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Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Jan Bures, F. Bermudez-Rattoni, and T. Yamamoto

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) is a robust defence device protecting animals against the repeated consumption of toxic food. CTA is due to an association of the gustatory conditional stimulus (CS) ... More


The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book provides an updated theory of the nature of anxiety and the brain systems controlling anxiety, combined with a theory of hippocampal function, which was first proposed thirty years ago. ... More


The Intelligent Movement Machine: An Ethological Perspective on the Primate Motor System

Michael Graziano

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326703
eISBN:
9780199864867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326703.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This book offers a fundamental new theory of motor cortex organization: the rendering of the movement repertoire onto the cortex. The action repertoire of an animal is highly dimensional, whereas the ... More


Extreme Capsule

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the results of the investigation of the extreme capsule (EmC) of rhesus monkey brains. It shows that the EmC is the principal association pathway linking the middle superior ... More


The Social Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter looks at the social brain hypothesis. The term social brain has come to stand for the argument that the human brain, and indeed that of some other animals, is specialized for a ... More


Conclusions

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0029
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts. It shows that all fiber pathways are precisely arranged into bundles that link specific brain regions, and in many instances there is topographical ... More


Introduction

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This introductory chapter begins with a discussion of the lack of information on the fiber pathways that link the different components of the distributed neural system. It argues that understanding ... More


Beta-2 Oscillations

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Neuromodulatory substances evoke beta2 oscillations in motor and secondary somatosensory cortex, that depend on gap junctions. In the latter case, the oscillations are only weakly dependent on ... More


Cortex and Mind: Unifying Cognition

Joaquín M. Fuster

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195300840
eISBN:
9780199863655
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300840.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This book explores whether the mental order corresponds to the order of structures, events, and processes in one part of the neural order, namely, the cerebral cortex. For clarity and simplicity, ... More


How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

A. D. (Bud) Craig

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This book brings together startling evidence from neuroscience, psychology, and psychiatry to present revolutionary new insights into how our brains enable us to experience the range of sensations ... More


Mechanisms of Cortical Development

David Price and David Willshaw

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780192624277
eISBN:
9780191723735
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624277.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This is the first book that attempts to bring together what is known about the fundamental mechanisms that underlie the development of the cerebral cortex in mammals. Ranging from the emergence of ... More


Neural Mechanisms of Visual Memory: A Neurocomputational Perspective

Gustavo Deco and Edmund T. Rolls

in Visual Memory

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195305487
eISBN:
9780199894260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305487.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies have shown that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) is involved in at least some types of working memory functions. Neurodynamics helps us understand the underlying mechanisms that implement the ... More


 Death

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides a definition of “death” that accurately describes the way “death” and “dead” are used in both medicine and in everyday conversation. It discusses the characteristics of optimum ... More


Bodily Feelings Emerge in the Insular Cortex: Interoceptive Integration Generates the Feeling of Being Alive

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter presents evidence that supports the idea that activity in the interoceptive cortex in the posterior insula is re-represented, integrated, and transformed in the middle and anterior ... More


Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199659890
eISBN:
9780191772078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings ... More


Motivational Influences on Cognitive Control: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Hannah S. Locke and Todd S. Braver

in Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195391381
eISBN:
9780199776894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391381.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Social Psychology

Motivation is an important component of self-regulation that helps set the effort level an organism is willing to expend to achieve a desired goal. However, motivation is an elusive concept in ... More


The Interoceptive Pathway to the Insular Cortex: Lamina I Spinothalamic Input to the Thalamus and Cortex in Primates

A. D. (Bud) Craig

in How Do You Feel?: An Interoceptive Moment with Your Neurobiological Self

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156767
eISBN:
9781400852727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156767.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Neurobiology

This chapter looks at the experiments that demonstrated in monkeys and humans the unforeseen lamina I pathway to the thalamus and its subsequent projection to the interoceptive cortex. The ascending ... More


Neurophysiology of Hand Function

Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

in Human Hand Function

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195173154
eISBN:
9780199786749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter considers human hand function from a neurophysiological perspective and begins by highlighting several areas of controversy in this research area. The structure and function of the ... More


Transplantation studies

F. Bermúdez-Rattoni

in Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Removed insular cortex (IC – about 3 mm3) can be substituted 60 days later by homotopic fetal IC transplant allowing CTA relearning. Similar attempts to compensate the lesioned amygdala by ... More


The neurology of anxiety

Jeffrey A. Gray and Neil McNaughton

in The Neuropsychology of Anxiety: An enquiry into the function of the septo-hippocampal system

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198522713
eISBN:
9780191712517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198522713.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter reviews data from a range of disciplines and, in particular, the comparison of lesion effects with those of anti-anxiety drugs. It presents an essentially two-dimensional picture of the ... More


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