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A Magic Wand

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In a major work of 1918 (‘On the quantum theory of line-spectra’) Bohr reconsidered the general principles of quantum and atomic theory. Apart from reinterpreting his original theory, he introduced ... More


Paul Samuelson and the Stability of General Equilibrium

Franklin M. Fisher

in Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199298839
eISBN:
9780191711480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298839.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

This chapter draws attention to the topic of stability in the 21st century, for it has not yet reached a ‘satisfactory’ conclusion. When rummaging into the equations of a theory — be it simple supply ... More


A Theory of the Chemical Elements

Helge Kragh

in Niels Bohr and the Quantum Atom: The Bohr Model of Atomic Structure 1913–1925

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199654987
eISBN:
9780191741692
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654987.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

In 1921 Bohr’s new institute for theoretical physics in Copenhagen was established. The same year he developed his ideas of atomic constitution into a theory of the periodic system, covering the ... More


The Quantum nature of light

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a survey of early experimental results — the Planck spectrum, the photoelectric effect, and Compton scattering — that are usually presented as evidence for the existence of ... More


Quantum Mechanics

Olivier Darrigol

in Physics and Necessity: Rationalist Pursuits from the Cartesian Past to the Quantum Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198712886
eISBN:
9780191781360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712886.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter is devoted to several attempts at showing the necessity of quantum mechanics. It first examines whether necessity arguments can be extracted from the history of quantum mechanics, both ... More


The picture of external realism

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter details the faith held by external realists (also known as metaphysical realists). External realists employ the picture of reasoning from a ‘God’s Eye point of view’. Putnam presents us ... More


Linear viscoelasticity

Lallit Anand and Sanjay Govindjee

in Continuum Mechanics of Solids

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198864721
eISBN:
9780191896767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198864721.003.0029
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the essential elements of linear viscoelastic material behaviour and modeling in one- and three-dimensions. Both relaxation and creep phenomena are introduced and modeled ... More


Necessity, theories, and modules

Olivier Darrigol

in Physics and Necessity: Rationalist Pursuits from the Cartesian Past to the Quantum Present

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198712886
eISBN:
9780191781360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712886.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The comprehensibility arguments used in the best rational derivations of physical theories imply idealized measurements whose concrete realization may vary, as well as a variety of interconnections ... More


Guiding Principles

Anthony Duncan and Michel Janssen

in Constructing Quantum Mechanics: Volume 1: The Scaffold: 1900-1923

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845478
eISBN:
9780191880681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845478.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The development of the complex of assumptions and methods now referred to as the “old quantum theory” mainly took place in the first five years following the introduction of the Bohr atomic model in ... More


How the serpent entered Eden

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

External realism has failed. Since the external realist’s Credo involved three Principles, it is necessary to determine which of these three Principles is responsible for the problems of part A. This ... More


Introduction to Volume One

Anthony Duncan and Michel Janssen

in Constructing Quantum Mechanics: Volume 1: The Scaffold: 1900-1923

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845478
eISBN:
9780191880681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845478.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

We provide an overview, as non‐technical as possible, of the contents of Vol. 1 of the book. Reflecting the structure of the volume, this overview consists of two parts. In the first part, we ... More


Introduction

Tim Button

in The Limits of Realism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199672172
eISBN:
9780191758393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672172.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter briefly characterises the spirit of the book and the scope of its ambition. The aim of the book is to sketch various limits: limits to realism, limits to ‘anti’-realism, and limits to ... More


Particle motion

Eric M. Furst and Todd M. Squires

in Microrheology

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199655205
eISBN:
9780191748004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199655205.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

The movement of colloidal particles in simple and complex fluids and viscoelastic solids is central to the microrheology endeavor. All microrheology experiments measure the resistance of a probe ... More


Constructing Quantum Mechanics: Volume 1: The Scaffold: 1900-1923

Anthony Duncan and Michel Janssen

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198845478
eISBN:
9780191880681
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845478.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This is the first of two volumes on the genesis of quantum mechanics. It covers the key developments in the period 1900–1923 that provided the scaffold on which the arch of modern quantum mechanics ... More


Harmonic Oscillators

William J. Mullin

in Quantum Weirdness

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198795131
eISBN:
9780191836480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795131.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The first application of quantum ideas to a system with a nonuniform potential energy is to the harmonic oscillator: a pendulum, or a mass on a spring. The result is a quantization of energy with ... More


The Trilogy

Finn Aaserud and John L. Heilbron

in Love, Literature, and the Quantum Atom: Niels Bohr’s 1913 Trilogy Revisited

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680283
eISBN:
9780191760228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680283.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Chapter 2.6 analyzes Bohr’s foundational papers of 1913 ('the Trilogy'), especially his several conflicting ways of introducing the quantum postulate, against the background developed in the previous ... More


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