commandant-général of the National Guard. Julliard was a ... More


The Restoration

Geoffrey Cubitt

in The Jesuit Myth: Conspiracy Theory and Politics in Nineteenth-Century France

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228684
eISBN:
9780191678790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228684.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the restoration of the anti-Jesuitism movement. Although anti-Jesuitism was left without heir and staunch followers during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic upheavals, the ... More


The July Monarchy

Geoffrey Cubitt

in The Jesuit Myth: Conspiracy Theory and Politics in Nineteenth-Century France

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228684
eISBN:
9780191678790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228684.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the July Revolution and the many political developments it affected in terms of anti-Jesuitism movements. Although France feared the imminent Jesuitical counter-revolution and ... More


Camarilla, Counter-revolution, and Constitution, March—December 1848

David E. Barclay

in Frederick William IV and the Prussian Monarchy 1840–1861

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204305
eISBN:
9780191676192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204305.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Friedrich Wilhelm von Rauch's career as a Prussian officer had been rather unusual. In the spring of 1848 Rauch found himself in Berlin, and he did not like what he saw there. He was a man who prized ... More


The Cheka, September 1918–1921

Mary McAuley

in Bread and Justice: State and Society in Petrograd 1917-1922

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198219828
eISBN:
9780191678387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198219828.003.0019
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Violence and political repression will inevitably feature in a civil war, but its organization and focus will differ, as will the consequences for the future state's treatment of political ... More


The Soul of Tahrir: Poetics of a Revolution

Menna Khalil

in Translating Egypt's Revolution: The Language of Tahrir (A Tahrir Studies Edition)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9789774165337
eISBN:
9781617971303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774165337.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Shifts attention to a different register of language of Tahrir, namely, the polyphonic tapestry of the lyrical and poetic life of the midan that served to sustain the revolutionary experience and ... More


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