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What Is Mathematical Realism?

Michael D. Resnik

in Mathematics as a Science of Patterns

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250142
eISBN:
9780191598296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250142.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Talk of truth plays a major role in formulating realism, to the point that realist theories are often criticized by attacking the correspondence theory of truth that they are presumed to defend. In ... More


Truth and Correspondence

Christopher Hookway

in Truth, Rationality, and Pragmatism: Themes from Peirce

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256587
eISBN:
9780191597718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256586.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Talk of truth as ‘correspondence to reality’ can be a platitude or a substantial and controversial philosophical theory. The chapter argues that pragmatists can accept the platitude of ... More


True to the Facts

Donald Davidson

in Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Davidson explores whether the semantic concept of truth utilized in Essay 2 (i.e. a theory of truth recursively defined on satisfaction) can be developed into a ‘correspondence’ theory of truth, i.e. ... More


Truth and Correspondence

Ernest Lepore and Kirk Ludwig

in Donald Davidson's Truth-Theoretic Semantics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199290932
eISBN:
9780191710445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290932.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the relation of theories of truth to the program of truth-theoretic semantics. It reviews briefly three traditional theories of truth and their relation to Tarski-style ... More


Truthmaker and Making True

Trenton Merricks

in Truth and Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199205233
eISBN:
9780191709302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205233.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The thesis known as ‘Truthmaker’ says that each truth has a truthmaker. That is, it says that, for each claim that is true, there is some entity that, by its mere existence, makes that claim true. ... More


Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation

Donald Davidson

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246298
eISBN:
9780191715181
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246297.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This volume collects Davidson's seminal contributions to the philosophy of language. Its key insight is that the concept of truth can shed light on various issues connected to meaning: Davidson, who ... More


Realism in Semantics

Ilkka Niiniluoto

in Critical Scientific Realism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251612
eISBN:
9780191598098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251614.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Semantical realism claims that truth is a semantical relation between language and reality. The view that representation is one of the functions of language can be combined with the thesis that ... More


Truth

Martin Kusch

in Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199251223
eISBN:
9780191601767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251223.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Applies finitism to ’true’ and ’false’. Applying finitism to truth leads to radical and surprising consequences. If ’true’ does not have a fixed extension, then it is simply incoherent to speak of, ... More


Truth and Propositional Unity in Early Russell

Thomas Ricketts

in Future Pasts: The Analytic Tradition in Twentieth Century Philosophy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139167
eISBN:
9780199833214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513916X.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Ricketts treats shifts in Russell’s views about truth and judgment between 1905 and 1910, a period during which Russell attempted to articulate an atomistic, pluralist, and realist metaphysical ... More


Quine and the Correspondence Theory

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

A correspondence theory of truth explains truth in terms of various correspondence relations (e.g. reference) between words and the world. Quine's doctrine of indeterminacy is often supposed to ... More


Truth and the Absence of Fact

Hartry Field

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This is a collection of papers, written over many years, with substantial postscripts tying them together and giving an updated perspective on them. The first five are on the notions of truth and ... More


Philosophical Papers

J. L. Austin

J. O. Urmson and G. J. Warnock (eds)

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192830210
eISBN:
9780191597039
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019283021X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This text collects all Austin’s published articles plus a new one, ch. 13, hitherto unpublished. The analysis of the ordinary language to clarify philosophical questions is the common element of the ... More


Some Thoughts on Radical Indeterminacy

Hartry Field

in Truth and the Absence of Fact

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242894
eISBN:
9780191597381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242895.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Discusses some issues about indeterminacy of reference and truth, from two points of view about reference and truth: that of a correspondence theory and that of a disquotational theory. It is argued ... More


A Substitutional Theory of Truth, Reference, and Semantic Correspondence*

Christopher S. Hill

in Meaning, Mind, and Knowledge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199665822
eISBN:
9780191766336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665822.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents and defends a deflationary theory of truth and other truth‐related semantic properties. More specifically, it is a theory of the semantic properties of propositions and ... More


Instrumental Nominalism

Peter Zachar

in A Metaphysics of Psychopathology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027045
eISBN:
9780262322270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027045.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

Instrumental nominalism is the view that it is important to conceptualize what collections of particulars have in common, but as the collections grow larger and the concepts more abstract (e.g., ... More


The picture of external realism

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter details the faith held by external realists (also known as metaphysical realists). External realists employ the picture of reasoning from a ‘God’s Eye point of view’. Putnam presents us ... More


The model-theoretic arguments

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter 1 showed how to use model theory to understand external realist’s Credo. This chapter presents the model-theoretic results that Putnam brings to bear against external realism. Putnam’s ... More


Conclusion

in What Did the Romans Know?: An Inquiry into Science and Worldmaking

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226471143
eISBN:
9780226471150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226471150.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter distinguishes that the correspondence theory of truth is incompatible with the historical and epistemological picture that the book has been arguing for. Philosophers did not detailed ... More


The Fifth Corner

Graham Priest

in The Fifth Corner of Four: An Essay on Buddhist Metaphysics and the Catuskoti

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780198758716
eISBN:
9780191818639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758716.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter shows how this possibility (ineffability) can be incorporated into the logical machinery by adding a fifth value. In the process, the bearers of semantic values are reinterpreted as ... More


Relational realism and the nature of archaeological evidence

Chris Fowler

in The Emergent Past: A Relational Realist Archaeology of Early Bronze Age Mortuary Practices

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199656370
eISBN:
9780191804724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199656370.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the relational nature of archaeological evidence by drawing key concepts from relational theories. More precisely, it considers different concepts that can be used in ... More


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