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United States

Stuart H. Deming

in Anti-Bribery Laws in Common Law Jurisdictions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199737710
eISBN:
9780199363070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737710.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Private International Law, Comparative Law

The United States implementation of the OECD Convention was relatively minor since it already had the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). Subject to territorial and nationality jurisdiction, the ... More


The United States: A Superpower Stirs

J. C. Sharman

in The Despot's Guide to Wealth Management: On the International Campaign against Grand Corruption

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705519
eISBN:
9781501708442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705519.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter begins by tracing the origins of the anti-kleptocracy cause in the United States, starting with the harsh Cold War environment and the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977. It explores ... More


Market Actors as an Unrealized Alternative: The Effect of Market Reforms

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter demonstrates how market reform has limited market actors' ability to provide goods and services, and thus has encouraged citizens to seek them illicitly from government officials. ... More


Corrupt Foreign Business Practices (Fraud)

Roger W. Shuy

in The Language of Fraud Cases

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190270643
eISBN:
9780190270667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270643.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The Corrupt Foreign Practices Act was enacted to prevent American businesses from bribing foreign governments to get contracts. In a 2010 sting operation, Yoshi Cohen, whose company produced body ... More


The Domestic Influence of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention and the Working Group on Bribery

Cecily Rose

in International Anti-Corruption Norms: Their Creation and Influence on Domestic Legal Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780198737216
eISBN:
9780191800726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737216.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Law of Obligations

Chapter 2 examines the 1997 OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions and related non-binding instruments—the 2009 ... More


An Absence of Alternatives: A New Framework for Understanding Corruption

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter sets out the book's two main arguments about the causes of corruption. First, when essential goods and services are not available from alternative sources, individuals engage in corrupt ... More


Rationalizing the Bureaucracy

S. K. Das

in Public Office, Private Interest: Bureaucracy and Corruption in India

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195653823
eISBN:
9780199081561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195653823.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter looks at the conditions leading to the rationalization of public bureaucracy in India and examines the nature of the civil service system that this rationalization put in place. It ... More


“Being a Friend in a Nest of Vipers”

Alexandra Gillies

in Crude Intentions: How Oil Corruption Contaminates the World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940706
eISBN:
9780190940737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940706.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

During the boom years, companies, banks, and other private sector players used all kinds of tactics to tilt the oil sector playing field in their favor. They wined and dined top decision-makers, went ... More


Bribery, Favoritism, and Clientelism: Evidence from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter details the petty corruption that goes on in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. The interviews conducted offer direct evidence that citizens use bribes, personal connections, and promises of ... More


Families: The Uneven Effect of Market Reforms

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter examines how some people managed rarely or never to engage in the widespread corruption in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. It demonstrates that relatively well-off individuals offer others, ... More


Corruption’s Motley Foes

Alexandra Gillies

in Crude Intentions: How Oil Corruption Contaminates the World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190940706
eISBN:
9780190940737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190940706.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

While some political heavyweights used anticorruption campaigns to go after their enemies, many of the battles against oil sector corruption ended in true success. More and more, anticorruption ... More


“They Make Their Ablutions with Bottled Water”: Elites and the Decline of Accountability

Noah Coburn and Anna Larson

in Derailing Democracy in Afghanistan: Elections in an Unstable Political Landscape

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166201
eISBN:
9780231535748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166201.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter looks at the aftermath of the 2010 elections, in particular, and how the process has been manipulated at a national level by Hamid Karzai and other members of the ruling elite. Though ... More


Islamic Institutions and Secular Charities: Obstacles to Providing Substitute Resources

Kelly M. McMann

in Corruption as a Last Resort: Adapting to the Market in Central Asia

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801453274
eISBN:
9780801454912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801453274.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Asian Politics

This chapter shows how market reform has limited the ability of Islamic institutions and secular charities to meet basic needs in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Interviews conducted with representatives ... More


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