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Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

C. Stephen Evans

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This book introduces the concept of theistic natural signs. It argues that these signs, the concept of which comes from a modified and expanded account of Reidian natural signs, provide sufficient ... More


Cosmic Wonder and Cosmological Arguments for God

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that a theistic natural sign pointing to God's existence lies at the core of cosmological arguments; this sign is called “cosmic wonder” and is sometimes elicited by considering ... More


Cosmological Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Inductive cosmological arguments are prima facie more promising for the natural theologian than deductive arguments, such as the Kalam cosmological argument, which is not sound. In the cosmological ... More


Cosmological and Design Arguments

Alexander R. Pruss and Richard M. Gale

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The cosmological and teleological argument both start with some contingent feature of the actual world and argue that the best or only explanation of that feature is that it was produced by an ... More


The Epistemic Status of Belief in God

Stephen T. Davis

in Christian Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199284597
eISBN:
9780191603778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199284598.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter presents a theistic proof called the Generic Cosmological Argument (GCA). In outline form, the GCA runs as follows: (1) if the universe can be explained, then God exists; (2) everything ... More


The Argument a Priori and Hume's “Curious Nostrum”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Although most philosophers would agree with the suggestion that Hume's treatment of the problem of causation “is the center‐piece of the Treatise” (or, at least, of Book I), they also generally hold ... More


God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Herman Philipse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a critical examination of the philosophical strategies for defending religious belief. The main strategies may be presented as conforming to the end nodes of a decision tree for a ... More


A Criticism of the Cosmological Argument for God's Non-existence

William Lane Craig

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter criticizes Quentin Smith's cosmological argument for God's non-existence. It analyses the elements of Smith's Big Bang cosmological argument for the non-existence of God and offers a ... More


A Defence of the Cosmological Argument for God's Non-existence

Quentin Smith

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter argues in defence of the cosmological argument about God's non-existence. It proposes a coherent and plausible Big Bang cosmology that is better justified and is capable of standing up ... More


Making Nothing of “Almighty Space”

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that one of Hume's principal objectives in his discussion of space and time is to discredit the Newtonian doctrine of absolute space and time, which had recently been given a ... More


Time and Infinity

William Lane Craig

in Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263838
eISBN:
9780191682650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263838.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

This chapter examines recent criticism of two arguments for the beginning of the universe similar to the kalām cosmological argument. These arguments are about the impossibility of the existence of ... More


Cosmological Arguments

Tim Mulgan

in Purpose in the Universe: The moral and metaphysical case for Ananthropocentric Purposivism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199646142
eISBN:
9780191813993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646142.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that there is a plausible cosmological argument, where cosmic purpose is introduced to explain why there is something rather than nothing. It then highlights the importance within ... More


The Credibility of Religious Belief: Claims and Counter-Claims

David Fergusson

in Faith and Its Critics: A Conversation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199569380
eISBN:
9780191702051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569380.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter presents different arguments for and against God's existence. There are two widely held beliefs supporting the existence of God. According to the cosmological argument, the existence of ... More


A Reading of Aquinas's Five Ways

Robert J. Fogelin

in Philosophical Interpretations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195071627
eISBN:
9780199833221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019507162X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Aquinas's so‐called Five Ways are usually read as proofs – or at least as sketches of proofs – of God's existence. This chapter suggests that they can profitably be read as a series of responses to ... More


O'Connor's Cosmological Argument

Graham Oppy

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Theism and Explanation, Tim O'Connor provides ‘an argument for the existence of a transcendent necessary being as the source and basis of the ultimate explanation of contingent beings and their ... More


The Cosmological Argument

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239635
eISBN:
9780191598609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239637.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The cosmological argument is the argument to God from the existence of a complex physical universe. God can create such a universe (by keeping it in existence as long as it exists ‐ whether for a ... More


Theistic Proofs, Person Relativity, and the Rationality of Religious Belief

William J. Wainwright

in Evidence and Religious Belief

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199603718
eISBN:
9780191729287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603718.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter defends the use of theistic proofs in a wide variety of religiously significant contexts; argues that classical proofs such as the ontological or cosmological arguments for God’s ... More


Essence and Existence

Bede Rundle

in Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is difficult to see how purely philosophical considerations might lead to an understanding of why there should be anything at all. After looking at the cosmological and ontological arguments for ... More


Space, Time, and Idealism

R. Kevin Hill

in Nietzsche's Critiques

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199285525
eISBN:
9780191700354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285525.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses that Nietzsche's ‘naturalism’ is best understood as a rejection of the transcendental idea of space and time, as Kant argues for in the ‘Transcendental Aesthetic’. It notes ... More


The Kalam Cosmological Argument

William Lane Craig

in Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190842215
eISBN:
9780190874445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842215.003.0024
Subject:
Religion, Theology

A survey of recent philosophical literature on the kalam cosmological argument reveals that arguments for the finitude of the past and, hence, the beginning of the universe remain robust. Plantinga’s ... More


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