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Using Food Labels to Regulate Risks

Paul Weirich

in Labeling Genetically Modified Food: The Philosophical and Legal Debate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326864
eISBN:
9780199870325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326864.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many food products contain genetically modified corn and soybeans. Corn plants are modified to resist pests, and soybean plants are modified to tolerate herbicides. In the United States food labels ... More


Social Justice and Environmental Goods 1

David Miller

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

David Miller grapples with the sustainability question in the context of liberal theories of justice. He believes that environmental goods are as appropriately related to theories of justice as any ... More


Law, Economics, and Morality

Eyal Zamir and Barak Medina

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Economic analysis of law is a powerful analytical methodology. However, as a purely consequentialist approach, which determines the desirability of acts and rules solely by assessing the ... More


Assessing Capability Change

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The sixth and seventh chapters that make up Part II of the book consist of one practical and much narrower application of the capability approach, namely, a discussion of how economic analysis ... More


Applied Welfare Economics

Chris Jones

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199281978
eISBN:
9780191602535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281971.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Important results in the applied welfare literature are used to extend a conventional Harberger cost-benefit analysis. A conventional welfare equation is obtained for marginal policy changes in a ... More


The Consequentialist Nature of Economic Analysis

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.01
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter presents welfare economics and its consequentialist nature. It first discusses the main features of positive and normative economic analysis and the meaning of “consequentialism.” It ... More


Conclusion

EYAL ZAMIR and BARAK MEDINA

in Law, Economics, and Morality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372168
eISBN:
9780199776078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372168.003.12
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The conclusion briefly summarizes the main argument of the book.


Understanding natural resource users' incentives

E. J. Milner-Gulland and Marcus Rowcliffe

in Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198530367
eISBN:
9780191713095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530367.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter summarizes the methods available for collecting data about people's motivations for natural resource use, thus providing information on the social and economic facets of sustainability. ... More


Changing Faces of Cost-Benefit Analysis: Alternative Institutional Settings and Varied Social and Political Contexts

Jiunn-rong Yeh

in The Globalization of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199934386
eISBN:
9780199333028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934386.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Cost-benefit analysis is a detailed, technical, and potentially confusing process. When cost-benefit analysis is prepared for executive oversight, it tends to include high levels of quantification ... More


Plural Values and Environmental Valuation

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses critically the main criticisms of the use of cost‐benefit analysis in environmental policy, such as the incommensurability of environmental values with the values born by ... More


Three Case Studies

Sabina Alkire

in Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The sixth and seventh chapters that make up Part II of the book consist of one practical and much narrower application of the capability approach, namely, a discussion of how economic analysis ... More


The Importance and Limits of Cost-Benefit Analysis in the Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms

Christopher Charlier and Egizio Valceschini

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is an attempt to estimate a monetary value for environmental or public health degradation. In a regulatory context, it should be seen as a complementary tool to risk ... More


The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Luc Bodiguel and Michael Cardwell (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

The regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) continues to generate controversy. On the one hand, they are actively promoted by the biotechnology industry as vital to ensuring food ... More


Valuing Freedoms: Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Sabina Alkire

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199245796
eISBN:
9780191600838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245797.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The author examines how Amartya Sen's capability approach can be coherently—and practically—put to work in participatory poverty reduction activities so that the voices and values of the poor matter. ... More


Domestic Regulations and the GATS

Panagiotis Delimatsis

in International Trade in Services and Domestic Regulations: Necessity, Transparency, and Regulatory Diversity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533152
eISBN:
9780191714528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533152.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter untangles the issue of regulatory diversity in services trade. After a review of the rationales behind governmental intervention, it provides a thorough analysis of the GATS provisions ... More


The Intrinsic Value of the Environment

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Generations are not homogeneous entities and are composed of individuals and nations that have conflicting interests in the way in which resources are allocated among competing uses. This chapter ... More


Global Cost-Benefit Analysis

Michael A. Livermore, A. J. Glusman, and Gonzalo Moyano

in The Globalization of Cost-Benefit Analysis in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199934386
eISBN:
9780199333028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199934386.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

While cost-benefit analysis is not as prevalent in developing and emerging countries, the use of cost-benefit analysis as an aid to environmental decision-making has expanded in recent years in ... More


Addressing Hunger

Devi Sridhar

in The Battle Against Hunger: Choice, Circumstance, and the World Bank

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549962
eISBN:
9780191720499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549962.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes how hunger is addressed by the Bank nutrition team. It examines the interlacing of economic ideology and politics in World Bank nutrition policy through focusing on the periods ... More


Regulating from Nowhere: Environmental Law and the Search for Objectivity

Douglas A. Kysar

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300120011
eISBN:
9780300163308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300120011.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Drawing insight from a diverse array of sources—including moral philosophy, political theory, cognitive psychology, ecology, and science and technology studies—this book offers a new theoretical ... More


Counting Costs and Benefits: Is Sprawl Efficient?

Thad Williamson

in Sprawl, Justice, and Citizenship: The Civic Costs of the American Way of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195369434
eISBN:
9780199852826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369434.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Utilitarian philosophy has the premise that goodness depends on utility as the result of an act, thus, maximizing the well-being of all. Economical analysis in the previous chapter inferred the ... More


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