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Encoding and Beyond in the Motor Cortex

Nicholas G. Hatsopoulos, Maryam Saleh, and Julian A. Mattiello

in Primate Neuroethology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195326598
eISBN:
9780199864904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326598.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter proposes that the motor cortex does not encode movement as any one simple Newtonian parameter of motion. Rather, if motor cortical neurons actually encode anything at all, they represent ... More


The Cerebral Cortex and Memory

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins by summarizing the evidence regarding functional specialization of areas of the cerebral cortex for specific perceptual, motor, and cognitive functions. It reviews evidence that ... More


Mechanisms controlling the development of cortical connections at the target

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The preceding chapters have described how the embryonic anatomy of the early forebrain is established under the control of regulatory genes and extracellular signalling molecules. This chapter ... More


Thirty Years Among Cortical Neurons

David A. Prince

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter begins a discussion of the concept of diversity as a key attribute of cortical neurons, and the importance of understanding interactions that occur among molecular-, cellular-, and ... More


Models of Cortical Networks

Paul C. Bush and Terrence J. Sejnowski

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides an overview of a long-term project undertaken to study a particular population of cells within the cortex: the network of interacting neurons within layer V of the visual ... More


Overview: Basic Elements of the Cortical Network

Edward G. Jones

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the basic elements of the cortical network. In any examination of cortical circuitry, it is necessary to commence with the two basic classes of cortical neurons: one richly ... More


Diversity in the Neuronal Machine: Order and Variability in Interneuronal Microcircuits

Ivan Soltesz

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177015
eISBN:
9780199864713
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177015.001.1
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This book travels a colorful journey into the fascinatingly diverse world of interneurons, an important class of highly heterogeneous cells found in all cortical neuronal networks. Interneurons are ... More


Clinical Strategies for Neuronal Protection

Gregory W. Albers

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Cortical neurons are injured by acute insults, such as ischemia, trauma, and epilepsy, as well as by a variety of chronic neurodegenerative disorders. Although the events that initiate neuronal ... More


Suppression of Cervical Afferents Impairs Visual Cortical Cells Development

Pierre Buisseret

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0027
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The visual experience of a kitten does not solely depend on what is actually seen. It also depends on how the kitten moves to look around. Recent studies show that the functional development of a ... More


The Dynamic Building of the Brain

Alessandro Sale, Laura Baroncelli, Maria Spolidoro, and Lamberto Maffei

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter discusses the influences of environmental enrichment (EE) on the brain. It gives an example of cross-modal plasticity by which an increased input in a single modality reverberates as a ... More


Animal Consciousness

Gerhard Roth

in Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.003.0020
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter questions the attribution of “higher” human cognition just to the brain’s hypertrophied cortex. It highlights the high number of cortical neurons and the speed with which they process ... More


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