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Running Costs, Pay, and Manpower Controls

Colin Thain and Maurice Wright

in The Treasury and Whitehall: The Planning and Control of Public Expenditure, 1976–1993

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198277842
eISBN:
9780191684203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198277842.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics, Political Economy

Containing the pay and allied costs and numbers of civil servants and other public officials has been a priority of governments from 1976 onwards. This is not surprising, since in a period of public ... More


Don't Rock the Boat

Jill Quadagno

in One Nation, Uninsured: Why the U.S. Has No National Health Insurance

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195160390
eISBN:
9780199944026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160390.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter discusses how Medicaid and Medicare created uncontrollable inflation within the health care system, thus leading to a purchaser's revolt, first studying how the beneficiaries were ... More


Managing Costs

August Baker, Dennis E. Logue, and Jack S. Rader

in Managing Pension and Retirement Plans: A Guide for Employers, Administrators, and Other Fiduciaries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165906
eISBN:
9780199835508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019516590X.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The effective management of a pension plan requires managing the costs of asset management. This means understanding and controlling investment costs such as the costs of trading, custody, and so ... More


Managing Pension and Retirement Plans: A Guide for Employers, Administrators, and Other Fiduciaries

August Baker, Dennis E. Logue, and Jack S. Rader

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165906
eISBN:
9780199835508
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019516590X.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This book discusses the different financial issues surrounding pension plans. It covers the different types of pension plans, fiduciary responsibilities, investment policy, performance monitoring, ... More


Medical Education in an Era of Cost Containment and Managed Care

Kenneth M. Ludmerer

in Time to Heal: American medical education from the turn of the century to the era of managed care

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195181364
eISBN:
9780199850167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181364.003.0017
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In the mid-1980s a new paradigm became accepted, which emphasized that there were limits to what the country could spend on health care, given the reality of finite resources in the face of a ... More


Cost and related issues

Curtis L. Meinert and Susan Tonascia

in Clinical Trials: Design, Conduct and Analysis

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195035681
eISBN:
9780199864478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195035681.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter summarizes available cost data on trials, as provided in the National Institutes of Health Inventory of Clinical trials, and reviews factors that influence the cost of trials.


How different countries allocate long-term care resources to older users: a comparative snapshot

John Campbell, Naoki Ikegami, Cristiano Gori, Francesco Barbabella, Rafal Chomik, Francesco d’Amico, Holly Holder, Tomoaki Ishibashi, Lennarth Johansson, Harriet Komisar, Magnus Ring, and Hildegard Theobald

in Long-Term Care Reforms in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447305057
eISBN:
9781447311539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305057.003.0004
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Urban Geography

This chapter examines public resource allocation among LTC users in Australia, England, Germany, Japan, Italy, Sweden and the U.S. In public Ltc expenditure for older people Sweden is in a league of ... More


Tort Liability

Richard Adelstein

in The Exchange Order: Property and Liability as an Economic System

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190694272
eISBN:
9780190694302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190694272.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Torts are involuntary seizures of entitlements of a certain kind in a particular exchange environment, and tort liability attempts to ensure that tortfeasors compensate their victims for the costs ... More


Reengineering JPL

Peter J. Westwick

in Into the Black: JPL and the American Space Program, 1976-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110753
eISBN:
9780300134582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110753.003.0015
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes a new mode that emerged in the 1990s that required JPL to increase productivity—a mode referred to as faster-better-cheaper. Amid layoffs and problems with cost control, lab ... More


Electoral Competition, Polarization, and the Breakdown of Elite-Led Social Learning

Eric M. Patashnik, Alan S. Gerber, and Conor M. Dowling

in Unhealthy Politics: The Battle over Evidence-Based Medicine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780691203225
eISBN:
9780691208565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203225.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter evaluates the politics of the Obama administration's effort to promote comparative effectiveness research (CER) as the scientific foundation of health care quality improvements and cost ... More


What Do We Know about Contracting Out in the United States?: Evidence from Household and Establishment Surveys

Matthew Dey, Susan Houseman, and Anne Polivka

in Labor in the New Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226001432
eISBN:
9780226001463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226001463.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter focuses on contracting out that occurs within the United states, known as domestic contracting out or outsourcing. A factor for the motivation for domestic outsourcing is stated to be ... More


The Collective Action Problem

Robert E. Goodin

in Fair Resource Allocation and Rationing at the Bedside

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199989447
eISBN:
9780190207489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989447.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Collective action problems occur in circumstances when individuals would all benefit from a certain action, which, however, has an associated cost making it implausible that anyone individually will ... More


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