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  • Keywords: cortical areas x
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Map formation

David J. Price and David J. Willshaw

in Mechanisms of Cortical Development

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

All neurons in the mature nervous system are mapped onto the neurons to which they connect; and therefore, understanding how neural mappings are achieved could be considered synonymous with ... More


Cerebral neocortex

Edmund T. Rolls and Alessandro Treves

in Neural Networks and Brain Function

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524328
eISBN:
9780191724466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter attempts to develop a computational theory for the function of the cerebral neocortex. It proposes a theory of the remarkable property of the neocortex that, in addition to forward ... More


Association Pathways of the Prefrontal Cortex and Functional Observations

Michael Petrides and Deepak N. Pandya

in Principles of Frontal Lobe Function

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195134971
eISBN:
9780199864157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195134971.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on the association pathways linking post-Rolandic cortical areas with particular prefrontal cortical regions, including comments on their possible functional significance. It ... More


Cortical Representations of Vestibular Information

Jay M. Goldberg, Victor J. Wilson, Kathleen E. Cullen, Dora E. Angelaki, Dianne M. Broussard, Jean A. Büttner-Ennever, Kikuro Fukushima, and Lloyd B. Minor

in The Vestibular System: A Sixth Sense

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195167085
eISBN:
9780199932153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167085.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Vestibular information is indispensable for many cognitive functions required for behavior in three-dimensional space, such as perception of self-movement, spatial perception and memory, visual ... More


The Cerebral Cortex and Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778614
eISBN:
9780199932962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter begins with a brief summary of the evidence regarding functional specialization of the cortex. It then reviews the role of experience in shaping the responses of neurons in various ... More


Neurophysiology and Psychophysics

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter provides the necessary background for the study of visual pattern analyzers (e.g., spatial frequency and orientation-selective channels, direction-selective mechanisms). It briefly ... More


The brain and its cortex

William Hirstein

in Mindmelding: Consciousness, Neuroscience, and the Mind's Privacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199231904
eISBN:
9780191738319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231904.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter describes our current best understanding of how the brain works. It begins at the level of neurons and ends at the level of large-scale networks involving several cortical and ... More


Charles G. Gross

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography Volume 6

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195380101
eISBN:
9780199864362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380101.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter presents an autobiography of Charles G. Gross. Gross and his colleagues are known for describing the properties of single neurons in inferior temporal cortex of the macaque and their ... More


Inferior temporal cortical visual areas

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines the role of the inferior temporal cortical visual areas in face recognition. It discusses neuronal responses found in different temporal lobe cortex visual areas, the ... More


Outputs of visual processing

Edmund T. Rolls

in Computational Neuroscience of Vision

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524885
eISBN:
9780191689277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524885.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines the outputs of the ventral visual processing stream, from the inferior temporal visual cortical areas in particular. It explains that neuronal outputs provide a distributed ... More


Cortical Circuits: Consistency and Variability across Cortical Areas and Species

Jon H. Kaas

in Dynamic Coordination in the Brain: From Neurons to Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014717
eISBN:
9780262289818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014717.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The local circuits in the neocortex of mammals consists of neurons that need to obtain reliably meaningful information from their dominant activating inputs and to alter their responses to these ... More


Working with Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199778614
eISBN:
9780199932962
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778614.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter first summarizes the anatomy of the prefrontal cortex. It then reviews the functional role of the prefrontal cortex, including a consideration of whether it is involved in memory per se ... More


Attributes and possible pathways of residual visual capacity

Lawrence Weiskrantz

in Consciousness Lost and Found: A Neuropsychological Exploration

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198524588
eISBN:
9780191689222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524588.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In the absence of striate cortex, it is in no sense completely deprived of visual information, although it may be reduced quantitatively. This chapter examines how the residual information is ... More


The neural architecture underlying the processing of written and spoken word forms

Cathy Price, Peter Indefrey, and Miranda vanTurennout

in The Neurocognition of Language

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198507932
eISBN:
9780191687242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507932.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses and reviews the available evidence for the involvement of cortical areas in single-word processing. It also evaluates how far specific cortical activations can be linked to ... More


Organization of Cortical Auditory System

Woolsey Clinton N.

in Sensory Communication

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262518420
eISBN:
9780262314213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262518420.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter shows that cortical auditory response mechanisms are organized in a much more complex way than was encompassed by the concept of a dual cortical auditory area. Within the central ... More


The Dual Nature of the Thalamic Input to Cortex

S. Murray Sherman and R. W. Guillery

in Functional Connections of Cortical Areas: A New View from the Thalamus

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019309
eISBN:
9780262314992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019309.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter finds that wherever appropriate methods have been used to demonstrate the branched origin of a driver input to the thalamus, it has been found. However, such branching patterns have not ... More


Historical introduction

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter provides a historical perspective to systematic scientific research on the cerebral cortex. The significance of the cerebral cortex for the higher integrative and intellectual functions ... More


Evolution of the primate prefrontal cortex

Richard E. Passingham and Steven P. Wise

in The Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex: Anatomy, Evolution, and the Origin of Insight

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199552917
eISBN:
9780191741807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199552917.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter compares the prefrontal (PF) cortex in a diversity of living and extinct species to understand better the evolution of the PF cortex. It explains that the granular PF cortex first ... More


Processing Emotions Induced by Music

L. J. Trainor and L. A. Schmidt

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

Can music induce emotions directly and, if so, are these emotions experienced similarly to emotions arising in other contexts? This chapter analyzes these questions from the perspective of ... More


Relating the neural connections to actions and perceptions

Ray Guillery

in The Brain as a Tool: A Neuroscientist's Account

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198806738
eISBN:
9780191844317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806738.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

So far, I have stressed the neural basis of the interactive view. In this chapter I discuss issues raised by Adrian. To what extent can we read the neural facts in terms of their implications for our ... More


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