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Addressing Hunger

Devi Sridhar

in The Battle Against Hunger: Choice, Circumstance, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549962
eISBN:
9780191720499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549962.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes how hunger is addressed by the Bank nutrition team. It examines the interlacing of economic ideology and politics in World Bank nutrition policy through focusing on the periods ... More


Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Diana B. Petitti

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book is an introduction to three methods of quantitative synthesis—meta-analysis, decision analysis, and cost-effectiveness analysis. These methods are used widely to summarize information in ... More


Between Scylla and Charybdis: Improving the Cost Effectiveness of Public Pension Retirement Plans

M. Barton Waring

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Unless defined benefit pension plans are managed much better and more cost-effectively, they will be replaced by defined contribution plans. Benefit and contribution policies need to be carefully ... More


Implementing management for long-term sustainability

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter looks at how to implement management plans, monitor their conservation effectiveness and value for money, and ensure that they are resilient for the long term. Effective decision-making ... More


Cost-effectiveness studies

Judith Bosmans, Martijn Heymans, Maarten Hupperets, and Maurits van Tulder

in Sports Injury Research

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199561629
eISBN:
9780191722479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199561629.003.015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Next to preventing injuries, it is of increasing interest to have some idea on the cost aspects of injuries and the prevention thereof. What does an injury cost in terms of direct medical costs and ... More


Generalizing Randomized Controlled Trial Outcomes to Community Practice Settings

Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

in Randomized Controlled Trials: Design and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333190
eISBN:
9780199864317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter 7 demonstrates the relevance of RCTs to building a sound, scientific basis for social work services and programs, so that social work practitioners can select the most effective interventions ... More


Moving US Climate Policy Forward: Are Carbon Taxes the Only Good Alternative?

Ian Parry and Roberton C. Williams III

in Climate Change and Common Sense: Essays in Honour of Tom Schelling

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199692873
eISBN:
9780191738371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199692873.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter estimates the welfare costs of the main medium‐term options for significantly reducing US energy‐related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, including carbon taxes and cap‐and‐trade systems ... More


How International Nongovernmental Organizations Should Act

Thomas Pogge

in Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199739073
eISBN:
9780199855872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199739073.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter proposes and critically discusses a principle that sets priorities for international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) in a world where their resources fall short dramatically of the ... More


Evidence-based Public Health: Effectiveness and efficiency

Amanda Killoran and Mike P. Kelly (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563623
eISBN:
9780191722554
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563623.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Evidence-Based Public Health: Effectiveness and Efficiency continues the themes raised in Public Health Evidence: tackling health inequalities. Written by the same team, this book is a ... More


Managing Information Technology

William V. Rapp

in Information Technology Strategies: How Leading Firms use IT to gain an Advantage

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195148138
eISBN:
9780199849376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195148138.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The competitive situation faced by a firm dictates what software strategies Level 2 and Level 3 IT users impose, how these companies determine their level of success, how they choose which software ... More


The Challenge to Change: Reforming Health Care on the Front Line in the United States and the United Kingdom

Rebecca Kolins Givan

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780801450051
eISBN:
9781501706028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450051.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

There is constant pressure on hospitals to improve health care delivery and increase cost effectiveness. New initiatives are the order of the day in the dramatically different health care systems of ... More


Education Policy in Developing Countries

Paul Glewwe (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226078687
eISBN:
9780226078854
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226078854.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Economists and other researchers have accumulated abundant evidence that education increases workers’ productivity and thus increases their incomes. Education also leads to improvements in health and ... More


Economic evaluations of newborn screening

Scott D. Grosse

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Screening for metabolic, endocrine, and other diseases in newborns is performed through the laboratory analysis of dried blood spot specimens. This chapter reviews economic evaluations of newborn ... More


Economic evaluation in harm prevention: What are the special challenges?

Wendy J. Ungar

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.07
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is divided into three parts. The first part commences with a review of economic evaluations in child protection, including preventive and treatment interventions for physical abuse, ... More


Is more aggressive treatment of pediatric traumatic brain injury worth it?

J. Mick Tilford and Ali I. Raja

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem worldwide and is often referred to as the ‘silent epidemic’. The uncertainty faced by clinicians in treating children with severe brain injuries ... More


Economic evaluation of childhood vaccines

Damian G. Walker, Philippe Beutels, and Raymond Hutubessy

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.11
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The last twenty years have seen an explosion in the number of new vaccines for children. This chapter identifies and discusses the factors that influence the cost-effectiveness of childhood vaccines, ... More


Economic evaluation of dengue prevention

Donald S. Shepard and Jose A. Suaya

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral disease which threatens half the world's population. This chapter first briefly examines an existing technology, larviciding, to control the mosquito which transmits ... More


Economic evaluations of interventions for children in the developing world: The WHO-CHOICE approach

Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Moses Aikins, Robert Black, Lara Wolfson, Raymond Hutubessy, and David B. Evans

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

There are logistical and analytical challenges when conducting economic evaluations in the developing world, ranging from lack of data on costs to determining generalizability. This chapter describes ... More


Economic evaluation and priority setting: an overview

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides an overview of the methodologies that come under the umbrella term of economic evaluation in healthcare. Economic evaluations seek to identify, measure, value, and compare ... More


After the FDA: A Twentieth-Century Agency in a Postmodern World

Theodore W. Ruger

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The FDA over the past century has achieved high levels of regulatory prestige by enforcing statutory standards of safety and efficacy with relatively little regulation of the end-stage use, or the ... More


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